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Shabbat means to cease or to break off from work, therefore Jews are not allowed to work during Shabbat.

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Introduction

Shabbat Shabbat means to cease or to break off from work, therefore Jews are not allowed to work during Shabbat. It begins on Friday evening when the sunsets and night falls. This is a holy day and symbolises when God made the world in six days and he rested on the seventh day. When Shabbat begins, it is welcomed into the house. All the preparations are done beforehand, as no work can be done on Shabbat. When winter falls and the days become shorter, the parents must leave work early and the children leave earlier and help clean and tidy the house and prepare for Shabbat. An important part of the Jewish Children's upbringing is that they are always asked to help with preparations for Shabbat. The best cutlery and crockery is used for Shabbat, and all the cooking is done beforehand, and kept warm on the stove. When the work has been finished, every member of the family has a bath and get dressed into their Shabbat clothes. ...read more.

Middle

The father will recite a blessing over the challot bread and after cutting the bread, he dips the pieces lightly in salt and passes them round. The father the blessing over the challot (Shabbat loaves) - which represent the manna the miracle food that the ancient Israelites ate during their journey through the desert. The manna appeared outside their tents every day except Shabbat. Instead, God gave them a double portion. This is represented by two loaves of bread at the Shabbat meal. The family should thank God each time they eat any kind of food. Then the meal begins. The meal is relaxed and unhurried, and the family share good news over the meal. The Shabbat is a time for the family to spend time in each other's company and enjoy being with each other The Shabbat Saturday morning service in the synagogue usually begins a bit later than during the week. It is also a bit longer. ...read more.

Conclusion

He does recite a prayer over the challot. Later on the in afternoon, the Father may return to the synagogue again. Afternoon prayers are usually quite short and the sefer Torah is taken out again and the first part of the following week's sidra is read out. When the stars appear on Saturday night, Shabbat is over and the congregation prays the weekday evening service. This includes a prayer asking for God's blessing for the coming week. At the end of the service, the rabbi performs havadalah, (separation) a ceremony to mark the end of a holy day. He says a blessing over a cup of wine, followed by another over spices. A third blessing is said over the light of a candle, showing that Jews are once more allowed to light fire. He says one last blessing over the wine, and the separation of the holy day from the ordinary is completed. As soon as the family get home, the father performs havadalah and the whole family tidy up the house, and prepare for the coming week. Wendy Lee - L5A ...read more.

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