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Sikhism (Detailed)

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Introduction

The Sikh religion began about 500 years ago in the Punjab region of India (shown on the right). Sikhism was started by a man called Guru Nanak, the title Guru means teacher. He was born at a time in India when Muslims and Hindus were living in the same region but did not get a long well at all, there was conflict and arguments. Sikh religion tells us that at the age of thirty, Guru Nanak went missing and was presumed to have drowned after going for one of his morning baths to a local stream called the Kali Bein, his friend tried to find him and so ordered the whole river to be netted out-he was not found. People had begun to think he was dead but surprisingly three days later he reappeared and would give the same answer to any question asked to him: "There is no Hindu, there is no Muslim" (in Punjabi, "na ko hindu na ko musalman"). It was from this moment that Guru Nanak would begin to spread the teachings of what was then the beginning of Sikhism. He (Guru Nanak) began preaching to others that there should be tolerance of other faiths; it made sense to some people. ...read more.

Middle

The third Guru, Amar Das stressed about the equality of men and women, he introduced women preachers and started 52 study circles to give education to women. The fourth Guru, Ram Das. The gurus continually preached the religion of Sikhism until they had started being killed so the last Guru Gobind Singh decided that the Guru Granth Sahib should be the "next Guru" to make sure no other Guru's were killed. The tenth guru decided that it was important for the Sikhs to be able to defend their faith and he formed a brotherhood called the Khalsa of devoted Sikhs who are willing to defend the faith even at the expense of their lives. Men and women may join. If they do they take part in the Amrit ceremony held by five exemplary community members who represent the original "beloved Five" or first five who joined the Khalsa. There are five symbolic aspects of the dress of members of the Khalsa: uncut hair which symbolizes the belief in not disturbing nature anymore than necessary; a wooden comb for neatness; white shorts to wear under clothes for purity and modesty; a steel bangle for strength and eternity; and a short sword as a reminder to defend the truth and what is right. ...read more.

Conclusion

Seva from Sanskrit means to serve, or to attend is usually translated as 'service' which means work paid for, but in the Sikh religion it is done freely and is the persons own decision. Seva in Sikhism is necessary for spiritual life. It is the highest atonement. It is a means to getting the highest merit Seva is part of the Sikhs third rule Vand chakkra, it may mean giving money, time ,effort , using your skills or expertise to help others, it involves not only Sikhs but everyone. We can see this in different religions by the acts of Charity for example Christian Aid - an organisation built to help people who are starving in third world countries or to hel warstrucken cities back to their potential. In Islam there is the act of Zakat or Zakah which is compulsary for all Muslims it is when they give as an act of charity, that they do not expect to be rewarded for it, Zakah is a way of giving, Muslims pay 2.5% (one fortieth) of their savings on a regular basis as a duty. The word Zakah means to cleanse, when Muslims pay Zakah it is given to the local Mosque who then disperses it to the various charities - it does not just benefit Muslims but people from all religions. ?? ?? ?? ?? GCSE Sikhism Project By Y G ...read more.

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