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South Africa 1948-1994.

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South Africa 1948-1994 Topics: The Sharpeville Massacre (1960) The Collapse of the white minority rule (1994) How did the White South Africans discriminate against Black South Africans in the period 1900-1947? Politics: In 1936, Black South Africans lost the vote in the Cape region. In all other areas, they did not have the right to vote in the first place. However, they could elect 3 White representatives. Sex was banned between the White & Black South Africans to keep the racial purity or white supremacy. Black South Africans also had to pay poll tax on their incomes so that they would remain dependant on the Whites. The 1913 Native Land Act - 93% of land was white owned. ...read more.


That meant the wealth was concentrated into the hands of a minority. This also ensured that the Black community remained poor. Education: A good education will lead to better jobs for most people. But Black South Africans found themselves being badly educated & prepared for low paid jobs. A few Black South Africans were well educated. Housing: Poor quality housing kept the Black community poor. Lack of running water, electricity & basic amenities increased levels of disease & the Black dependency on the White community. A FLOWCHART EXAMINING THE PROBLEMS CAUSED BY DISCRIMINATION White settlers from Holland, Germany and the UK colonised parts of Southern Africa. They fought for control of the region & all believed that they were civilising the existing Black communities. ...read more.


Solution Discrimination of different types Crisis Point 1945 Should South Africa become more or less racist? South Africa needed skilled workers by the 1940's. Racism meant that black workers were not available. To solve the work force problem, it became necessary to allow Black workers to live in townships near White communities. The Government argued that segregation may have to end & Black workers should be allowed to live in White areas. This policy would have eventually ended racism in South Africa. In 1948, the purified National Party, led by Dr. Daniel Malan won the General Election in South Africa. Dr. Malan's party proposed to toughen up segregation & stop Black workers settling in White towns & competing for White jobs. He set out his ideas in the Sauer Report & came up with the term Apartheid - meaning separate racial development. Jannine Aird 10F Devonport High School for Girls - 54419 History Coursework Notes ...read more.

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