• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Augustinian and Iranaean Theodicies

Extracts from this document...


The Augustinian and Iranaean Theodicies Classical theism relates to a personal God, and the explanation of the existence of evil through the indirect involvement of God is explained through Theodicies. Two of these are the Augustinian Theodicy and the Iranaean Theodicy. The Augusinian Theodicy begins with the concept of 'past perfection', from which humanity fell, soon after creation. There are two strands to this argument; the philosophical which perceives evil as the absence of good -as God only created good- and the theological which examines the theory that God created mankind in freedom for extreme love. Evil arose in the philosophical strand as different levels of good existed, and mankind did not always choose the highest; resulting in a decline of this 'good'. ...read more.


In order to attain this, we receive the gift of freedom, and the moral struggle is considered to have more intrinsic value in the long run, to decide for ourselves to do so. It is felt that if we had all knowledge and knew God, we could not do wrong. We must exist epistomologically in order to freely make this conscious decision. The theodicies may begin in opposition, the ideals of perfection lying in different ends of life, however both view human freedom as it's weakness. Both accept that it is necessary in God's love and to freely appreciate him, however according to these theodicies, it would appear to be the fault of man that chaos exists in the world. ...read more.


This does however, seem slightly dismissive of the principle of free will as it suggests that we will all ultimately become God's children as we will eventually choose to do so. The Augustinian theodicy presents the Fall of mankind and natural evil cancelling out the moral evil brought about by man. It also supports the afterlife, however suggesting the principles of Heaven and Hell which serve as the result of the way in which we have chosen to live our lives. Those who deserve punishment in the eyes of God will suffer an eternity in Hell as opposed to the Iranaean Theodicy which insists that we will all become God's children as we gain knowledge and experience of Him. The problem of evil existing in an eternity cannot surely be created by the Lord of perfection though as it perfection cannot begin to be associated with evil. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. 1.) Compare and contrast the Augustinian and Irenaean theodicies and their attempts to solve ...

    and the Augustinian theodicy proposed by St Augustine, or Augustine of Hippo (254-430 AD). Both theodicies work towards the same goal; to explain the existence of God whilst maintaining the three fundamental qualities of the God of classical theism, yet they take very different paths.

  2. Good and Evil

    Timothy, one of the disciples, like all the others, was very influenced by Jesus' beliefs about doing good. In training this young leader, Paul, another disciple, passed on his desire and conviction to help the weak and serve the poor.

  1. What do religious believers mean by the 'problem of suffering?' Select any two ...

    Irenaeus based his theory on Genesis chapter 1:26, the phrase "let us make man in our own image, after our likeness." His interpretation is that the creation of mankind was a two fold development. We are all born in the image of God, in that we are all intelligent beings

  2. Present the strengths and weaknesses of Augustine's and Ireneaus' theodicy

    Humans and angels had now severely abused the privileges that God had given them in the world, God had handed them the world willingly and in return it had been taken for granted and ruined by evil and suffering. Augustine believed that because everyone was seminally present in Adam, each

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work