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The belief regarding the sanctity of life means that our lives are very precious and of immense significance. I am going to research two religions Islam and Judaism and examine what their views are on the facts of euthanasia.

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Introduction

Preface Euthanasia is the process of ending human life by artificial means. It is to change the uncertainty of the time of the natural death which depends upon so many seen and unseen, known and unknown factors into the certainty of the time of death by known and calculated means. Euthanasia is illegal in Britain but allowed in the Netherlands under certain circumstances. There are many types of euthanasia. Voluntary euthanasia - when the ill person chooses to ask to die but is incapable of committing suicide without any help. This is often called 'assisted suicide' Involuntary euthanasia - when other people (doctors) decide that it would be best if a person's life ends because he or she is not able to make such decision for themselves. Active euthanasia - when action is taken to bring a life to an end; for example a lethal dose of drugs being administered. Passive euthanasia - when action is taken to bring life to an end by stopping providing treatment so death will be the result. Euthanasia is a complicated issue as there are so many medical treatments available to keep people alive. If somebody is badly injured and loses the ability to think and feel and there is no chance of recovering they can still be kept alive for a long time. If a baby is born with abnormalities it can be artificially kept alive. Euthanasia is not just about killing the concerned person, there is much more to it than that. It is deciding when enough is enough and sometimes it can be kinder to let people go than letting them carry on being in pain. The belief regarding the sanctity of life means that our lives are very precious and of immense significance. I am going to research two religions Islam and Judaism and examine what their views are on the facts of euthanasia. ...read more.

Middle

Because such caring is a virtue ordained and rewarded by God in this world and in the Hereafter, the believers do not take it as a debt but as an investment. When individual means cannot cover the needed care, it becomes, according to Islam, the collective responsibility of society, and financial priorities are reshuffled so that values take priority over pleasures, and people derive more pleasure from heeding values than from pursuing other pleasantries. A prerequisite of course is a complete moral and spiritual re-orientation of a society that does not hold to these premises. That taking of anther life is totally forbidden in the Muslim world as the fact that all human life is sacred because it is given by God, and that God decides how long each and every person will live and die. Human beings have the obligations not to interfere with this. Euthanasia and suicide are not included among the reasons allowed for killing in Islam "Do not take life, which Allah made sacred, other than in the course of justice." (Qur'an 17.33) "If anyone kills a person - unless it be for murder or spreading mischief in the land- it would be as if he killed the whole people." (Qur'an 5.32) "When their time comes they cannot delay it for a single hour nor can they bring it forward by a single hour." (Qur'an 16.61) "And no person can ever die except by Allah's leave and at an appointed term." (Qur'an 3.145) Having examined the Muslim view, the Jewish approach to euthanasia will now be considered The religion of Judaism educates its people that all life has been born from God. Then God said, "Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground." ...read more.

Conclusion

Even if they are mentally fit to make that choice, the rule that life is sacred prevents them from shortening their own life. A passage in the 'Talmud' acquaints us with the story of Rabbi Chanina ben Teradion, who was being burned alive by the Romans. His pupils urged him to end his suffering quickly by opening his mouth and inhaling the flames. He replied, "It is better that He who gave [me my soul] should take it rather than I should cause injury to myself." It is against the law under the religion of Judaism to contribute in any way to bring about the death of the ill person, since one is not allowed to permit another Jew to break the Jewish law. If these are the religious obligations to euthanasia then what of those views which are based on moral reasoning alone Organisation such as the Voluntary Euthanasia Society argue that a civilised society should allow people to die in dignity and without pain, and should allow others to help them do so if they cannot manage it on their own. They say that our bodies are our own, and we should be allowed to do what ever we want with them. So it is wrong to make anyone live longer than they want, In fact making people go on living when they do not wish to violates their personal freedom and that can be considered very immoral. They also append that if suicide is not a true crime, therefore euthanasia too should not be a proper crime. It is simply a matter of being permitted to exercise one's individual human rights. Most religions as shown in the research above have disapproved of the use of euthanasia, and a few totally forbid it. Virtually all religions state that those who become vulnerable through illness or disability deserve special care and protection, and that proper end of life care is a much better and dignified than euthanasia can ever be. ...read more.

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