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The Conflict between Religion and Science

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Introduction

The Conflict between Religion and Science Widely speaking we regard science as the matter of reason; religion is a matter of faith. In science things can be proved. In religion we have to take things on authority. Keith Ward * Three Stages of religious thought and understanding. 1. Tribal religion, imaginary cosmologies, rituals. 2. The founding of the great scriptural (written) traditions - Holy texts which began to claim final and universal truth. 3. Developments since the 17th and 18th century, a new way of understanding God and the world. (Birth of modern science). Since the 17th and the 18th century the Christian faith in the world west has been transformed by three great movements of thought. 1. The rise of the natural sciences as epitomised by Galileo and his conflict with the Roman Catholic Church. Everyone knows that Galileo won the argument and the church was no longer contempt to disagree with all experimental science. ...read more.

Middle

Science deals with physics, religion with metaphysics. Therefore following this view both sides should be able to co-inside with each other and give their own contribution to us. Two big areas, in which religion and science are at conflict, are questions to do with the start of the universe and the start of life. * St Thomas Aquinas- * Put forward- that the notion of infinite time or eternal matter was argued as intellectually absurd without the notion of a metaphysically necessary being to provide an ontological start. * This has found renewed support from many other modern philosophers. * The Big Bang Theory- developed by Edwin Hubble. * This supposed that billions of years ago an explosion of cosmic gases came from a single point of singularity and of great density. * This therefore started of the process for the world with which we see today, through evolution. * Scientists are happy to accept, this makes it hard for the philosophers to reject this but still have faith in the belief that God created the universe. ...read more.

Conclusion

* In the heart of all the differences comes Miracles * David Hume described a miracle as being a "transgression of the law of nature by a particular volition of the deity." * Hume criticised the miracles on 'empirical probabilities'. Religion claims that reality goes beyond the empirical and the verifiable, while science is still able to deny this. Many believers still believe that the findings of science are compatible with their beliefs. * Albert Einstein viewed the conflict of one that needs both science and religion to be able to show a total picture of reality. * This though is denied by scientists who believe that they can prove religion wrong no matter what they say. Real conflict between religion and science will continue to revolve around beliefs about what constitutes reality. As long as science insists on its belief that reality is only what can be investigated by scientific methods, religion will represent a rival belief that reality has a wider reach. From this perspective there can only be logically no agreement between science and religion than between religion and atheism. David Morrey ...read more.

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