• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Existence of God

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Design Argument 'With such signs of forethought in the design of living creatures, can you doubt they are the work of choice or design?' The name teleological is derived from the Greek word 'telos' meaning 'end' or 'purpose'. Thus nature is viewed as directed in order that something beneficial may result. More popularly it is referred to as the 'argument from design', but this wording assumes the very thing that has to be proved. A better description would be the 'argument for design'. This argument is by far the most popular and most often expressed by people. This is mainly due to the fact that people would like to re-affirm their belief in their God. As, if everyone around them were trying to prove that God didn't existed, then them believing in a God would probably seem quite bizarre. The argument over the existence of God has been around for centuries. One of the most popular arguments used to prove the existence of god is the evidence of order and precision in the universe. We just have to look at our solar system and we will see that there just has to be a creator to this piece of perfection. ...read more.

Middle

Also in 1986 the bishop of Birmingham, Hugh Montefiore, wrote a book called 'The probability of God,' in it he argued that the design of the universe is too good for it to come into existence by chance. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) in his book 'Critique of Pure Reason' opposed the design argument. He said that God did not create the universe, but he just gave order to it. In other words he was just the architect of the universe. For example, there is a huge rock, this is meant to be the earth, and later a man comes and carves out a sculpture from it, this is meant to be the role that God played in the universe, according to Kant. He's saying that the universe was always there but God just carved it out and made it better, he added the finishing touches to something that was already there. Even though Kant didn't believe in the design argument he still thought it had some sway and said that 'this proof always deserves to be mentioned with respect.' Before Paley, David Hume (1711-1776) wrote his 'Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion'. He was not totally against the existence of God, but was rather a critique of the design argument. ...read more.

Conclusion

As the watch had a designer, therefore the world must have a designer on the same scale, as similar effects imply similar causes. Darwin's theory of evolution also says that given infinite time, all possible combinations of atoms and molecules etc. can happen. Hence randomness can produce this Earth. Darwin also argues that there is no actual elements of design present in the world. How can you say that the world has been designed, when you have not actual seen it being designed? We have no certain reason to believe that the world will carry on behaving in an orderly way. It just may be a 'brute fact' that this world came into existence totally by accident! I personally think that the design argument is actually there so that theists can base their belief in God from it. Every argument will always have a down side to it, nothings perfect. Religions have their own explanations to this answer, and it is up to us lot to pick out which we think is right: does God actually exist or are we here by accident? The choice is yours. 'What could be more clear or obvious when we look up to the sky and contemplate the heavens, than that there is some divinity of superior intelligence?' (Lucilius) Cicero (106-43 BC) De Natura Deorum ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. "If God made the world, then he must be absent without leave!" Write an ...

    For this reason, the priest did not have a manifestation from God informing him of the condition of the patient; but instead, he had received information from someone else. * It has been scientifically proven that when a person has firm faith in something, it can be obtained, though it seems impossible.

  2. The Nature of God Religious Studies Coursework. I am going to explain, discuss and ...

    had heard God but he still believes in it up to the point that he risks his son's life for it. The paradox is that Abraham is acting on incomplete knowledge about God and not solid proof which is similar to our belief in God.

  1. What are the main strengths and weaknesses of teleological argument for the existence of ...

    If a pattern does exist, could it simply be nature's way of surviving? Those who fit the pattern will survive and those who do not will perish. Who can say whether humans are not the survivors of a million failed worlds?

  2. Explain the Ontological argument.

    This destroyed the delicate balance of the world. It also destroyed the delicate balance of the world and caused the world to be distanced from God. In this new and damaged environment, moral evil flourished and spread. Both types of evil are a punishment 'All evil is either a sin or the punishment for sin.'

  1. The Teleological Argument.

    It is more plausible that we have certain traits of God like kindness, a conscience and love. Hume put forward another suggestion saying, 'If it takes many carpenters to make a ship, why is it not possible that more than one God made the world?'

  2. Examine the design argument for the existence of God.

    This universe-maker can be called God. Consider this diagram.8 I will now rehearse the design argument as expressed by David Hume9, through Cleanthes, using analogy. Hume follows Plato's method and writes in the form of a debate between two main characters: Cleanthes and Philo. Cleanthes is used to put forward the argument; and Philo is then

  1. Outline the Design Argument for the Existence of God

    end, so this proves the existence of a designer, or divine being. He says that things do what they do by design, not luck. HE used the analogy of the archer and the arrow, to explain that anything lacking knowledge cannot move towards an end, unless directed by an intelligent

  2. The Existence of God - questions and answers.

    Christians usually teach their children to pray to God. This will make the children believe that God exists because otherwise their parents would not want them to pray to them. If God did not exist, they and their parents would not waste their time praying to nothing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work