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The Existence of God

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Introduction

The Design Argument 'With such signs of forethought in the design of living creatures, can you doubt they are the work of choice or design?' The name teleological is derived from the Greek word 'telos' meaning 'end' or 'purpose'. Thus nature is viewed as directed in order that something beneficial may result. More popularly it is referred to as the 'argument from design', but this wording assumes the very thing that has to be proved. A better description would be the 'argument for design'. This argument is by far the most popular and most often expressed by people. This is mainly due to the fact that people would like to re-affirm their belief in their God. As, if everyone around them were trying to prove that God didn't existed, then them believing in a God would probably seem quite bizarre. The argument over the existence of God has been around for centuries. One of the most popular arguments used to prove the existence of god is the evidence of order and precision in the universe. We just have to look at our solar system and we will see that there just has to be a creator to this piece of perfection. ...read more.

Middle

Also in 1986 the bishop of Birmingham, Hugh Montefiore, wrote a book called 'The probability of God,' in it he argued that the design of the universe is too good for it to come into existence by chance. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) in his book 'Critique of Pure Reason' opposed the design argument. He said that God did not create the universe, but he just gave order to it. In other words he was just the architect of the universe. For example, there is a huge rock, this is meant to be the earth, and later a man comes and carves out a sculpture from it, this is meant to be the role that God played in the universe, according to Kant. He's saying that the universe was always there but God just carved it out and made it better, he added the finishing touches to something that was already there. Even though Kant didn't believe in the design argument he still thought it had some sway and said that 'this proof always deserves to be mentioned with respect.' Before Paley, David Hume (1711-1776) wrote his 'Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion'. He was not totally against the existence of God, but was rather a critique of the design argument. ...read more.

Conclusion

As the watch had a designer, therefore the world must have a designer on the same scale, as similar effects imply similar causes. Darwin's theory of evolution also says that given infinite time, all possible combinations of atoms and molecules etc. can happen. Hence randomness can produce this Earth. Darwin also argues that there is no actual elements of design present in the world. How can you say that the world has been designed, when you have not actual seen it being designed? We have no certain reason to believe that the world will carry on behaving in an orderly way. It just may be a 'brute fact' that this world came into existence totally by accident! I personally think that the design argument is actually there so that theists can base their belief in God from it. Every argument will always have a down side to it, nothings perfect. Religions have their own explanations to this answer, and it is up to us lot to pick out which we think is right: does God actually exist or are we here by accident? The choice is yours. 'What could be more clear or obvious when we look up to the sky and contemplate the heavens, than that there is some divinity of superior intelligence?' (Lucilius) Cicero (106-43 BC) De Natura Deorum ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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