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'The factors that led to Luther's reform of the GermanChurchwere not exclusive; the abuses were to be found within the Church in Europe.'Outline the main reasons which led to believe why the Church was in need of reform throughout Europe.

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  • Essay length: 1372 words
  • Submitted: 07/01/2003
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GCSE Places of Worship

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'The factors that led to Luther's reform of the German Church were not exclusive; the abuses were to be found within the Church in Europe.'

Outline the main reasons which led to believe why the Church was in need of reform throughout Europe.

It is fair to say there were numerous reasons suggesting why the Church was in need of reform on a wide-scale degree throughout Europe during Luther's time. Apart from centralised abuses in Rome, concerning the Pope or other members of the higher clergy using their considerable political and spiritual power to their own ends instead of for the good of the Church they claimed to represent. There was corruption at the very grass-roots of religion, at local level churches, where simony, nepotism, and other corrupt practices moved the focus of the Church and its ministers away from the spiritual health of its people and towards a more materialistic view. Also the very representative of the Church in local areas, the priest, was often uneducated in faith, leading the people in a misguided manner until it was on the brink of collapse. Martin Luther, a German, Augustinian monk, recognised many of these failings, and

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