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The Greek or Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church

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Introduction

RELIGEOS STUDIES GCSE COURSEWORK 10.03.03 AO1: Choose two different denominations. Select and explain the main features of each place of worship. Compare and contrast the way in which the features of the churches are used in worship. The Greek or Eastern Orthodox Church holds a great belief in the "word-picture" of the church having believers in heaven as well as on earth, spanning time as well as space. The worship is incredibly spiritual and mysterious and a huge amount of incense and candles contribute to this by setting a frightfully heavenly aurora. Much belief relies on traditional methods of the church and what ideas have been passed down through generations and are drawn also from the Holy Scriptures. Both of these can be seen through the way the actual church as building is designed and decorated. The ceiling is a great dome, which is there to represent heaven. Usually pictures of Jesus and his mother are found upon it. The floor symbolises earth and the nave is in the shape of a square which, is to show Gods orderly world and each of its corners that are in remembrance of the four evangelists. ...read more.

Middle

Pews in lines in which people sit surround it. The paschal candle when burning increases the holiness aurora buy making you believe that around you is the holy spirit and that Jesus is within your place of worship. The Lady Chapel is a small shrine that is usually positioned to the side of the church which is specially devoted to Mary the mother of Jesus alone and is used when special prayer is needed and devoted to her. The Stations of the Cross are Jesus Prays in the Garden. Jesus is betrayed and arrested. The Sanhedrin condemns Jesus. Peter denies knowing Jesus. Pilate condemns Jesus. Jesus is scourged and crowned with Thorns. Jesus takes up his Cross. Simon of Cyrene helps Jesus. Jesus meets the Weeping Women. Jesus is crucified. Jesus promises paradise to the Crucified Thief. Jesus cares for his Mother. Jesus Dies. Jesus is buried. These beautiful pictures with Jesus upon them are positioned around the church alike many other statues, beautiful stained glass windows and colourful pictures in order for us to remember that he died for us, along with other such people that are recognised by the church as saints for what they did in life. ...read more.

Conclusion

The main sacrament is the Eucharist; the others are baptism, normally by immersion; confirmation, which immediately follows baptism in the form of anointment with chrism; penance; Holy Orders; marriage and anointment of the sick. Some medieval authors list other sacraments, such as monastic tonsure, burial and the blessing of water. The icons in the Greek Orthodox church have a meaning which is to encourage prayer by bringing heaven down to earth so that the congregation may feel as though they are in the presence of God whilst in worship. This alone may be a very special feeling. The reason for there being so many different types of Christian churches is that in 1054 the Great Schism took place separating eastern Christianity and western Christianity and then new churches began to form such as Protestant from the Roman Catholic church and all the different Orthodox churches formed. The churches that I chose to study ways of worship and its meaning have some relevance in comparison to each other, for example the way the seven sacraments are used and the way the services are made as Godly as possible through incense, candles, icons, etc...... These manage to settle people's worries with prayer, help cure disease through God and settle disagreements using the bibles teaching. ...read more.

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