• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Hajj

Extracts from this document...


GCSE Islam (Pilgrimage) There are many reasons for people to go on a pilgrimage because they want to devote themselves to God. The main reasons are as follows: to renew or deepen their faith; to get closer and nearer to their God, their supposedly creator; to receive a cure either physically, mentally or spiritually; to please God (as a response to a command; to give thanks). Other reasons are: to search for something; the meaning of life; peace of mind; to learn more about the faith and finally to gain unity and closeness with other members of the faith. he Hajj is the pilgrimage to Mecca (Makkah), is the largest annual pilgrimage in the world. The pilgrimage occurs from the 6th to the 12th day of Dhul Hijjah, the 12th month of the Islamic calendar. Because the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, the event cannot be pegged to the Gregorian calendar, whose (solar) year is eleven days longer.Pilgrimage has countless significance and importance to all Muslims. The pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia is the most essential place; a Muslim can go for worship. It was the birth place of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) who lived there for most of his life and he also used to perform religious acts and ritual there. Mecca has always been a very important, holy city for Muslims even before e the prophet Muhammad reclaimed it for Allah. ...read more.


The major rites of Hajj which are performed by Muslims today were well-known in the days of the Prophet Ibrahim, who built the Ka'bah and made Makkah a place of pilgrimage. These rites include Tawaf, the sevenfold circling of the Ka'bah, originating from Allah's command that Ibrahim took his wife Haggar and their son Ismail into the desert to hand over them to the protection of Allah. In a desperate search for water, Haggar ran seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwah before demanding the help of Allah, whereupon the well of Zam Zam burst forth at her feet. Hajj pilgrims have ever since evoked this story in their sevenfold running between Safa and Marwah.This is known as the rite of Saiy ('striving'). The abandoning of Haggar and Ismail was only one of Allah's many ways of testing Ibrahim's faith. Others are remembered by the three rocky pillars at Mina, about 3.7 miles/6km east of Makkah. Each pilgrim collects seven stones on the slopes of Muzdalifah hill, and uses them in a ritual stoning of the three pillars, which are known as 'satans'. The ritual is known as Jamarat and follows the sacrifice of a sheep by every pilgrim who can afford it. The sacrifice takes place in memory of that offered by Ibrahim at Allah's command. ...read more.


The effects may come in different forms: may be negative; they may be positive, they may be small or they may influence different aspects of life. For some, the experience felt in Hajj is an enormous life-enhancing change just as if they were starting a new life. Pilgrimage means to set out with a definite purpose and is meant to play an important part in the spiritual development of Muslims on the return home. Their personal religious commitment and effort may be deeper and their behaviour towards other people may be more considerate because they will have to build up tolerance for individuals with whom they have travelled. This could be described as a long term effect. The Hajj pilgrimage also builds generosity and develops in the individual, a willingness to sacrifice for the sake of Allah. Hajj encourages spending of material wealth for the sake of Allah, which is the chief characteristic of Zakaat. By spending from his wealth to perform the Hajj, the pilgrim cleanses from his heart the greed deposited by love of this world. Furthermore, the experience of seeing the Ummah, the equality, brotherhood of its members and the unity of purpose, also has a profound effect on Muslims. Finally the Hajj develops, in man, the spiritual and moral goals of the various forms of worship in Islam. A deep spiritual transformation takes place within the individual, resulting in the reformation of his or her life according to Islamic ideals. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Hajj section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Hajj essays

  1. Religious Education Hajj Coursework

    They will be glad to wear the same clothing as one another. ii) Describe and explain why a Muslim might take part from Hajj and what this involves There are many reasons why a Muslim may take part in a Hajj, including reasons from the Qur'an and from Muhammad's teachings and examples!

  2. Hajj and its importance to Muslims?

    They also are following the footsteps of the prophet. Hajj can teach a person how to handle hardship and how to overcome obstacles in life because Hajj has made a big impact in a Muslims life. This can make a Muslim into someone more caring and kind. Muslims can then start thinking more positively towards their lives.

  1. Analyse how one personal devotion expresses the beliefs of Islam. he Hajj is an ...

    While circulating the Ka'ba the pilgrims chant "Here I am, O God, at thy command". The circulation of the Ka'ba is a significant ritual in the Hajj. The black stone which is placed in the Ka'ba is believed to be sent down from Allah and Muslims try to touch this

  2. Explain why Christians go on pilgrimage and the benefits they receive from going.

    The definition of spiritual is, 'To do with sacred or religious things'. The definition for renewal is, 'Reviving, reinforcing, strengthening.' Therefore the meaning must be, 'Reviving your religious beliefs'. Overall, I believe Lourdes is a place of worship and sanctity, in fact any place of pilgrimage is sacred.

  1. Hajj - Pilgrimage to Mecca

    Then on the next day, 9th Dhul-Hijja, the Muslim should leave in the morning from Mina, and then travel to the plain of Arafat and stay there until sunset. In Arafat, the Muslim must stand before God, and ask for forgiveness for his sins, if this isn't carried out then

  2. Describe why a Muslim might take part in Hajj and what this involves?

    of Mercy and begged to be restored to a relationship with Him again. God in his compassion forgave them. Adam and Eve in thankfulness built a shrine in the same spot as the Ka'bah and Muslims today still believe they worship God on Hajj at the exact same place.

  1. b) Explain why some Christians go ...

    The journey can furthermore be seen as a selfish act, one of self-acknowledgement and attention, isolation from the 'real world'. When a Christian undertakes a pilgrimage they do not contribute to society or the community but lives an existence where the priority is for self-achievement.

  2. Describe what happens on Hajj.

    In this way Hajj is very similar to being Baptised as the believer is going before God and asking for their sins to be forgiven. Hajj is known as a rehearsal for judgement day. Hajj is 'fard' compulsory as it is one of the five pillars- many Muslims feel that

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work