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The History of Islam in the New World Before Columbus.

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Introduction

LECTURE PRESENTED AT WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY February 6, 2003 The History of Islam in the New World Before Columbus Introduction I will attempt to present information to you that is not only academic but backed up with clear evidence of the presence of Muslims in the Americas at large. It is possible that many of you may not even have heard of this information. My talk today will also deal with a topic that academic world has not given it its due attention unfortunately due to what I term "intellectual and academic prejudice" and therefore denying certain people their rightful place in history. I am certainly not the first person to suggest that there were Muslims in America before Columbus and more specifically African Muslims in America. Nor were van Sertima or Barry Fell and others the first ones. In fact when one looks at probably some the earliest documented suggestions, it is clear from European perspective that Columbus, himself, was the first person to suggest it. He says in his Journal of the Second Voyage, and this is quoted in many places, not just in his journal, that when he was in Haiti, which was then called Espanola, the native Americans came to him and told him that Black-skinned people had come from the south and southeast in boats, trading in gold-tipped metal spears. And that "Columbus wanted to find out what the Indians of Espanola told him, that there had come from the south and southeast, Negro people who brought those spear points made of a metal which they call "guanin". So he sent sent samples to the king and queen for assay and which were found to have 32 parts - 18 of gold, 6 of silver, and 8 of copper. The results then were astonishing and the ratio or proportion of gold, silver and copper alloys were found to be identical (and the key word here is "identical") ...read more.

Middle

Then came the argument by many scholars who have tried to prove the impossibility of African people crossing the Atlantic Ocean successfully before Columbus. Two voyages across the Atlantic by Thor Heyerdahl in papyrus vessels, inscriptions found in Brazil, Peru and the United States, proven linguistic transfer into the native Amerindian languages, and numerous cultural evidences of Mandinka presence have established the contrary. Thor Heyerdahl in the 60s took a boat and went across by himself in a boat made of papyrus and he showed that you can get across the Atlantic with a Boat made of indigenous African Material and you don't have to be on the Nina, Pinto and Santa Maria of Christopher Columbus. The Mandinka made contact with the closest land mass to the West African coast, Brazil using water currents that exist between West Africa and the Coast of Brazil. They appear to have used it as a base for exploration of the Americas and traveled along rivers in the dense jungles of South America and overland till they reached North America. The following is part of a study done by Clyde Ahmad Winters on "the influence of the Mande languages on America". Many of the Mandinka (or Manding) cities of stone and mortar have been reclaimed by the jungle but a large number of these cities were seen by the early Spanish explorers and banderiristas (land pirates). It also seems that Manding explores under the Mansa's instructions explored many parts of North America. This is evident from the appearance of mounds throughout the United States, especially in the vicinity of the Mississippi river, which they used for exploring America. In Arizona, they left inscriptions, which show that the Manding explorers also brought a number of elephants of America with them. Writings and pictographs found in a cave at Four Corners, Arizona discuss the characteristics of the desert. Inscriptions reading: [The desert is hot. ...read more.

Conclusion

any one of those names then more than likely - you were Mullengeon which means that originally of Morescos decent and therefore Moorish and Muslim in origin. But these early Muslims and especially African Muslim went into rough times and persecution and identity crises arouse and as generations went by - these people gave themselves new identities . Slave Trade and arrival of Islam: Sylviane Diouf in his book tells us that the Salve trade brought African Muslims in the thousands into North America. When the first Africans were shipped to the New world, beginning in 1501, Islam was already well established in West Africa Scattered across every region of the Americas, the Muslims entered a hostile world - a world that enslaved free Muslim men and women; a white Christian world determined to wipe out any trace of paganism or "Muhammadinism" in the newly arrived Africans. It was essential that the new land become Christian as quickly as possible, because evangelization was a large part of the justification for the enslavement of the Africans. Also the fight against the possible spread of Islam had been an intense preoccupation in the Spanish colonies since the beginning of the 16th century. All the conditions were therefore present for a rapid disappearance of Islam in America. Some of these Muslims did survive the onslaught of Christian persecution. "Given the fact that many people perceive Islam to be a relatively new entity in America, it is very important to let people know that the history extends across 7 centuries. It's exciting knowledge and very revolutionary. So many Muslims have paved the way for this America we know. It is our obligation to make people aware that Muslims helped to build this country and therefore are a part of the mosaic of this country. Africa and the Discovery of America - By Leo Weiner African Presence in Early America - By Ian Van Sertima Saga America - By Barry Fell Servants of Allah - By Sylvianne Diouf 1 ...read more.

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