• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Irenaean theodicy - Questioning God.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1. (a) Outline & Justify the Irenaean theodicy (b) Outline & Justify Hicks vale of soul making 2. In your opinion does the "Irenaean type" of theodicy provide less stumbling for the religious believer than the free will believers? 1. (a) The Irenaean theodicy, begins with a clear distinction between the image of God and the likeness of God in man: * The image of God in man represents our ontological link with God as our creator who created us intelligent and capable of worship. * The likeness represents man's final perfecting by the Holy Spirit. The key point here is that Irenarus sees humans as being divinely created (ontology) with the ability to make moral choice and live free lives. But, humankind is "Only at the beginning of a process whereby we will grow and develop within our finite context. Thus we are only potentially the perfected being who God is seeking to produce." Also God has complete moral knowledge and we (humans) are too immature to believe it: "God has power at the beginning to grant perfection to man; but as the latter was only recently created, he could not possibly have received it, or even if he could have received it, could he have contained it, or containing it, could he have retained it." ...read more.

Middle

The second stage is of a different kind. It cannot be performed by omnipotent power as such, as personal life is essentially free and self-directing. It cannot be perfected by divine fiat, but only through the uncompelled responses and willing co-operation of human individuals in their actions and reactions in a world which God has placed them. An important point to raise here is that because the 2nd stage is driven by man we must have free will, so that we can get closer to God. And we "must" have free will, otherwise if God did it, it would be pointless. Hick uses a few key words which put forward his position: * Human Responsibility * Uncompelled responses / willing co-operation * Responsible choice * Freedom As the nature of the demands placed on human beings is such that they learn (Developmental), move towards the demands of their creator (Teleological / Goal) and then reach some unknown (or partially understood) reality beyond this life. Hick says that other theologians and philosophers of asking the wrong question about the nature and creation of the world. For example Hume's criticisms regarding the theistic creation of the world as examples of the imperfections which could suggest either God's ineptitude or non-participation in creation, or, moreover, his very non-existence, then evil would raise the same problems. ...read more.

Conclusion

This theodicy basically means that we start of immature and during our infinite life we mature and the sin goes. Ireneaus says that we need to have the option of good and evil, so we can become more mature and as a result we loose our sin. Sin accounts for us making the wrong decisions but Christ provided us with the knowledge to change our ways, so if we strive to be like Christ (mature) we shall loose our sin. "Evil can lead to good" The Irenaean theodicy I believe has more strengths than the Augustinian free will theodicy, the whole theodicy can be summed up into a simply. The Irenaean type of theodicy means by man develops morally and spiritually. Therefore God is not responsible for mans evil choices, therefore evil is teleological - it's purpose to facilitate growth. Both of these theodicys depend on the principle of free will - even if it that God created man in his perfect likeness, from which he fell through the inevitable use of his divinely given free will - or if man's moral development is evolutionary, that is, he has the capacity to grow into the likeness of God through the use of free will. I believe that Irenaeus' theodicy does show fewer stumbling blocks for a religious believer especially in the present day. R.S - Mr Maloney 29/10/01 David Shadbolt 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Present the strengths and weaknesses of Augustine's and Ireneaus' theodicy

    God left the world in the hands of angels and human beings and they have just abused Gods trust and his gift of freedom to them. Augustine had a strong point that angels and humans have created the evil and suffering in the world because they themselves had the free

  2. The Teleological Argument.

    Kant (1791) 'Critique of Pure Knowledge', says that the order we see in the world is made by us. As we look at something, we impose order and pattern and make assumptions about it, which may not necessarily be true.

  1. Explain the Ontological argument.

    Freud can contest Kant's apparent objective duty. Freud saw the conscience as being the product of the unconscious mind or the super ego. The super ego continues the work of the parents in limiting a person's behaviour. It develops in accordance with the conditioning received by a growing human being.

  2. A Big Bang Cosmological Argument for God's Nonexistence

    creation' but there is no converse entailment, since God can intervene in natural events or processes that are not governed by laws. Since the big bang singularity is governed by no law, God's constraint that this singularity emit a life-producing configuration would be an instance of an intervention that is not a nomological violation.

  1. There has and always will be questions about the beginning and the making of ...

    Although this calculation also gave the answer of God, it was much more intelligent than Aquinas's theory, but there was one more explanation to doubt God. Charles Darwin was born in 1809, and his theory is probably the most well-know and believed.

  2. Explain how natural evil may be seen as a challenge to belief in God ...

    he can easily stop it, and if he is all-loving and he cares for us why doesn't he stop it instead of putting us through all that trauma? This is a theological problem, as it challenges the nature of God.

  1. Bereshit, the first word in Genesis translates to "in a beginning"

    proves that the "one true God is the sole source of life and blessing, not the gods of fertility mistakenly worshipped by other nations"63. In both cases, the scholars feel that the Priestly author is trying to stop the Jews from straying from their faith because of the harsh exile they were living in at the time.

  2. Discuss Forsters view of humankind and its place in nature.

    Building on this ground, we know that a mythological creature called Pan appears in all three stores. Although this Faun does different things in each story he stands for the same meaning. Forster has put Pan in each of these stories as a God or Mother Nature.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work