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The Need For World Development.

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Introduction

THE NEED FOR WORLD DEVELOPMENT Development as a word means; The level of economic growth of a country or region and the processes of change taking place within it. The word Development can be classified into 3 areas which are:- i) The first world ii) The Second world iii) Third world THE FIRST WORLD:- A first world county is one which is fully developed economically examples of these countries are: > Japan > USA > Italy > United Kingdom THE SECOND WORLD:- A second world country is one which is fairly developed economically with most things in good order such as birth and death rates, examples of these countries are: > Mexico > Malaysia > Brazil THE THIRD WORLD:- A third world country is one which is economically backward, death and birth rates are high which means that the country finds it very hard to cope with big situations Examples of these countries are: > Egypt > India > Kenya > Bangladesh > Ethiopia The overall classification of these countries are made on the basis of the following points:- > Economic growth > Increased use of recourses > Modernisation > Technology > Political Freedom > Population Growth > Life Expectancy > Health > Education > Urbanisation > Income distribution > Energy Consumption Another type classification is measured through wealth these are:- Economically More Developed Countries (MEDCs) ...read more.

Middle

However, these banks charge interest, so that a less developed county can find it self paying more than they earn in a foreign currency. In the early seventies, for example, chile borrowed 3.9 billion dollars, by 1982; it paid back 12.8 billion dollars in interest and still owed money. EFFECTS OF POVERTY:- Poverty in a country or place can cause the following factors to occur:- > Crime > Illness > Alcoholism > Death/bad health > No Education Poverty can cause crime to occur because if somebody is poor and has no job or way of earning money then he/she may rob off people or can go crazy and do criminal damage. Poverty also obviously causes illnesses and diseases and because of this people can die. Alcoholism can also be introduced due to the stress of poverty on a person who cannot take it anymore. Due to poverty many people may die to lack of pure water and foods this can also damage health and is a cause of poverty. Poverty can also have an effect on education, due to poverty; one cannot educate himself due to bad health conditions for example. CAUSES OF POVERTY:- > Education > Wealth > Discrimination > Health & old age There can be many causes for poverty to occur in a country or place. ...read more.

Conclusion

Recourses are given by a rich donor country to a poor recipient country. In reality this aid is not given but is often tied. This means that the donor imposes conditions upon the recipient country. MULTILATERAL AID:- This is when the richer countries give money to international organisations such as the World Bank these organisations then redistribute the money to the poorer countries. NGO's:- The World Bank defines NGOs as "private organizations that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services, or undertake community development" (Operational Directive 14.70). In wider usage, the term NGO can be applied to any non-profit organisation, which is independent from government. NGOs are typically value-base. organisations, which depend, in whole or in part, on charitable donations and voluntary service. Although the NGO sector has become increasingly professionalised over the last two decades, principles of altruism and voluntarism remain key defining characteristics. In conclusion world poverty has been reviewed and is now known to be a very complex issue. Overall I think that poverty is made worse by the richer countries like USA or UK not helping but making things worse by deciding to go to war in the middle-east where most of the poverty is. This can only make matters worse. Aiding companies must try to help as much as possible by donating money to help. The richer countries can help by giving them money to make the world free from poverty. 1 ...read more.

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