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The Ontological Argument - Explain and Criticise.

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Introduction

The Ontological Argument Explain and Criticise The fundamental Ontological argument is hidden beneath the definition of God, it does not require evidence of any sort for it deduces the existence of God simply from the meaning of the word, "God". "God exists" is an analytical statement, as is the word spinster. We automatically know from the word spinster that she is a woman and that she is single. To say she was happy would be synthetic because we would have to observe her. The Ontological argument maintains that "God exists" is analytically true, we can find out whether God exists by coming to an understanding of the word "God". Anselm was a Christian theologian, with this argument he was not trying to prove the existence of God to Atheists, but was trying to reinforce God's existence to those who believed and in a way, make them realise it is sensible to believe in God. He attempts proof by looking at the concept of God, Anselm believed that in order for an atheist to deny God they must have had an initial concept of God in their mind in the first place in order for them to deny him. So, when they deny the existence of God and Anselm's conception they must first agree that they had an initial definition of God in order to deny. ...read more.

Middle

that the idea was any less perfect because it did not exist in reality. We are able to describe fictitious things without them actually existing and yet other people can understand that they are fictitious. However, Anselm had an answer to this; the island (perfect in every way) has a beginning and an end and is composed of parts, but God is unique. Anselm argued that Gaunilo's rejection of his argument was invaluable, it could not be applied to God because God is a unique being. Descartes reinforced the argument later on in his Meditations. In Descartes argument he made existence one of the predicates. A predicate is one of the characteristics in which feature on the object in question. For example, one person's predicates of God could be loving, caring, humane, optimistic etc but existence would always be a predicate of God. Descartes used an example of a triangle saying that the three angles of a triangle adding up to 180degrees make up the essence of a triangle, it would not be a triangle if it's three angles did not add up to 180. Similarly, God could not be thought of as God without being thought of as existing, existence is necessary to the idea and concept of God. ...read more.

Conclusion

God's existence is not possible 5. Therefore, God's existence is necessary From 1, Malcolm was implying that the concept of God cannot be a chance product. If the rest of the argument is right then God exists. Once one possesses the possibility of God then it is assumed that one is agreeing that God is necessary. Once one has a full understanding of God then God can exist. However, if this argument is true it destroys the point of religious faith, the relationship people have with God would be worthless. All the things that matter to a Christian, faith, prayer and trust are all elements in believing in God which are worth something to a Christian, but people would have no choice in believing in God, they will have to believe in God. Christians argue that God's existence should never be proven. In conclusion I believe this argument is irrelevant, I think God's existence should be intrinsic nothing can prove it apart from one's personal experiences and trust in God's power to help you through hard times. It would be nice if there was an all loving God, but how can you think that when such things as cancer and death and war are present wherever you go. If there is a God, where does God come from? God cannot have created himself before he had a 'self' to create with. Page 1 of 3 Samantha Johnson ...read more.

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