• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Orthadox Synagogue

Extracts from this document...


By Emily Houghton 10G a. (i) What does the word synagogue mean and how did it come into being? The synagogue is where a congregation or assembly of Jews meet for the purpose of worship, or the performance of religious rites. It is the visible focus of the community in an area. Most synagogues will be a combination of prayer hall, community centre, religious school, and library and meeting place. Synagogues emerged about 2,500 years ago when the Jewish people were exiled to Babylon and their temple destroyed. The temple was the centre of the Jewish faith and was situated in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah. It was an extremely important building which many people visited on pilgrimages. In the centre of the temple was the ark containing the Torah given to Moses by God. The temple was built by King Solomon but was later destroyed by King Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC, beyond repair. At the same time the Jewish people were taken captive and exiled to Babylon. Because they could no longer visit the temple the Jewish people met together in others houses as an attempt to keep their faith alive. These meetings later became formalised and specific places of worship were built, the beginning of the synagogue. ...read more.


However exceptions to this rule are candelabras and images of the Star of David. The Candelabras usually are a representation of the light that burned in the temple in Jerusalem; however there may be another Menorah which is used at the festival of Chanukah (the festival of lights in which the menorah burned for 8 days on oil only meant to last 2.) Unlike the candelabra which usually has flame shaped light bulbs and is electrically lit (to represent the idea of eternal light) the Menorah will have candle holders and there will be nine branches unlike the others 7 holders. b. Explain why Jews variously describe a synagogue as: ' House of Assembly', "House of study', and 'House of prayer'. What is the significance of these names for the life and belief of Jews today? The synagogue has many functions and is used by the community in many ways. It is a main focus of the Jewish faith and it has a great impact on the community. It is describe by many Jews as a House of Study, House of Prayer and House of Assembly. House of Prayer- Bet HaTefillah. The synagogue is the place where Jews will come to pray to God on the Sabbath and other annual festivals. ...read more.


They may also explore the other aspects of the Jewish religion. When converting to Judaism the person will have to be taught everything about the religion and the Rabbi will arrange for the teachings to take place. It is a religion very much based around knowledge and the understanding of what you are doing to respect and love God. The Rabbi will also help prepare young boys for their Bar Mitzvah. It is at the age of 13 that children become obligated to observe the Mitzvot and commandments. By becoming having a Bar Mitzvah the boy now has the right to take part in the Minyan during the services. In the ceremony he will be expected to read from the Torah, recite prayers and sing hymns. The Rabbi will help him learn about his faith whilst teaching him about his role in the community. House of Assembly- Bet HaKnesset. The synagogue is a place where Jews will meet for worship on regular services and annual services. However the synagogue is also used for many non-religious activities. It forms the focus of the community and is used for many functions and meetings. Events such as Bat/Bar Mitzvahs are held in the synagogue and the family of the boy or girl will often ask the community to share in their celebration. There may also be a Shabbat kiddushim banquets held in the honour of the bar or mat mitzvah. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Judaism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Judaism essays

  1. Pesach is the biggest of the three pilgrim festivals, along with Sukkot and Shavuot ...

    He saw a thornbush burst into flame and, although the bush continued to bush, it did not turn to ashes. Moses stepped closer to the thornbush, and as he did so, he heard the voice of God. God began to tell Moses that he had heard the cried of suffering

  2. Questions and answers on Synagogues.

    This is central so the whole congregation can see it well and be This is the table from which the torah is being read. This is the raised platform As shown in the diagram above, men and women must sit separately in the synagogue.

  1. What does the word 'synagogue' mean and how did synagogues come into being?

    The temple became the centre of Jewish religion. In about 586 BCE, it was partially destroyed following the Babylonian exile. The Jews in exile probably felt a need to meet together in order to keep their faith alive, and when they returned from the exile, brought with them the idea of 'gathering together'.

  2. A synagogue will look like any other building from the outside -

    which is the most important feature of the synagogue as it is where the torah is kept, these will be in the ark and are the Jewish 'bible.' The ark will be covered with a parachet (a curtain) you will know that this place is holy and important, as it

  1. Bar and Bat mitzvah

    * Orthodox and reformed have different rules and traditions as well as the kosher food laws. * Takes place when the girl is 12 * They learn about Jewish traditions and history and things in the home. * They sit separate from the men.

  2. Being Jewish in Britain today

    Living in a Christian country, the 0.5% of population of Jewish in Britain are often dislike or even hated by many of the 90% of the population of Christians. Many affairs occurred in the past lead to today's result. When William the Conquer landed in England in 1066, he brought many Jews with him.

  1. Reformed Jews and Orthodox Jews. Explain how the differing worship and lifestyle of these ...

    The Torah's insistence of "An eye for an eye", for example, was never meant to be taken literally, Moses was taught that it meant the financial value of the lost eye.

  2. Place of worship

    In addition they will learn about the Jewish customs and understand the importance of the festivals. It is important for Jewish boys to attend, as every boy will need to read the Torah and to speak Hebrew for his Bar Mitzvah.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work