• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The storm-troopers of the counter reformation. Is this an accurate description of the Jesuits?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Title: 'The storm-troopers of the counter reformation'. Is this an accurate description of the Jesuits? By Peter Downey The Jesuits were a spiritual movement of the sixteenth century. However the question arises that were the Jesuits a counter to the Protestant movement and were a group who were allowed to spearhead the Counter Reformation or were they a spiritual group who tried to convert people to a system of their believes? This writer will argue that the Jesuits were in fact a group who were a society that originated from the Catholic Reformation, a parallel spiritual movement in the church at this time, and later became entangled in the religious wars of Europe, which they became highly influential in, and therefore are considered to be the shock troopers of counter-reformation. The Counter Reformation is considered to be a reactive movement to the factions that had been aroused in the church due to the corruptions that had taken place in the church. The church had reacted to the growing problem of Protestant conversion. People had been becoming either Calvinists or Lutherans and the Church had been losing many of its followers to these 'heretic' sects. 'It was argued that the Catholic Church had mounted a coherent, military campaign to regain its lost territories...'1 However the Jesuits seemed to ...read more.

Middle

But within a year the men had resigned to the fact that they could not make it to the Holy Land. Nonetheless their time in Venice was not wasted they had gained a reputation as being great and noble men due to their humane acts towards the unfortunate of the city. The group of ten men then made their way to Rome where they would personally offer their services to the Pope. 'Paul III agreed to their establishment as the Society of Jesus in 1540. What was envisaged by Paul was a small brotherhood of up to 60 men who would carry out charitable works wherever and however he directed them. It was not imagined that this new organization would be more than very limited local significance'.5 It is this writer's belief that the dedication in which the Jesuits showed to the Pope is how they got involved in the Counter Reformation. The Jesuits had pledged their alliance to the Pope and the military like structure Loyola had implemented on the Jesuits meant that the Pope had a dominance over the Society of Jesus. Also the Jesuits firm belief in compliance, due its military structure, means they would definitely oppose the individuality preached by the Protestants. The Jesuits influence in the new European religious-political field was almost instant. ...read more.

Conclusion

The German campaign was on e of the major successes of the Jesuits in the Reformation. The reason why the Society of Jesus became such an important movement in the Counter Reformation was '...they proclaimed the paramount value of action...they understood the value of the practical adaptation of mean to an ends. They realized that individual efforts towards reformation would be unavailing if these were not co-ordinated and sanctioned from above; and hence, were more than any others they were instrumental in establishing the authority of the papacy on a firm basis'11. 1Keith Randell, The Catholic and Counter Reformations, 1990 p1 2 Pierre Janelle The Catholic Reformation 1963 p183 3 Keith Randell, The Catholic and Counter Reformations, 1990 p1 4 Keith Randell, The Catholic and Counter Reformations, 1990 p72 5 Keith Randell, The Catholic and Counter Reformations, 1990 p73. 6 Keith Randell, The Catholic and Counter Reformations, 1990 p73 7 Marvin R. O'Connell, The Counter reformation 1559-1610, p108 8 Keith Randell, The Catholic and Counter Reformations, 1990 p84 9 Keith Randell, The Catholic and Counter Reformations, 1990 p87 10 Keith Randell, The Catholic and Counter Reformations, 1990 p89 11Pierre Janelle The Catholic Reformation 1963 p183 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Places of Worship section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Places of Worship essays

  1. Describe the development of the doctrines of Christ and of the Trinity during the ...

    To say that God is at the head (sovereignty) and of the Son as being of a secondary being. Related to God but as a "first among creatures, through whom God created all else" (Richardson-Bowdon. 2001. P.40). Later Neo-Arians changed in views to that of the Sons divinity being begotten and not bestowed.

  2. English Reformation

    Protestant conviction, despite the fact that the prevalence of heresy oscillated according to the force of official scrutiny. His attacks against the authorities of the Church are applicable in some areas; Wolsey was a prime example of a pluralist and absentee, who was deemed as a lordly prelate.

  1. How successful was the Council of Trent in the years 1545-1563 in tackling the ...

    Including pilgrimages, charitable deeds, indulgences and repenting from sin. The Protestants believed in Justification by faith, God would know if you had done wrong. At Trent they accepted the catholic view of sin and rejected the Protestant view. If the protestant view had been accepted then there would have been

  2. Galileo: Heretic?

    Even though this publication offered support to the Copernican argument, it showed no commitment on Galileo's part. He was not declaring that the system was correct, but that it need not be deemed impossible. If Galileo had been wary of staying away from controversy these matters, he could have relaxed

  1. "The Internal weaknesses of the Catholic Church were the real reasons for the German ...

    the faults of the papacy were a real cause of the Reformation. Mullett seems to agree with Randell that it was not the state of the Church, as it was not widely known and there is little evidence to support many claims about the Popes misconduct.

  2. How useful are the secondary sources provided in understanding Medieval Monasticism compared with the ...

    I have compared both the secondary sources and the site of Fountains Abbey whilst considering their utility on understanding Medieval Monasticism. I believe that each reference is useful in some manner, and whilst trying to deliberate the four main factors of medieval monasticism I believe that none of the individual

  1. The Progression of Christianity from The Apostolic era - The Lutheran Reformation.

    There was a turn from The Apostolic Christianity of love, equality and worship of God, to a Christianity that preached that man was never fully forgiven his sins and needed to work to reduce the punishments he would receive in the afterlife.

  2. To what extent did Ferdinand and Isabella succeed in dealing with religious problems in ...

    a deliberate policy to strengthen the church, which would in turn support the crown. The prime target of the inquisition in its early years were the conversos; in Barcelona from 1488-1505, 1200 people were tried by the inquisition, of whom only 8 were not conversos.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work