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The use and effectiveness of contraceptives.

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Introduction

THE USE AND EFFECTIVENESS OF CONTRACEPTIVES Contraception has been used now for hundreds of years and is used to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Contra, meaning against and ception, meaning conceiving. They continue to be developed and new methods continuing to be discovered. Condoms were first thought to have been used by the well-known lover, Casanova. He used fabrics made from fine linens sewn together. There are around twenty different options of contraception that are available to men and women today, and different methods are used by different people for various reasons. Whether it is cultural, race or ethnical, or just choice, there is probably one for every body. The various types of contraceptive can be put into 4 groups. They are: > Behavioural- Withdrawal - Abstention - Rhythm method. > Physical-Cap (diaphragm)- Condom (male and female)- IUD. > Medical-Oral pill- Morning after pill -Injection. > Surgical-Sterilization - Vasectomy - Norplant implant - Abortion. Behavioural This category requires a great deal of will power and effort on behalf of the man and the woman. They all have more negatives than positives because each one requires control and commitment and cannot be guaranteed to be effective forms of contraception. ...read more.

Middle

Although this is a very reliable method of contraception it is not suited to all women as it can cause long, heavy, painful periods. It is usually offered to women who have already had one or more children. Medical Combined pill - contains two hormones, oestrogen and progesterone that stop's the ovaries producing eggs. It sends false signal's to the hypothalamus, which tricks the brain into thinking there has been no ovulation. This type of contraception was first bought over the counter in Great Britain in 1961. It was a minor miracle for women in the 60's. They no longer had to worry about getting pregnant, and to take a pill every morning was hassle free. It proved to be one of the most popular forms of contraceptives, although it was thought to promote promiscuity as women could have sexual intercourse without having the worries of getting pregnant and so slept with more men. It is almost 100% reliable if taken regularly each day. It will make menstruation lighter and less painful and has very few side effects. ...read more.

Conclusion

A majority of abortions are carried out on young women or girls who have been given wrong or misleading information or have ignored the good advice they have been given. There are clearly enough contraceptive methods available today to be able to make an informed choice whether or not to have children. With all the information available, there really should be no excuse for unwanted pregnancies. If we inform our children/teenagers about the dangers and pleasures of sexual intercourse as early as they are able to cope with, then there is no basis for unsafe sex or abortions. Perhaps we should take a leaf out of the Europeans book. They don't censor naked bodies but they do sensor violence; teenagers are more likely to have sex 2 years later than the American's (about 15.8) and they don't have a high rate of sexually transmitted diseases or unwanted pregnancies. Instead they actively promote sex, it is available to watch on television 24/7, and prostitution is legal. Maybe if England were to have a lighter attitude towards the most natural instinct there is, then maybe we wouldn't have so many unwanted, teenage pregnancies. Internet site where I retrieved some of the information for the essay http://www.ask.co.uk/metasearch.asp?aj_product=IndexSearch&MetaEngine=Teoma&EngineOrdinal=2&ItemOrdinal=5&m=10&AdServerCode=&MetaURL=http%3A%2F%2Fwww%2Ecwrl%2Eutexas%2Eedu%2F%7Eulrich%2Ffemhist%2Fbirth%5Fcontrol%2Eshtml__score_0.61__&MetaTopic=Women%27s+History+Then+%26+Now+%2D+Birth+Control&ask=history%2Bof%2Bthe%2Bcontraceptive%2Bpill%2Bin%2Bengland&LogId=EBB600205ABE0D489D3F74DD2C0C0550&origin=0&qsource=4&qcategory=EDU_&aj_is=no&rf=&x=false&uk=false Kerry Milton 11/5/03 ...read more.

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