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GCSE: Abortion and other medical issues
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On the whole abortion is looked upon by most Christians as a last resort and that people should be encouraged to put their child up for adoption if they are not able or not wiling/ wanting to have the child themselves, so it would not be a waste of life and that the life would be wanted by a couple and not felt like a burden.
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'Straight surrogacy' is when your partner's sperm is conceived with the surrogates' eggs. This would mean that the surrogate mother will be the biological mother. 'Host surrogacy' is when the natural mother and father give their own eggs and sperm and place that into the surrogate mother. Therefore, the surrogate mother will not be biologically related. Artificial Insemination by Husband treatment (AIH) is when the sperm is put into the woman by a tube, rather than natural sex. This is by using the husbands' sperm. . Artificial Insemination by Donor treatment (AID) is when the sperm is put into the woman by a tube, rather than natural sex but this time it's by using a donor's sperm.
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Therefore is it right to kill a foetus? Also when should the abortion occur? The law states it should be before 24 weeks, but many believe it should be earlier or you that you should be able to choose when to abort. There are many different religious views on abortion. Roman Catholics and Conservative Protestants follow the 'pro-life movement', which means that they believe that abortion is always wrong, regardless of the consequences anyone may face. Roman Catholics are absolutists and they believe that life is sacred. The foetus is already a human being and it should not be taken away unless it is God's doing.
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Many would argue that the mothers life is also more important than the fetus' - the mother is already established in the world, has directly influenced the people and community around her, and has already established bonds with people who would be absolutely overcome with grief at her death, whereas the fetus is yet to influence the world, and would not cause anywhere near as much grief as the mother's death would. The mother already has responsibilities in the world, whereas the fetus is merely hindering those responsibilities by causing physical pain and suffering upon the mother, as well as preventing many of these responsibilities' undertaking in the latter stages of pregnancy.
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'Sanctity of life' refers to the idea that life is sacred, an idea that is highly prioritised in Islam, and in turn, many, or even most Muslim scholars agree that a foetus is a soul, a human life. However, the actual point of becoming as valued as a human is disputed. Some scholars believe it to be 120 days, whereas others believe it to be 40 days. Another opinion is when the baby voluntarily moves inside the womb. There are situations in Islam, however, where abortion is permitted, and indeed recommended.
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The chance of a baby seems great through catholic eyes and they should be accepted and looked after, not aborted etc. Although Catholics feel strongly about life beginning at contraception many other people also agree with it too. It is a classic point of view and many people feel sound about it. Some people say that that fetus's can even start to feel pain and have a heart beat at a very early age. Because of this they feel that the fetus is a life and therefore life definitely starts at contraception.
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So if a woman was to have an abortion it would be seen as if she was trying to go against god or even play god. On the other hand some Christians (e.g. protestants) believe that the stage at which life begins cannot be distinguished and therefore see abortion as ok depending on the circumstances e.g.
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The fact that he gave humans his image and not an entirely different one shows how much he cares about them and it also mention in the bible that 'you are worth more than many sparrows'. This also proves that humans are sacred and special in god's eyes. But on the other hand, Christians (Protestants) would see using embryo's for stem cells as acceptable, as they don't believe that the point at which life begins can be clearly defined.
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Abortion, the contention: A Christian could never agree to having an abortion is difficult to find a definitive, clear-cut answer.
Why is it that they are often given a lot of care and protection in order to protect them from harm? Why is it that so many women and men are devastated by miscarriages? The foetus is developing into a human being in the womb. It could even be argued that it is a developing human being. Sure, the foetus may not even have a consciousness until Weeks 21 - 36, but bear in mind that the possibility of survival of a premature birth at 21 weeks is slim but still very feasible; at 21 weeks, a baby could already be independent of its mother's body - a real human being.
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Abortion. The Catholic Church has always condemned the act of abortion. It is seen as an evil act against humanity,
For Against If raped shouldn't be forced to have the baby. A Fetus has a right to life It 's the mother choice Encourages unsafe sex It's a safe medical procedure Possibility for adoption of the baby Offers teenage mothers a brighter future It's a form of murder May cause the mother to experience, depression, anxiety or psychological trauma Can result in medical complications later Go's against the 5th commandment The Fetus has equal rights as it's mother Every child is a gift from God The Catholic Church and Abortion The Catholic Church has always condemned the act of abortion.
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They believe that cloning can be conducted ethically in order to help treat disease and improve the public health. Hindu point of view In the Hindu world, objections to human cloning rise from a different religious belief. All cloning research violates a major principle of Hinduism: doing no harm to other humans. Human cloning experiments, during which a large percentage of the clones die ahead of time or have serious birth defects, obviously violate this principle. Animal cloning, many experts say, would involve the same failure rate. As a result, most Hindus reject all cloning, including human cloning.
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She has not got a stable life at the moment. She is still living at home and going to university. She has no intention of bringing up a child at this stage of her like and has no partner to her look after the child. Should she go off and have the baby and it a hard upbringing? Or should she have an abortion and then after she gets a job, a husband and a steady like give birth. Many people would say abortion is the best choice. There are strong religious views regarding abortions.
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On the other hand supporters of abortion believe that the law does not go far enough and that abortion should be made more readily available. Although abortion is easily available within Great Britain, it is not obtainable in Northern Ireland unless serious complications may arise. Supporters of abortion feel that the situation is inadequate since it is out of step with the rest of the U.K. Yet many women from Northern Ireland travel over to Britain in order to receive an abortion, some even say this discriminates those who cannot afford to travel.
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We get these ideas from our families, own experiences & from reading the sacred texts. How do people experience God? * Miracle * Experiencing God * A wonder / supernatural happening * Act of benevolence * An act of generosity from God * An inner feeling * People just feel that God is there to support them etc * * Prayer * A way of thinking about God, feeling him, building a relationship with him * Worship * A direct relationship with God * A way of communicating * Reading the sacred texts * They have special meanings for different
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Explain the beliefs Christians believe about their responsibility for people at the beginning and the end of their lives.
God himself decided on them as he said "Before I formed you in the womb, I knew you". Even before the conception God already prepared a mission for us and decided on the special talents that we will receive. That means that from this moment a baby in the womb in the eyes of a Christian is as much of a person as any other Christian - it is unique and individual even though it may be only few minutes old.
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These will cost in between £800 - £3000 but there is no guarantee process. Fertilisation takes place naturally. But there is only 17% success. Medical technology has provided many solutions which are known as EMBRYO TECHNOLOGY. One embryo technology is In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF), this is using when an egg from the woman is fertilises outside the womb using either the husband's or a donor's sperm and then replaced in the womb. In 1979, the first test tube was born by using the IVF. From October 1998, the government ordered an investigation into sperm and egg donation.
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Every decision to perform euthanasia always provokes a great world-wide discussion on the subject. Many things make the morality of euthanasia questionable, the teachings of Jesus being one of the most important for the Christians. As we read in the Bible, Simons Mother in law was seriously sick and lying in bed with a fever; as soon as Jesus arrived he was told about her state. He went into her room and took her by hand - immediately the fever was gone and she felt well again.
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Artificial insemination (AI) is a technique which places sperm into the female genital tract8. AID is the process by which sperm is donated by an anonymous man and is then put into the mother by mechanical means. A catheter is inserted into the woman's womb to deposit the sperm sample directly into the uterus. AIH, also known as homologous insemination9, is a similar process, whereby the husband's sperm is inserted into his wife by the same means. Explain Christian attitudes, and the attitudes of one other religion, to these treatments.
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But is this placing too much power in the hands of the scientists? Catholics believe that it is wrong to create a perfect world " who are we to straighten what god has made crooked" God has created genetic makeup so they think that we have no right to change that. Catholics think that life begins at conception and by creating the perfect baby, it destroys embryos and this is seen as being no different from abortion. In the catholic religion, the main purpose of marriage is to have children but if science were used instead of sex and natural causes then this would be going against that reason.
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The Bible says "Share with all your neighbours wherever they maybe." Jesus explained in the parable of the Sheep and the Goats that we would be judged on how well we had helped the poor. Jews are taught they should be fair and kind to the poor who have a right to share in the good things of the earth. The Torah says Jews have to share their wealth with the poor. Muslims must share their wealth as it is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
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However, some people in need have to wait until the donor dies and they can be 'harvested'. There are varying religious views on these transplant surgeries but mostly religious people agree with it. For example Christians and Jews believe that it is a way of "loving your neighbour". Only some Muslims allow transplant surgery using organs from a living donor provided that the donor is a close relative. Some religious people have problems with transplant of organs from a dead person.
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Infertility in women is mainly due to endometriosis, fallopian tubal disease e.g. blocked tubes or complete hysterectomy. Also substance abuse such as smoking, alcohol, drugs etc as well as health problems e.g. cancer STD like clamidia can affect fertility. However 30% of infertility cases are unexplained but that does not mean that infertility cannot be successfully overcome as medical technology has now provided many solutions which are known as embryo technology. There are various treatments available for infertile couples. In-vitro fertilisation (IVF)
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Explain the attitudes of Christianity and one other faith to the treatments available for infertility
Thus they do not approve of unused embroys being thrown away, which sometimes happens after IVF or embryos being manipulated i.e. frozen or discarded as the fertilised ovum deserves the same rights as those given by the Human Rights Act of 1998. Moreover they believe that God created/wanted sex for procreation rather then the means used for infertility treatemnet. This belief is supported by many references in Bible, e.g. "Abraham and Hagar having Ishmael as Sarah was barren" (Genesis 16:1-2), about "procreation" within a committed relationship thus this results in problems for the infertility treatements including surrogacy, embryo and egg donation.
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Many of these arguments occur between Christians. Most Christians agree with transplant surgery and some also carry donor cards, meaning that their organs can be used after their death, however some have concerns for the issue. For example some Christians have problems with using organs and tissue from dead people, but accept transplants using organs or tissue from living relatives. They have this attitude because, Christians believe that organs such as the heart are an intrinsic part of the individual who has been created by God.
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It is often the case when one of the parents is infertile and so need to have a donor sperm or egg in which case the baby will not be 100% theirs and that it will have another person's genes in it meaning that it will be another person's baby. If this is the case then couples should adopt because that would be the most logical answer as you are giving a baby which has already been born a home rather than giving birth to another baby which still won't be yours.
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