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GCSE: Charities, Poverty and Development

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  1. Religion: Wealth and Poverty.

    Zakah is paid after the nisab has been reached and is only paid once a year. Allah in the Quran determines the distribution of Zakah: '' Alms are for the poor and the needy, and those employed to administer the funds: for those whose hearts have been recently reconciled to the Truth; for those in bondage and in debt in the cause of Allah and for the wayfarer Thus is ordained by Allah. And Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.'' Al-Quran 9:60 Sadaqah is not compulsory, but is greatly blessed as the giver is making a sacrifice of their wealth.

    • Word count: 1396
  2. 'A visit to Swarthmoor Hall reveals the lifestyle of a wealthy Country Gentry family in the early 17th Century' how far do you agree with this statement? Give reasons for your answer.

    The table top is made from a different wood to the legs. The top has a smooth side for posh occasions and a rough side for everyday use. This shows wealth and status as they would have needed servants to keep the tabletop smooth, and it showed they did have important occasions. This is a Country Gentry style thing as the nobility would have had separate rooms for important occasions and their everyday use. The table legs were made of oak, but the table top was made of cedar, an imported wood - this shows a sign of wealth as it would cost a lot to import wood.

    • Word count: 1083
  3. Outline Christian and Jewish teaching on wealth and poverty.

    To which God replied, "Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?" The morale of this story is that although he has acquired so much and he believes he will be happy with all his possessions, when the he dies all these possessions which belonged to God already will be still be Gods and the fool will be left with nothing. One of the popular teachings about the dangers of money is in 1 Timothy 6:10.

    • Word count: 1609
  4. Religion and Wealth and Poverty.

    lots of riches. The most important thing is that you lead a good holy life on earth so that you will have a good eternal life in heaven. So in this story money is not described as evil but no the most important thing in one's life in comparison with your Christianity. Another important parable, which comments on wealth and Christianity is James 2 : 14 - 17, 'faith by itself, if not companied by action, is dead!' This quotation means that if you have faith an wealth you don't have real faith.

    • Word count: 1963
  5. Are the absolutely affluent morally obligated to help the absolutely poor? Consider how Rachels and Nozick might respond to Singers argument.

    In "Rich and Poor," Singer's basic principle is that when something is within one's power to prevent anything very bad from happening, without sacrificing anything of comparable moral significance, one ought to do so. He uses the example of a professor coming across a drowning child on a way to a lecture. The only thing the professor is sacrificing by saving the life of the child is being late to the lecture or having to postpone it, which is obviously not equal to the life of a child.

    • Word count: 1096
  6. In order for the charitable trust to be valid several factors have to be established for it can be held to be valid. It must be for public benefit, purpose must be charitable and it must be exclusively charitable.

    It was further recognised that charities were able to allow recreational activities with the introduction of the Recreational Charities Act 1958, and even before this4. S. 1(2) states that the facilities must be for improving social life in the following circumstances (a) persons have need for such facilities by reason of youth, age, infirmity or social and economic circumstances, or (b) the facilities are available to members of the public at large. However, for the gift from Albert to be charitable the gift would have to be beneficial to the community.

    • Word count: 1938
  7. Benjamin Franklin - A wealthy man with a rich character.

    These guidelines contained thirteen virtues which he followed to the best of his ability. It was a "bold and arduous Project of arriving at moral Perfection (84)." In this guideline of virtues, Franklin lists Industry and Frugality. His definition of Frugality goes, "Make no Expence but to do good to others or yourself: i.e. Waste Nothing (85)." Following this virtue was beneficial to Franklin throughout his entire life. While still a printer, he was able to make a steady income by avoiding unnecessary pleasures, such as drinking and gambling, and unneeded material possessions.

    • Word count: 1348
  8. Outline a Muslim teaching on wealth and poverty, Explain why there is a need for world development, Analyse and explain the work of ONE Muslim agency working for world development.

    * "Hajj" this is when a Muslim performs the holy pilgrimage to Mecca, the house of Allah. Giving charity is recognized all over the world, and in many religions giving charity is compulsory. Even people with no faith recognize generosity as a unique quality. Islam is a religion which acknowledges the importance of giving charity. Zakat is the third obligatory pillar of Islam; Zakat is an act of generosity towards people in poverty, in order for any Muslim to perform Zakat it is important for them to have reached the Nisab which is a certain amount of wealth, 2.5% of your wealth is the minimum amount and qualifies for Zakat.

    • Word count: 1198
  9. Equality and Inequality - "Reply to an Angry Letter"

    In the cities of Africa the real causes of poverty are many such as environmental degradation, imbalances in power, wealth and even no access to knowledge. Poverty doesn't just mean people who have missed a couple of meals you know. I think you yourself are exaggerating there. People in poor countries such as Africa don't just miss a few meals. They are highly underweight and are suffering from malnutrition. Malnutrition in its many forms persists in virtually all the poor countries of the world in spite of a general improvement in food supplies and health conditions, and the increased availability of educational and social services.

    • Word count: 1812
  10. 'Religion: Wealth and Poverty'

    As direct interpreters of God's words the prophets also defend the poor, so this shows us that we should also defend the poor, as seen in Isaiah 10: 2, 'suppress the claims of the poor and refuse redress to the humble folk; the widow you spoil, the orphan your prey.' In the New Testament when we hear the words of Christ he says, 'you cannot serve both God and money,' (Matthew 13: 18-23) he means that whatever wealth you have it should never come before your duty as a Christian.

    • Word count: 1751
  11. Economics basic quesions.

    They are those who are unable to afford a certain standard of living at a particular time. As a result they are unable to participate in the usual activities of the society. Absolute poverty is rare in the UK, although evidence suggests that it has been growing since 1979. The main indicator or absolute poverty in the UK is homelessness. There are no reliable estimates of the numbers of people who live 'rough' on the streets of our cities, but at the end of 1993 there ere 58 400 people according to government figures who were living in temporary accommodation such as hostels and refuges.

    • Word count: 1103
  12. Health in London between 1850 and 1910 - source based work.

    SOURCE C - SHOW HOW THIS SOURCE COULD BE USED TO SUPPORT YOUR ANSWERS TO QUESTION 2a. (3) Looking back at question 2a the surgeons had a lack of knowledge and were ignorant of new ideas, so they are preventing progress. They would not be prepared to change compared to source c they also had lack of knowledge because they used the same medicine for everything which was cheap and ineffective. In East London there were a lot of poor people who couldn't afford medicines and doctors so they had to make their own homemade medicines.

    • Word count: 1844
  13. The origins of social security lie much further back in our social history than the Beveridge Report - Explain and discuss this statement.

    This Poor Law provided two forms of relief, Outdoor relief was provided in the shape of cash, food or clothing. Indoor relief was the integration of peasants into almshouses. This policy required the able-bodied to do some sort of work, to try to keep funding costs low and to change attitudes, although the attitudes towards the poor in general were still very negative. Although support was provided in the form of Indoor and Outdoor relief and taxes used to fund them, the provision became very expensive and many resented paying the rates as they felt that it was not their problem.

    • Word count: 1189
  14. Wealth and poverty within religion.

    The New Testament of the bible was written in Greek. Greek unlike English has more then one word for love so is hard to translate. Amongst "agape" which is the love Jesus taught there is eros which is romantic love, philia which is friendship and storge for family affection. This kind of love (agape) can be seen in the "Parable of the Good Samaritan". It teaches that two people just walked past and this shows that they didn't "Love their neighbour" whereas the Good Samaritan obviously did believe in what Jesus had taught as he stopped to help the man who had been attacked and took him to a near by inn and looked after him.

    • Word count: 1224
  15. This essay outlines, contrasts and critically discusses two definitions of poverty, namely absolute and relative. The essay initially seeks to define the political standing of poverty.

    One, which straddles income, public services and jobs'. (Tony Blair, Prime Minister 18 Sept 2002). Tony Blair made the above statement in the opening few sentences of a speech that he made when he spoke of the publication of the governments 4th annual Poverty Report. This political statement shows just how complex the notion of poverty is and how many variables that can be used to define it. Poverty, its definition and status within the United Kingdom and globally has been seen as a pawn in the political minefields of the worlds governments.

    • Word count: 1708
  16. Religion wealth and poverty the need for world development.

    * To get money into the less developed countries they need to sell products grown in their land to the more developed countries around the world. For example the UK buys most of its tea from India. India has taken up land to feed the British rather than the starving people in its own country. * There are also problems of health, too many children, lack of education etc., which prevent the country from developing. To overcome these problems the world needs to be interdependent and help and sometimes rely on each other rather than using each other for slavery, business and money.

    • Word count: 1440
  17. Outline and assess the view that poverty is caused by economic inequality rather than cultural attitudes and lifestyles.

    This is a Weberian approach and Peter Townsend stated that poverty is part of the class inequality created by the labour market in capitalist economies. He argued that most of the groups in poverty are either excluded from the labour market (for example, the elderly, unemployed and long-term sick) or are in a weak position in the labour market, (for example, unskilled, ethnic minorities, and females). Townsend stated that poverty is closely related to class and that the poor usually work in unskilled jobs and groups like women or blacks have big disadvantages in the labour market, they are excluded from job opportunities which are open to others and therefore form an underclass.

    • Word count: 1703
  18. Christians and wealth and poverty, Christians believe that a person's value should be judged by their actions and not by money or possessions.

    Zakah is the third pillar of Islam; it is the giving of 2.5% of their wealth a year. This is if you can afford it, it goes to benefit the poor. It shows you worship Allah and it purifies the giver. It also gives great happiness to the giver as they have helped the poor. They also try and do a good deed like going to volunteer into a charity, it is done for the sake of Allah and it doesn't have to involve money. This is called Sadaqah. In the Qu'ran, Surah 2:274 " those who in charity spend of their goods by night and by day, in secret and in public, have their lord".

    • Word count: 1702
  19. Christians believe that wealth is something, which can be used for good or for evil, and so, in itself is not a bad thing. Christians can only gain money in lawful and moral ways and when they have wealth, it is a gift from God not theirs alone.

    Jesus also told the parable of the shepherd and the goats which was the about the end of the world. He said everyone would be judged for his or her good and bad deeds. He said that the shepherd would split the good and the bad people up like sheep and goats. All the good would be sent to heaven while all the bad would be sent to hell. This was because the good had helped the poor and needy when they needed it most and the bad did not.

    • Word count: 1179
  20. The need for world development.

    As a result of this one fifth of the worlds population suffer from hunger and malnutrition which kills 35,000 people a day! Enough food is produced in the world to feed everyone-but sometimes we seem to have the wrong priorities. There are a number of different why some countries are less developed than others, like: Unfair trade * Rich countries pay the lowest possible price for goods/crops etc that they from poorer countries e.g. * When you pay �1.00 for bananas, only about 10% goes to the growers and the pickers of the item.

    • Word count: 1773
  21. Wealth and Poverty

    He says that there will come a day when all people will come before him to be judged, and that he will separate the good from the bad. He will say to the good: "When I was hungry, you fed me; when I was thirsty, you gave me water; when I was naked, you clothed me; when I was sick or in prison you visited me" He will then send the good people to heaven, leaving the bad by his side.

    • Word count: 1934
  22. In Christianity wealth is perceived in many ways for instance, a person/country that is very wealthy can use their money for good or evil.

    One of the pillars of Islam is to pay Zakat; this basically means every person has to give 2.5% of their wealth to the poor. Sadqah is very similar this is where a Muslim gives out food to the poor instead of money. In Islam people are not judged for how much money they have earned but instead they are judged for all good deeds they done such as praying five times a day. Muslims can only earn money in the lawful ways just as the same as Christianity.

    • Word count: 1469
  23. Outline Christian teaching, and the teaching of one other religion, on wealth and poverty.

    For love of money is a root of all kinds of evil." The Islamic attitude towards wealth and poverty is similar to that which is Christianity. Islam says those who are rich are equal to those who have little or no money, because on the day of judgement - your actions in life will be taken into account - not your financial status. Muslims have two ways in which money is transferred to the poor; through Sadaqah and Zakat. Sadaqah is where you give money to the poor, or food instead of money, in the aim will accept your deed and help an ill family member.

    • Word count: 1845
  24. The Need For World Development.

    Economically Less Developed Countries (LEDCs) MEDCs:- Include the richer, more industrialized nations of the so-called developed 'North', i.e. USA, UK, Germany and Japan. LEDCs:- Include the poorer, less industrialized nations which have homeless and starving people of the so-called developing 'south' i.e. India, Sudan, and Kenya. WHY ARE SOME COUNTRIES LEDCS WHILE OTHERS ARE MEDCS? The wealth of a country is measured by its gross national product per capita, i.e. it's GNP per person. Te GNP per capita is the total value of goods produced and services provide by a country in a year, divided by the total number of people living in that country.

    • Word count: 1427
  25. What is poverty in Islam?

    to Allah because he gave us life so to him we shall return Some people are poor and some people are rich and therefore they are treated and rated differently. However, in Allah's eyes they are the same. When you are rich Allah gives you a test and wants to see how grateful you are and how you treat your wealth, when you are poor it is a test of patience, how grateful you can be for at least how much you have.

    • Word count: 1555

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