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GCSE: Charities, Poverty and Development
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Undershaft is a great arms industrialist in Europe. He is a strong man who has learnt by experience that his natural grip hurts ordinary people. Undershaft believes that greater power and money are the elements that controls the world-not the Salvation Army of God. One of his ideas that echoes throughout the play is that "the greatest of our evils and the worst of our crimes is poverty (137)". Shaw compared the differences in dreams from the Salvation Army and the dreams that a person can carry out by his/her self.
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held 21% of the national income. In 1995 this figure had increased to 27% of the national income. Conversely, those in the bottom decile (e.g.. a pensioner with a basic pension of just �58.85 in 1997) accounted for only 4% of the national income in 1979. However, by 1995 this had almost halved to only 2.2% of the national income held by the bottom tenth of the population. These figures suggest a trend known as economical polarization, whereby the wealth of the economic elite is increasing at the expense of the lower deciles of society.
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Then as they grew they started helping poorer people overseas. They aim not to merely give grants and encourage dependency but to try and help third world countries to become self-sufficient. They do this by helping to start long-term projects that will eventually result in the area becoming more stable and being in a position from which to build a better future with more opportunities.
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Also, local communities are shattered and amenities decline. One other point is that people turn to abuse of drugs, alcohol and even suicide because of the effects of unemployment. It seems tragic that in a society where so many people are overworked, people aren't able to share jobs, giving work to everyone, and thus giving everyone a sense of purpose and fulfilment. Work has been described as a 'purposeful activity'. Some of work is play and rest, whereas other parts of work are thinking and using one's mind.
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Consequently the Americans tried to find Bin Laden in Afghanistan; they bombed many places such as caves and consequently many innocent people were killed. And then, America and the whole world are against the Taliban group. This means that war will nerve stop, unless one side make peace with the other, but that at the moment is definitely impossible. Jealousy can be either a good thing or a bad thing. It is good because it can make people to want to reach higher and be better than other people.
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Explain:A. How Human Greed and Selfishness is to blame for World Poverty.B. What can inspire some Christians to Care for the Needy.
The reasons why certain countries are rich and others are poor, creating poverty, are varied. The richest countries in the world are mainly in the "west": the USA, Great Britain, France and Germany. Oil-rich countries such as Saudi Arabia have acquired funds simply from extracting "black gold" and selling it to the countries of the west. Normally, a country is rich because of its geography and history. Although even a country that is perfectly placed must have a history of greed to obtain and maintain wealth and comfort.
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averaged to live up to or more than 70 years, * Most people are educated at a primary or secondary school, * Over 90% of the worlds manufacturing industry, * About 96% of the world's spending on research and development, * It dominates most of the international economic system and institutions of trade, money and finance. South * 75% of the world's population, * Earns 20% of the world's income, * A person is averaged to live up to 50 years, * 20% or more people suffer from hunger and malnutrition.
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1 John 3:17 'If anyone has material possessions and sees his brother in need but has no pity on him, how can the love of God be in him?' we are told we need to be filled with God's love and compassion when we give money to charity or to help others, and not do it for our own praise and our motives should not be self centred. In Acts Chapter 4 Barnabus helps all the believers he knew, so he helped those around him, and they all shared what they owned and no one claimed anything as their own, so there were no needy people.
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Smith was appointed professor of logic in 1751 and then professor of moral philosophy in 1752 at the University of Glasgow. He later systematized the ethical teachings he had advocated in his lectures and published them in his first major work, Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759). In 1763 he resigned from the university to accept the position of tutor to Henry Scott, 3rd duke of Buccleuch, whom he accompanied on an 18-month tour of France and Switzerland. Smith met and associated with many of the leading Continental philosophers of the Physiocratic School, which based its political and economic doctrines on the supremacy of natural law, wealth, and order.
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Also, in the New Testament, John the Baptist told those who came to be baptised "He who has two coats let him share one to him who has none. And he, who has food, let him do likewise"(Luke 3 v11). This has the same meaning as the last quote. "He who mocks the poor, insults his maker. He who is glad at calamity will not go unpunished" (Proverbs 17 v5). This is saying that if you make fun or laugh at the poor you are also insulting God.
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He followed Marx's ideas. The 3 characteristics of the society were that they had secular ideas from the Renaissance times, effective transportation system, and natural resources. But Weber noticed that even communist societies held the same characteristics as the capitalists. Weber got interested because he noticed how ingredients were missing from Marx's theories and wanted to find the missing pieces to the puzzle. Therefore, Weber concluded that there had to be more "ingredients" in creating a capitalistic nation. He noted that most of the capitalists were Protestants.
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This shows us that more people live in poverty than in wealth. Christians insist that it is incorrect to speak about a divided world, but of one world. We as Christians believe that we all live under the Fatherland of God, and the Brother/Sister land of human kind. All Christians are created in the image and likeliness of God. (Genesis 1) and therefore, every life is sacred, holy and precious in the eyes of God. Many people are starving, need shelter, and clothes, and as Christians, we are all called to fed the hungry, welcome in strangers, and clothe them.
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How far were changing attitudes towards the poor between 1834 – 1900 due to the work of individuals?
Concern about the condition of the working classes arose out of the publication of evidence resulting from more 'scientific' investigations of poverty that began to appear in the 1800's. Charles Booth, a shipping Magnate, published details of his investigation into the London District of Tower Hamlets in 1887. He believed that it was possible to categorise society on the basis of employment, income, and life styles. Through his investigation he found that London society consisted of 8 categories. Category A were the occasional workers, the 'savages and barbarians', category B were the casual low paid workers who were capable of bettering themselves.
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and maternal mortality. Inclusion of topics of childbearing, abortion and contraception in middle and high school science classes can reduce the number of adolescent giving birth (14 million births) and the number of aborted (who account for 4.4 million abortions) or in an orphanage. Compulsory free school meals, which balance a child's diet, will reduce underweight and malnutrition children. Vocational training depending on one's ability can be given so that one can have a independent lively hood. Help for the 2.3 billion who live on less than $2 a day will reduce the poverty rate.
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We seem to decide which country is poor and which is not according to the wealth of the country. Poverty is described as 'the condition of being without adequate food or money' (quoted from the 'Oxford Dictionary'). Today, 35,000 people die every day because of starvation. Schools in poorer countries such as Ethiopia can't afford to buy descent work books or facilities for their students to use. Ethiopia is an extremely poor and overwhelmingly undeveloped country. So it's incredibly difficult for learners to be able to get a proper education. There are only 1,483 physicians and 4,114 nurses in the entire country (about one medical doctor for every 40,000 persons, and one nurse for every 14,000).
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Continent Average Income per Head (US$) Africa 660 Asia 1,980 Australasia 13,540 Europe 11,870 North America 24,340 South America 3,040 This clearly shows that the world's income in distributed unfairly. The main question is that how can there be an end to mass hunger and malnutrition whilst that world's income is disburse unequally? These variations in wealth affect the quality of life, health, literacy and housing. If we could shrink the earth's population to a village of precisely 100 people, with all the existing human ratios remaining the same the village would consist of: 6 people would possess 59% of the entire world's wealth and all 6 would be from the USA.
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For example, Nigeria is one of the world's poorest countries, they however are sitting on large oil reserves. These reserves remain largely untapped due to the lack of technology. Debt repayments play a very large part in the reduction of a country to poverty. These repayments divert millions from education and healthcare. The UN has estimated that if funds were redirected from loan repayments to healthcare and education, seven million children would be saved every year. There are two main types of creditors, the first being multilateral creditors such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
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In fact they receive much more money from the southern debts than what they give. In developing countries, there may be a shortage of money, medicine or food, but that does not mean that simple money donations or emergency handouts can solve its problems. This can temporarily help, but that will solve little. To attack poverty in the long term you must attack it at its roots. They need education and they need to be shown how to help themselves.
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Christians and Jews both believe in Stewardship and how they should care for the planet; they put this into use by trying to raise money and protecting the planet in modern ways. Campaigning is one of those ways, it is a way to raise a lot of awareness and support very quickly. This allows them to protect the planet because with more supports there is more help so the planet recovers quickly and they can fulfil their commands. Campaigning is also economically reduced because all you need is a cause and support.
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This is shown in the quote from the Bible; Deuteronomy 22:6 ?"If you happen to find a bird's nest in a tree or on the ground, and there are young ones or eggs in it with the mother sitting in the nest, do not take the mother with the young.? Christians and Jews believe that they cannot do this as we are hurting GOD?s creations so we are hurting him. Christians and Jews also say that we are allowed to use the resources that GOD gave us as we are more superior to animals because we are in GOD?s image.
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Christians and Jews want to care for the planet because they believe that this is GODs creation so we should not harm it
So we can eat meat and experiment on animals as we are using them for our own advancements which are allowed as GOD wanted us to survive while using the animals as resources. Christians and Jews will think that they can do anything they want as they are the rulers of the planet because GOD made them in charge but extreme orthodox Christians and Jews say it?s wrong to abuse power because ? With power comes responsibility?. This is why they believe that caring for the Earth is a good thing and why it will help the human race.
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In Hinduism, the environment is also extremely important, and some would agree that caring for the environment has the highest priority and is the most important thing they can do. In Hinduism, it is said that the creator Brahma used parts of himself to form the earth, and therefore harming earth would be harming Brahma himself too: ?Arjuna, whatever you wished to see, behold at once in this body of mine!
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Like many religions, Christianity has views on the care of the planet. In Christianity, God created the animals, plants, humans and world, and gave humans the responsibility of looking after the world for God: ?And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it? (Genesis 2:15). This is called stewardship, out of all the living things God made he chose us to look after the planet; we should try to be responsible and care for the planet.
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