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GCSE: Morality of War

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  1. War is Always wrong

    In addition, many teachings in the bible refer to using force and wielding weapons for a just cause. In Luke 22:36, 'if you don't have a sword...buy one'. This is referring to the fact that spreading the word of Christianity might be hard as there will be opposition but Jesus defines Christianity as a just cause so if any on the disciple do not have swords, they should go and buy swords and be prepared to fight for a cause.

    • Word count: 556
  2. Victims of War

    Luke 10:25-37 is about a man who was attacked by robbers; he was left lying helplessly in the middle of the road and certain people walked past him. First a priest walked past and then a Levite and surprisingly none of these people helped the man but just walked on as if they had never noticed him on the floor. However, a Samaritan was walking past and went over to man and helped him and even paid an inn keeper to look after him and keep him in an inn.

    • Word count: 928
  3. Israel and palestine is it justified?

    The dilemma therefore is that Israel is still occupying much of the West Bank (also where Jerusalem is situated, which an important holy city for both Jews and Muslims), and the Gaza strip whereas these territories actually form part of Palestine. Another reason that Israel is occupying these lands is that Israel wants to maintain security for its people, especially preventing Palestinian suicide bombers from exploding themselves in Israel killing innocent people. Overall, as one may see, both countries have so-called valid reasons for their actions, but what exactly are the implications of this on-going hatred for both the Israelis and the Palestinians?

    • Word count: 695
  4. Christians should never go to war

    This conflict was directly sanctioned by God and would therefore be considered allowable. Another example of Holy War would be the crusades in the middle ages to free Jerusalem, and recruited for by Pope Urban II. Some Christians would agree with just war, which is decided by criteria laid down by Aquinas in the 13th Century. He said for a war to be considered a just war it had to be on the authority of the ruling power, for a just cause, and to promote good or resist evil.

    • Word count: 538
  5. Explain what Christians believe about conflict and war. Use bible passages and Christian church teaching to support your answer

    They also accept that wars are inevitable under certain circumstances. Sometimes we accept that war should take place as it may lead to lesser of a crisis if war does happen than if it doesn't. All Christians have different views on things and we don't all agree on the same things, Conflict and war is included in this. Christianity's view in general on war and conflict can be described in one word, anti-war and War also goes against the teachings of Jesus.

    • Word count: 527
  6. What is a pacifist

    Also, there are selective pacifists. These people choose whether or not they will not fight in "unjust" wars. An example of a selective pacifist is Franz Jagerst�tter. He fought in the Germans in the First World War and won a medal for bravery however, he decided not to fight in the Second World War because he thought that Hitler was an unjust leader. There is a lot of support that a pacifist might find in the Bible, the Churches and the teachings of Jesus. However, the Bible is not straight forward as it contradicts itself. Firstly, the Sixth Commandment says: You shall not murder.

    • Word count: 809
  7. Explain the arguments put forward by some Christian pacifists and demonstrate how Christian non-pacifists might support their position

    For example, the War in Iraq has caused approximately a minimum of 8000 civilian deaths. Another argument that could be put forward is that, violence only leads to more violence. An example of this is the effects of the war in Iraq which have led to guerrilla activities everyday such as car bombs even after Sadam Hussein was captured. Car bombs were even thrown on Red Cross' transportation. Also, the need for war would disappear if the money spent on weapons was spent instead on eradicating the causes of the war, for example, poverty. A Christian pacifist could say that the aim of non-violent conflict is to convert your opponent; to win over their mind and heart and persuade them that your point of view is right.

    • Word count: 751
  8. Free essay

    "It takes more courage to be a conscientious objector than to fight so Christians should always support the cause of peace rather than war."

    Consequently, he was sent to prison, had to pay a fine and was stripped of his World Heavyweight Title. He appealed and later, in 1971, the Supreme Court ruled in his favour. He also said: "Keep asking, no matter how long on the war in Vietnam I sing this song. I ain't got no quarrel with the Vietcong" Also, like Ali, if you get imprisoned and persecuted for your beliefs you have to take a lot of courage and bravery as there may be a lot of betrayal from friends and family.

    • Word count: 727
  9. Explain How the Holocaust Continues to Affect the Lives of Jew Today

    In all Jewish secondary school the Holocaust is taught in more depth as part of the GCSE course. There are many memorials and museums to help teach and remind us about the Holocaust, such as Yad Vashem and the Holocaust exhibit and the Imperial War Museum. These memorials make it so much to relate to horrors and atrocities that took place under Nazi regime. It is impossible to be able to genuinely relate to the Holocaust survivors. Some of the survivors may still have traumatic nightmares of what they experienced.

    • Word count: 616
  10. Even if conventional war is acceptable in Catholic teaching, the possession and use of nuclear weapons could never be

    However, in my opinion, as today we are aware of the consequences it is not acceptable. There are criteria for a 'just 'war which I think certainly should be applied in any context. A 'just' war requires that the causes must be serious enough to justify the amount of killing and suffering which a war causes. In 1945 the prospect of the Japanese army fighting to the last man, slaughtering the POW's they held, both Army and civilian, and creating the possibility of their own civilian population being exposed to the type of saturation bombing which had been experienced in Germany seemed to the Allies a sufficient justification for the use of nuclear weapons.

    • Word count: 627
  11. Colflict Justice And Reconciliation

    When someone does an injustice to you, you should, if you are a Catholic, forgive them. When you forgive someone you do not hold the person's offence against him or her , and you also do not seek revenge nor treat them as an enemy. Christians are instructed not to do evil to their enemies, but instead to be kind towards them, and to pray for them. True Christians also have a forgiving attitude towards those who have offended them and must always be prepared to be reconciled with them. When we are hurt or injured, we often feel rather angry and resentful.

    • Word count: 689
  12. RS coursework

    Christian stewardship means a fairer sharing distribution of the world's resources for everyone to enjoy. To achieve this goal, Christians might put their faith into action in a variety of ways. On a personal level, they could try to cut down on the amount they waste at home, by choosing products with the minimum packaging, and recycling wherever possible, for example using bottle banks and making garden compost. In addition to this, they could start buying energy efficient household appliances, insulating their homes properly to use less heating, and investigating the use of solar power in order to cut down on the amount of waste at home.

    • Word count: 851
  13. RS coursework

    Atheists would not say 'God made the earth so he should look after it' because they do not believe in God made the earth; many atheists believe in the Big Bang Theory. Some non-believers may, however, say that they are not particularly concerned about the environment. Such an approach might well be more a lack of knowledge about how serious some of the problems are. Others might just have a 'live for today' attitude. They might think "I'm alright. There will be enough petrol and greenery in the world whilst I am alive, and global warming is not goin to affect me".

    • Word count: 837
  14. Explain what Christians believe about their responsibility for other people:

    I command thee, saying, Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land." This meaning of this quote is that the poor will never get what they need so we need to help them in doing so. Another example form the book of Isaiah it says "Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house?

    • Word count: 536
  15. Christian views

    Furthermore Christians should not challenge the law which is set on things, such as abortion. The law says that abortion is now legal so they should not make others accept their position, i.e. a pregnant woman may feel guilt enough bout terminating her unborn child without Christians hammering onto her about what they believe. This would be intimidating and if it is what she thinks is right to do and it is legal in the country then she is in no wrong. In addition to this, they should not be able to tell a terminally ill sufferer that they are committing a sin by ending their life and suffering.

    • Word count: 911
  16. Christians Often Speak Of The Sanctity Of Life - What do they mean by this?

    When Christians speak of the sanctity of life they are referring to what makes it special, of the value they associate with it. The reason they have such respect for it has nothing to do with worldly possessions, or jobs or power or status. It is to do with what Christians see life as; a God given gift. Christians refrain from engaging in acts which may be interpreted as 'playing God'. Most of these topics have become controversial due to the strong views Christians have about them.

    • Word count: 544
  17. A02: Using the examples - abortion; euthanasia; - explain how Christians would respond to the above issues. In your answer you should refer to different attitudes that Christians have to these issues as well as to the practical ways that Christians might

    On the other hand, absolutists, who are also pro-life, would say that taking the life of anyone is wrong and this moral ideal could not be changed in any circumstances. For example, take St. Thomas Aquinas, who was an absolutist theologian. He theorised that God was the first cause of the start of life, the creator, so out journey through life must start with God, and end when God wants it to. This idea would be desecrated if people went along with abortion and euthanasia.

    • Word count: 807
  18. For a Christian, Lent is a preparation for Easter

    Lent is a time where many Christians grow as a person. The reason why Christians sacrifice habits and commodities to show God their commitment and also to highlight Jesus' ultimate sacrifice for human kind; sacrificing his life on the cross. This will give the Christian more will power. Christians now have 40 days, plenty of time, to prepare themselves for one of the most important festival in the Christian calendar and also because Jesus was in the desert for that amount of time without any food or water, and was being tortured by the devil.

    • Word count: 446
  19. "King Billy" by Edwin Morgan is a poem about the life and death of Glasgow gang leader Billy Fullarton

    In the second verse, Morgan starts to tell us about the man whose funeral it was and makes us think again about our sympathy, as he was clearly a violent man and perhaps does not deserve our pity. He starts the verse in a strange way, using the word, "bareheaded" at the start of the line, so bringing attention to it and emphasising the respect being shown, which, as we find out later, does not seem to fit with the kind of man being talked about.

    • Word count: 864
  20. Evolution of warfare in the war of the professionals

    Musketeers were countermarching in their files and were able to always give fire continuously. This development gave control on the battlefield. Control of movement, control of fire and self-control were the successes in this century. All there was left to pay attention to was the discipline. This concept becomes an important part in the 17th century. In spite of the armies pay, the rate of desertion was high. The army received classes about self-control, Self-abnegation and submission to authority provided the necessary counterpart to the type of roman military models. Gustavus had great impact on the development of warfare in this century.

    • Word count: 675
  21. Explain what Christians believe about conflict and war. Use Bible passages and Christian church teaching to support your answer. A conflict is an opposition between characters or forces in

    Mathew 26:47-53.when soldiers came to take Jesus by force, he did not resist arrest. When a disciple drew his sword to defend him, Jesus stopped him. Does this make Jesus a pacifist? In my view I believe Jesus was a pacifist he did not detest when he was arrested and he stopped his disciples from carrying out a violent act as he drew his sword. Although Jesus felt he was doing no wrong by spreading the word of god he didn't want any conflict with the opposing faiths. Pacifists want peace; they know there are so many unfair and unjust things in the world, but which can be solved without violence and conflict.

    • Word count: 738
  22. In life, there are many cases, in which we have to kill some people in order to save many others from dying. But, is it really justified? There are people who think that it is justifiable if there are no other solutions

    But, I would kill none of them because I cannot see how you can justify killing people to save more people. Furthermore, are all humans not equal, with different abilities? Then, how do we decide who to sacrifice? How do we choose who to kill and who to save? This is really unfair to those who are forced to die, as they could not resist at all. Also, once they are born into this world, they have to rights to live, thus what authority do we have to kill them in order to save others?

    • Word count: 893
  23. IB Commentary: Killed at Resaca

    She states that she cannot go outside even to breathe air, which is indicative of her fear and oppression, which is further exemplified by the fact she doesn't want to be seen by the enemy. She is unable to enjoy life and thus leads bleak, uncertain days that are filled with constant violence. The atmosphere is created by Edwidge Danicat's use of diction, and the use of words such as 'Vultures', 'dark, and 'bullets' shows how the night is a time of concealment wherein the woman hides with uncertainty that she could be killed next.

    • Word count: 960
  24. By comparing 'The Homecoming' with at least one other appropriate play, discuss the importance of violence in post 1945 drama.

    In The Homecoming, there are no scenes of physical violence. It consists of a house filled with male characters where hostility is an accepted constituent of their lifestyle through the use of verbal warfare so to speak. This reflects the situation in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf. In Albee's play, George and Martha find themselves in the same situation as violence is an accepted part of their lifestyle too. This play however, demonstrates more direct acts of violence such as the incident where Martha is consistently teasing George about his novel and, despite numerous warnings from George, he lashes out and strangles her Martha by the throat until Nick shoves him off.

    • Word count: 676
  25. "There has been much debate over the last decade into the effects that the media can have on anti-social behaviour."Construct a balanced essay argument based on research evidence (24 marks

    Media may, however, inspire aggressive behaviour by desensitising children to the effects of violence. The more televised violence a child watches, the more acceptable aggressive behaviour becomes for that child. Frequent viewing of television violence may cause children to be less anxious about violence. Therefore those who become desensitised to violence may perceive it as "normal" and be more likely to engage in violence them selves. The desensitisation hypothesis claims that excessive media violence diminishes the disgust with which we normally view violence and makes us more relaxed about its consequences. However research lacks in support of this claim and some research even shows a complete opposite.

    • Word count: 788

Religious Studies involves more than just study the world's great religions. In studying the subject you may end up covering how spirituality underpins our culture, how belief systems inform how we treat each other, animal life and the world around us, and the role religion plays in societies around the globe. Youll pick up some valuable skills along the way too: analytical thinking and critical judgement, the ability to work with others, skills of expression and discussion, and ways in which you can negotiate and resolve argument.

You will cover the major global religions (and specialising in one or two), ethics, crime and punishment, personal relationships and the family and the response of societies to issues like poverty in different parts of the world. You'll need to be able to clearly discuss relevantpoints in your assignments and Marked by Teachers have a comprehensive range of assessed RS essays, which you can access to build the skills you need.


Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Outline and discuss the view that violence onscreen can cause violence in society "Don't blame the movies Movies don't create killers, movies make killers more creative." Stewart Macher (Matthew Lillard) taken from the movie Scream.

    "In conclusion, from the studies I have looked at it would seem that violence on television and in films does affect young and adolescent children. However there are many faults with these experiments, and the most recent experiment completed by the PSI seems to prove otherwise. In my personal opinion I believe that people in general will not be affected. Most people can tell fiction from reality and can clearly define the two. The few cases of people that cannot tell the difference are the cases where violence on screen will affect them. Only 20% of all crimes committed in this country are violent. Only a tiny percentage of these were murders. An even smaller percentage of these can be linked to violence seen on screen. Every person convicted of a violent crime where it has been linked to television or films has had mental problems or has been abused as a child. (Information found from the Crime and Justice section of the National Statistics website). Alex Penn Violence in the Media Sociology Page 1"

  • Mahatma Gandhi said, "We must become the change we want to see in the world." Reflect on your world and your place within it. Discuss how you have changed or plan to effect change within that world.

    "In conclusion, Gandhi was the pebble and his words and actions were the ripples in the pond. He was an important that influenced people to make changes within the world. Following Gandhi by example would be my first step to make changes within myself and hoping others will follow my footsteps to make that change in our world. We have to be the pebble in the pond that causes the ripples in our current society. Encouraged by these enlighten words from the Great Mahatma Gandhi, "You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean, if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty." I will put faith into myself and into others who will make and made that change."

  • 'In the light of ethical theory, discuss arguments for and against pacifism.'

    "So in conclusion pacifism is a very good idea and if it could be put in to total practice in a society, we would live in a much-improved society. However for it to be able to exist you need a society where every evil or conflict can overcome by using peaceful means. Seen, as we don't live in a society like that it would be very difficult to live by pacifisms principles, about the best means of achieving peace is always through peaceful methods, making conflict inevitable as it is the only way of dealing with many of the evils in today's society. So as it has been said "to secure peace, is to prepare for war". Also how realistic is it to be able to stay peaceful when you are faced violence either against you or you property. I know if I found my self in a situation where I was faced with violence I would feel that meeting violence with violence was justifiable. So basically I pacifism is a great idea but putting it into practice in the type of society we live in today just wouldn't we are faced with to many evils that wont be removed by peaceful means. Naomi Grundy"

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