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GCSE: Morality of War
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In addition, many teachings in the bible refer to using force and wielding weapons for a just cause. In Luke 22:36, 'if you don't have a sword...buy one'. This is referring to the fact that spreading the word of Christianity might be hard as there will be opposition but Jesus defines Christianity as a just cause so if any on the disciple do not have swords, they should go and buy swords and be prepared to fight for a cause.
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Luke 10:25-37 is about a man who was attacked by robbers; he was left lying helplessly in the middle of the road and certain people walked past him. First a priest walked past and then a Levite and surprisingly none of these people helped the man but just walked on as if they had never noticed him on the floor. However, a Samaritan was walking past and went over to man and helped him and even paid an inn keeper to look after him and keep him in an inn.
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The dilemma therefore is that Israel is still occupying much of the West Bank (also where Jerusalem is situated, which an important holy city for both Jews and Muslims), and the Gaza strip whereas these territories actually form part of Palestine. Another reason that Israel is occupying these lands is that Israel wants to maintain security for its people, especially preventing Palestinian suicide bombers from exploding themselves in Israel killing innocent people. Overall, as one may see, both countries have so-called valid reasons for their actions, but what exactly are the implications of this on-going hatred for both the Israelis and the Palestinians?
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This conflict was directly sanctioned by God and would therefore be considered allowable. Another example of Holy War would be the crusades in the middle ages to free Jerusalem, and recruited for by Pope Urban II. Some Christians would agree with just war, which is decided by criteria laid down by Aquinas in the 13th Century. He said for a war to be considered a just war it had to be on the authority of the ruling power, for a just cause, and to promote good or resist evil.
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Explain what Christians believe about conflict and war. Use bible passages and Christian church teaching to support your answer
They also accept that wars are inevitable under certain circumstances. Sometimes we accept that war should take place as it may lead to lesser of a crisis if war does happen than if it doesn't. All Christians have different views on things and we don't all agree on the same things, Conflict and war is included in this. Christianity's view in general on war and conflict can be described in one word, anti-war and War also goes against the teachings of Jesus.
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Also, there are selective pacifists. These people choose whether or not they will not fight in "unjust" wars. An example of a selective pacifist is Franz Jagerst�tter. He fought in the Germans in the First World War and won a medal for bravery however, he decided not to fight in the Second World War because he thought that Hitler was an unjust leader. There is a lot of support that a pacifist might find in the Bible, the Churches and the teachings of Jesus. However, the Bible is not straight forward as it contradicts itself. Firstly, the Sixth Commandment says: You shall not murder.
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Explain the arguments put forward by some Christian pacifists and demonstrate how Christian non-pacifists might support their position
For example, the War in Iraq has caused approximately a minimum of 8000 civilian deaths. Another argument that could be put forward is that, violence only leads to more violence. An example of this is the effects of the war in Iraq which have led to guerrilla activities everyday such as car bombs even after Sadam Hussein was captured. Car bombs were even thrown on Red Cross' transportation. Also, the need for war would disappear if the money spent on weapons was spent instead on eradicating the causes of the war, for example, poverty. A Christian pacifist could say that the aim of non-violent conflict is to convert your opponent; to win over their mind and heart and persuade them that your point of view is right.
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"It takes more courage to be a conscientious objector than to fight so Christians should always support the cause of peace rather than war."
Consequently, he was sent to prison, had to pay a fine and was stripped of his World Heavyweight Title. He appealed and later, in 1971, the Supreme Court ruled in his favour. He also said: "Keep asking, no matter how long on the war in Vietnam I sing this song. I ain't got no quarrel with the Vietcong" Also, like Ali, if you get imprisoned and persecuted for your beliefs you have to take a lot of courage and bravery as there may be a lot of betrayal from friends and family.
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In all Jewish secondary school the Holocaust is taught in more depth as part of the GCSE course. There are many memorials and museums to help teach and remind us about the Holocaust, such as Yad Vashem and the Holocaust exhibit and the Imperial War Museum. These memorials make it so much to relate to horrors and atrocities that took place under Nazi regime. It is impossible to be able to genuinely relate to the Holocaust survivors. Some of the survivors may still have traumatic nightmares of what they experienced.
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Even if conventional war is acceptable in Catholic teaching, the possession and use of nuclear weapons could never be
However, in my opinion, as today we are aware of the consequences it is not acceptable. There are criteria for a 'just 'war which I think certainly should be applied in any context. A 'just' war requires that the causes must be serious enough to justify the amount of killing and suffering which a war causes. In 1945 the prospect of the Japanese army fighting to the last man, slaughtering the POW's they held, both Army and civilian, and creating the possibility of their own civilian population being exposed to the type of saturation bombing which had been experienced in Germany seemed to the Allies a sufficient justification for the use of nuclear weapons.
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When someone does an injustice to you, you should, if you are a Catholic, forgive them. When you forgive someone you do not hold the person's offence against him or her , and you also do not seek revenge nor treat them as an enemy. Christians are instructed not to do evil to their enemies, but instead to be kind towards them, and to pray for them. True Christians also have a forgiving attitude towards those who have offended them and must always be prepared to be reconciled with them. When we are hurt or injured, we often feel rather angry and resentful.
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Christian stewardship means a fairer sharing distribution of the world's resources for everyone to enjoy. To achieve this goal, Christians might put their faith into action in a variety of ways. On a personal level, they could try to cut down on the amount they waste at home, by choosing products with the minimum packaging, and recycling wherever possible, for example using bottle banks and making garden compost. In addition to this, they could start buying energy efficient household appliances, insulating their homes properly to use less heating, and investigating the use of solar power in order to cut down on the amount of waste at home.
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Atheists would not say 'God made the earth so he should look after it' because they do not believe in God made the earth; many atheists believe in the Big Bang Theory. Some non-believers may, however, say that they are not particularly concerned about the environment. Such an approach might well be more a lack of knowledge about how serious some of the problems are. Others might just have a 'live for today' attitude. They might think "I'm alright. There will be enough petrol and greenery in the world whilst I am alive, and global warming is not goin to affect me".
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I command thee, saying, Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land." This meaning of this quote is that the poor will never get what they need so we need to help them in doing so. Another example form the book of Isaiah it says "Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house?
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Furthermore Christians should not challenge the law which is set on things, such as abortion. The law says that abortion is now legal so they should not make others accept their position, i.e. a pregnant woman may feel guilt enough bout terminating her unborn child without Christians hammering onto her about what they believe. This would be intimidating and if it is what she thinks is right to do and it is legal in the country then she is in no wrong. In addition to this, they should not be able to tell a terminally ill sufferer that they are committing a sin by ending their life and suffering.
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When Christians speak of the sanctity of life they are referring to what makes it special, of the value they associate with it. The reason they have such respect for it has nothing to do with worldly possessions, or jobs or power or status. It is to do with what Christians see life as; a God given gift. Christians refrain from engaging in acts which may be interpreted as 'playing God'. Most of these topics have become controversial due to the strong views Christians have about them.
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A02: Using the examples - abortion; euthanasia; - explain how Christians would respond to the above issues. In your answer you should refer to different attitudes that Christians have to these issues as well as to the practical ways that Christians might
On the other hand, absolutists, who are also pro-life, would say that taking the life of anyone is wrong and this moral ideal could not be changed in any circumstances. For example, take St. Thomas Aquinas, who was an absolutist theologian. He theorised that God was the first cause of the start of life, the creator, so out journey through life must start with God, and end when God wants it to. This idea would be desecrated if people went along with abortion and euthanasia.
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Lent is a time where many Christians grow as a person. The reason why Christians sacrifice habits and commodities to show God their commitment and also to highlight Jesus' ultimate sacrifice for human kind; sacrificing his life on the cross. This will give the Christian more will power. Christians now have 40 days, plenty of time, to prepare themselves for one of the most important festival in the Christian calendar and also because Jesus was in the desert for that amount of time without any food or water, and was being tortured by the devil.
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"King Billy" by Edwin Morgan is a poem about the life and death of Glasgow gang leader Billy Fullarton
In the second verse, Morgan starts to tell us about the man whose funeral it was and makes us think again about our sympathy, as he was clearly a violent man and perhaps does not deserve our pity. He starts the verse in a strange way, using the word, "bareheaded" at the start of the line, so bringing attention to it and emphasising the respect being shown, which, as we find out later, does not seem to fit with the kind of man being talked about.
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Musketeers were countermarching in their files and were able to always give fire continuously. This development gave control on the battlefield. Control of movement, control of fire and self-control were the successes in this century. All there was left to pay attention to was the discipline. This concept becomes an important part in the 17th century. In spite of the armies pay, the rate of desertion was high. The army received classes about self-control, Self-abnegation and submission to authority provided the necessary counterpart to the type of roman military models. Gustavus had great impact on the development of warfare in this century.
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Explain what Christians believe about conflict and war. Use Bible passages and Christian church teaching to support your answer. A conflict is an opposition between characters or forces in
Mathew 26:47-53.when soldiers came to take Jesus by force, he did not resist arrest. When a disciple drew his sword to defend him, Jesus stopped him. Does this make Jesus a pacifist? In my view I believe Jesus was a pacifist he did not detest when he was arrested and he stopped his disciples from carrying out a violent act as he drew his sword. Although Jesus felt he was doing no wrong by spreading the word of god he didn't want any conflict with the opposing faiths. Pacifists want peace; they know there are so many unfair and unjust things in the world, but which can be solved without violence and conflict.
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In life, there are many cases, in which we have to kill some people in order to save many others from dying. But, is it really justified? There are people who think that it is justifiable if there are no other solutions
But, I would kill none of them because I cannot see how you can justify killing people to save more people. Furthermore, are all humans not equal, with different abilities? Then, how do we decide who to sacrifice? How do we choose who to kill and who to save? This is really unfair to those who are forced to die, as they could not resist at all. Also, once they are born into this world, they have to rights to live, thus what authority do we have to kill them in order to save others?
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She states that she cannot go outside even to breathe air, which is indicative of her fear and oppression, which is further exemplified by the fact she doesn't want to be seen by the enemy. She is unable to enjoy life and thus leads bleak, uncertain days that are filled with constant violence. The atmosphere is created by Edwidge Danicat's use of diction, and the use of words such as 'Vultures', 'dark, and 'bullets' shows how the night is a time of concealment wherein the woman hides with uncertainty that she could be killed next.
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By comparing 'The Homecoming' with at least one other appropriate play, discuss the importance of violence in post 1945 drama.
In The Homecoming, there are no scenes of physical violence. It consists of a house filled with male characters where hostility is an accepted constituent of their lifestyle through the use of verbal warfare so to speak. This reflects the situation in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf. In Albee's play, George and Martha find themselves in the same situation as violence is an accepted part of their lifestyle too. This play however, demonstrates more direct acts of violence such as the incident where Martha is consistently teasing George about his novel and, despite numerous warnings from George, he lashes out and strangles her Martha by the throat until Nick shoves him off.
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"There has been much debate over the last decade into the effects that the media can have on anti-social behaviour."Construct a balanced essay argument based on research evidence (24 marks
Media may, however, inspire aggressive behaviour by desensitising children to the effects of violence. The more televised violence a child watches, the more acceptable aggressive behaviour becomes for that child. Frequent viewing of television violence may cause children to be less anxious about violence. Therefore those who become desensitised to violence may perceive it as "normal" and be more likely to engage in violence them selves. The desensitisation hypothesis claims that excessive media violence diminishes the disgust with which we normally view violence and makes us more relaxed about its consequences. However research lacks in support of this claim and some research even shows a complete opposite.
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