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GCSE: Places of Worship

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  1. Galileo Galilei was a astronomer, philosopher, and physicist who is closely associated with the scientific revolution

    Galileo Galilei or often referred to as the "father of modern astronomy," was a astronomer, philosopher, and physicist. His achievements include improvements to the telescope, a variety of astronomical observations, the first law of motion, and effective support for Copernicanism (theory of Copernicus that Earth rotates daily on its axis and, with the other planets in the solar system, revolves around the sun)."1 In 1610 he was one of the first people to use the telescope to observe the sky. In Galileo's time, scientific experiments were performed on casual viewings and perceptions. Galileo was the first scientist to base physics around mathematics, and to perform 'fair' experiments where only one variable is changed.

    • Word count: 738
  2. Religion in Britain

    Henry VII got the middle class's support, and he brought the nobles and parliament under control. It meant the autocracy achieved an initial victory. When Henry VIII ascended the throne, the Catholicism was the only obstacle to the autocracy. And an accidental factor led to Henry VIII breaking from the Roman Catholic Church. Henry VIII had only one daughter, but there was no precedent to go by for a woman to be in power. So Henry wanted to divorce with the queen and marry again. And the Pope didn't approve his request. And at that time, the rising bourgeoisie and the nobles envied the churches' property, and the city residents wanted to develop the industry and commerce, they all hoped to overthrow the rule of Catholic Church.

    • Word count: 1683
  3. The Easter Controversy:

    However, the festivity differs in the fact that Christians commemorate the anniversary of the death and Resurrection of Christ (Catholic Encyclopedia). For such a holiday, it has always been a concern throughout the Church to have some standardization of when to observe this miracle. From early on, the different churches each followed their own judgment in regard to the day to celebrate Easter. By the end of the second century, the majority of the Western churches had come to celebrate the Resurrection on the Sunday that followed the 14th day of the Jewish month Nisan.

    • Word count: 2376
  4. The Mosque

    the 'Azan' the muezzin says it. Some Masjid's may have more than one minaret it may not be necessary but depends on which Masjid it is and how it is structured. One wall is higher then the rest and has huge archway is in it. This is the Qiblah Wall which is in the direction of Makkah. Inside a Masjid the features are the Mihrab, Prayer Hall, Decoration, Minbar, Washing facilities, Carpeting. The Mihrab is a niche set in the wall facing Makkah.

    • Word count: 761
  5. It was recently this year that the Catholic world had lost its leader, Pope John Paul II

    One of his greatest philosophical works was 'Person and Act', which mistakenly was translated to 'The Acting Person'. This book has laid the foundation for his philosophical understanding of personalism. Personalism is the approach to reality which places the human person and his or her essential dignity at the starting point of philosophical reasoning. In the thought of him and his schooling in the city of Lublin, any consideration of the person's subjective experience must come from its relationship with the objective reality.

    • Word count: 1653
  6. Explore the presentation of the theme of religion in "Angela's Ashes"

    Regardless of the fact that religion could be blamed for an array of problems in the lives of the characters, Catholicism is presented as an extremely important part of life in Ireland. Many, such as Frank's grandmother, consider it to be an institution with all answers to life; an institution that needs to be followed in order to achieve a greater good in life, and ultimately reach heaven. The perceived importance of religion is shown by the following quote: "The [MacNamara] sisters knew what was right and they knew what was wrong and any doubts could be resolved by the

    • Word count: 2426
  7. Team Nicaragua Journal, July 7-18, 2005

    The youth prayed for God's protection over us, and that people will find out about Jesus through us. The youth service was let out early, and the team went into the adult service. The team lined up in front of the congregation, and they laid hands on us. Praise God for a concerned and loving church that will pray for us! We all went home to get those last few precious hours of sleep in our own beds. Thursday, July 7, 2005 We huddled in the dark coldness when we met at the church at 4:30 am! And now we're dreading the heat, oh the heat!

    • Word count: 4932
  8. Why did the German Reformation take root so easily between 1513 and 1530?h

    It was in 1517 when the friar John Tetzal went to Germany in order to sell them. It was believed that buying indulgences reduced the amount of penance one had to do. This would eventually lead to spending less time in the torture of purgatory. Indulgences could also be brought for the dead, on order to reduce their time in purgatory. The money gained from this was used to re-build St Peters in Rome, and it was one of the factors, which allowed the Papacy to live in luxury. It was also used to pay off the debts for the Archbishop of Maice who had bought the Archbishopric (simony).

    • Word count: 973
  9. Christianity - denominations

    Catholics believe that they can ask the saints in heaven to pray for them. The saints are thought to be closer to God and therefore their prayers have special prayers. Catholics also believe in purgatory, an intermediate phrase or state, in which people who've not been terribly bad or terribly good have to be prepared for heaven. Roman Catholics honour Mary highly because of her place in God's plans for the world. The Orthodox Church The Orthodox faith is built upon the two foundations of holy scripture and holy tradition. They believe in the teachings of Jesus Christ as revealed in the Gospels and through the witness of the apostles, beginning with the letters of Paul and Peter, which have been transmitted through the grace of the Holy Spirit.

    • Word count: 1298
  10. Discuss the poets' treatment of the theme of religion in "Church Going" and "In Westminster Abbey".

    It seems to the reader that the only real cause for the women to be religious is to try to take benefit, to be protected by God from war and from everything else, which could harm her. The arrogance and selfishness of the women can be seen as the way the poet expresses his feelings and thoughts about church, religion, believe and God. The poet expresses his ideas and sees religion as an invention of Church in order to control the population.

    • Word count: 744
  11. A Celebration, A Concern, and A Calling!

    As I've talked with artistic leaders from churches of different denominations, from different parts of the country and even different countries I have been hearing something interesting. It sounds a little like this..."Our Pastor doesn't give us the sermon topics soon enough." "You're lucky, we don't even get to pick our own scripts, the Pastor picks them for us and we have to do what he wants." "Can you believe it! They want us to do an announcement skit!" "Drama is not supposed to be illustrative, we are supposed to be doing important work for the kingdom."

    • Word count: 1005
  12. Describe and explain the way in which Christians celebrate Holy Communion'

    After Pharaoh had refused to make this happen, all Egyptian boys started getting killed by various plagues. As a result, God ordered Moses and his people to sacrifice a sheep, and paint the top of their doorposts with its blood, in order to indicate that the house is property of Jews not Egyptians, and so when the spirit of God went out searching for Egyptian houses with newly born children it would skip Jewish households and go straight to Egyptian houses. The exodus symbolised the spread of Judaism, and the Jew's departure from slavery to freedom, in the Promised Land.

    • Word count: 1539
  13. A Guide to a church building, withreference to particular aspects of English Religious history

    St Gregory's then migrated to England, eventually to settle at Downside in 1814. Emancipation and the re-establishment of the hierarchy, the growth in converts and the arrival of the Irish Catholics changed the face of Catholicism entirely giving birth to what is now know as the Catholic Revival. Before the Emancipation Act, Catholic buildings rarely had any external sign of their inner religious function. Downside Abbey however is a triumphant expression of the new confidence of the church expressed by its vast dimensions (230ft long and 70ft high internally).

    • Word count: 947
  14. ''Luther, more than anyone, was to blame for the schism.''

    The church was a rapacious institute, whose major interest seemed to be the acquisition of wealth, rather than the spiritual welfare of the population. It had become extremely powerful, but internally corrupt. The relationship between people and church was essentially based on money, and many methods of raising revenue were adopted. Keith Randell effectively summarises its worldy nature in his book, ''Luther and the German Reformation 1517-55'', when he states that 'the Pope, who was meant to be the good sheperd, devoted much of his energy to fleecing his flock.

    • Word count: 8255
  15. The Churches struggle against apartheid and a comment on the effectiveness of this Challenge.

    Although when it was first implemented the ideology of apartheid became clear which was an idea of white supremacy4. The Apartheid System was based upon the earlier system of segregation. Segregation was the system imposed on the British colonies in the rest of Africa; this system was in no way linked to any religious ideology. This differs to apartheid, which later on in the development of this system, was justified, although through a narrow minded, and some would even say twisted interpretation of the gospels, the system of apartheid and racial segregation.5 Of significance was the way the policies were enforced.

    • Word count: 3499
  16. Places of Worship

    Baptists have communion about twice every month, once in a morning service and another in an evening service. The procedure is different for the Baptist church compared to a Catholic church. The people stay in their benches and the minister or elders come round and hand the bread to you. They then bring a tray of tiny glasses round. Each of these is filled with a small amount of fruit juice; the people take a glass, drink it and then put the glass back. In a Catholic church the unused Eucharist is stored in the tabernacle. When there is Eucharist in there, the sanctuary lamp is lit. The bread has been made holy so they won't discard it.

    • Word count: 1756
  17. A study of the attitudes of the Roman Catholic, Methodist and Anglican churches to homosexuality.

    Leviticus 20:13- Any Israelite who 'lie with a man as with a woman' will be 'vomited out of the land' (18:28). In Judges 19:22-30 A Concubines is murdered in order to avoid the worst sin- 'this vile thing' - of homosexual rape. Corinthians 6:9-10- Paul continues the condemnation of homosexuality 'Do not be deceived; neither the immoral...nor sexual perverts...will inherit the kingdom of God' He suggests that homosexuality was a result of the Fall, after which 'men... gave up natural relations with women' (Romans 1:27)

    • Word count: 2626
  18. Why the Toleration Act proved to be a significant turning point inthe history of Christianity

    The significance of the Act must be judged by both its sort and long term effects and must be assessed both socially and politically but what is perhaps of major significance is that it constituted both a turning point and a catalyst for change at a time when the Anglican Church was coming under re-evaluation. The Toleration Act reduced the Church of England from the national to merely the established church of England.1 It could be argued that in many ways this was simply a legal and political recognition of what had prevailed for forty years but this does not diminish its significance.

    • Word count: 767
  19. Explain why the PresbyterianExperiment of the 1640's and 1650's largely failed

    Or did the strength of the Anglican Church win through? What seems certain is that by the mid 1650's those that had welcomed revolution were 'appalled by the Pandora's box which they had unwittingly opened'3 and were socially, politically and ecclesiastically disenchanted with the Commonwealth. They came to acknowledge the need to re-establish the monarchy and by default the Church of England. The Presbyterian movement began with high hopes, the Ordinances of 1643 & 1644 ordered the removal alter rails, crucifixes, crosses and all images of the trinity, angles and the Virgin Mary.

    • Word count: 1419
  20. How successful was the Council of Trent in the years 1545-1563 in tackling the problems confronting the Catholic Church?

    Therefore until 1559 when Puis IV was Pope nothing happened at Trent. However it did manage to confront many of the problems facing the Catholic Church by the end of the council in 1563. One of the major doctrinal issues facing the church was where the true word of God is found. The traditional Catholic view was that it was in the Bible and the word was passed down through the church, for example by priests in services. The protestant view was that it was found in the Bible and scriptures.

    • Word count: 1317
  21. Explain how the followers of Christianity may feel that the buildings in which they worship, and the type of worship itself may assist them in their life and belief

    Church appearances are different to look at and may influence a Christian on where they worship. On a field trip to a Catholic Cathedral, St Thomas's C of E Church and Sawyers Church we found similarities and differences. The Cathedral is a modern building with no graveyard but has statues in the grounds, which helps remind Christians of the Virgin Mary and what Jesus did for them. St Thomas's is in keeping with the Church of England tradition of being in the shape of a cross, with a steeple and a graveyard. Christians believe that steeples are associated with contacting God as they cause people to look up and focus on heaven.

    • Word count: 690
  22. The role of religion in Chronicle of a Death Foretold

    It appears that the characters lack individuality and communal values run through the towns people's thoughts. Religion in this novel appears to take a big role; however, it is a big role in a negative way. The town is still revolving around communal values set hundreds of years ago, while lacking the strength to overcome these values and adjust to the present day societal values. This is further shown when the characters in the novel only watch what happens but never try to stop it.

    • Word count: 1274
  23. Collective worship is essential for the Orthodox Jew'. Do you agree? Give reasons to support your answer and show that you have thought about different points of view.

    The result again is that they cannot isolate themselves in their grief, but must come back to the world and back to the community, where they will be supported and nurtured as they work through their grief. Another reason that communal worship is essential is because most of the main traditions and festivals happen within the synagogue such as Bar Mitzvah and Yom Kippur. It also keeps a feeling of community within the faith because if you just did individual worship you would not get the feeling of community.

    • Word count: 1584
  24. The Greek or Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church

    The real thing that strikes you when you first enter a Greek Orthodox Church is the huge wooden or stone screen, separating the nave and sanctuary usually about five panels high. It is the iconostasis and is covered in beautiful, colourful icons and in the centre of it are the royal doors. These are only passed through by the elected priest (chosen as Gods representative) and ordained clergy who prepare the Divine Liturgy upon the high altar to be taken out for the communion ceremony.

    • Word count: 2093
  25. Get Rich Quick

    Firstly, he called his best friend Silvie to clue her in on his scheme. "Morning Silvie, last night I had the most awesome idea."Kia said enthusiastically. "What is it?"replied Silvie in a lull tone. "Well, I thought of a way for me to get out of debt. I'm going to start a church." Silvie gasped as he continued. "It's perfect. I mean people practically give you their money when you say you're doing God's work." "You're the most unreligous person I know. You don't even go to church !" "I just called to give you the heads up.

    • Word count: 1341

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