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GCSE: Places of Worship
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In Muslim countries, the call to prayer comes from the minaret. This happens 5 times a day. In the olden days of Islam a man called a muezzin would climb the tower 5 times a day to call the Muslims to pray. He would project his voice to call the prayer. Nowadays recordings and speakers are used to call the prayer. The Star And Crescent On some mosques, the dome and/or the minaret sometimes have the symbol of Islam on them, the star and crescent. The star has 5 points on it which symbolises the 5 pillars of Islam.
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In the Mass the Penitential rite is the time they express their sorrow and regret to God through prayer and the Liturgy of the Word is teaching the messages of God. Bidding prayers give the chance for them to convey their problems and ask for help, by doing this they are communicating more closely with God. In the Liturgy of the Eucharist, praising thanking and giving of gifts is very important. The Orthodox Church calls it the Divine Liturgy and both Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians believe when the priest consecrates the bread and wine it becomes the actual body and blood of Christ.
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The first reading is from the Old Testament. The Old Testament tells the stories about God and the different teachings he had. Next, we have the New Testament, in which you may hear stories of Jesus' life or letters from the disciples, guiding Christians to do things the way Jesus would of wanted them done. A sermon by the priest usually follows, here the priest may talk about the gospel reading and what it is trying to teach us or he may discuss important matters of the Christian faith. The Eucharist means a lot to Christians, as it is a reminder of what happened at the last supper.
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Some Christians believe that because Sunday is the Sabbath, that this is a worshipping day and that we should go to church. At church, Christians may be able to take the bread and wine. Christians may also learn the meaning of Jesus' teaching and get a better understanding of what he wants us to do. However, there are many different styles of worship including a liturgical worship, 'pulpit-centred worship' and 'waiting on the spirit' worship. Liturgical worship means the act of a public service to God.
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The Lectern: is often shaped like an eagle. As an eagle is believed the word of god being carried around the world, eagles are symbolised to be standing upon earth also it's symbolic of raising the word up to God and God raising his followers "on eagle wings". The purpose of a lectern is for the bible to be placed upon. It's used for services and when the bible is being preached. It's a stand from which the word is read by a member of the laity or minister.
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Also enclosed are the results of some Internet research on church attendance. All the figures seem to point to a steady decline in church attendance. For example the figures for 1952-1968 on sheet A show that a steady decline has been going on for a while: You can clearly see the drop in regular church attendance.
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The tourists are taking photographs here and there but they are also fascinated by the beggar and take photographs of him too, however they help him in no way whatsoever. As the priest leads the tourists past some particularly excellent paintings he explains that the paintings were done by Giotto, a famous medieval artist who painted pictures for many churches so that the stories in the bible could be understood by those that could not read. The poet arouses our sympathy and creates a sense of pathos towards the beggar in several ways.
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The church was the tallest building in the village and often the only one built of stone. Its walls were covered with religious paintings, especially paintings of the Last Judgement, showing the damned being dragged to hell, and the saved climbing to heaven. These were the only pictures that most people ever saw and they believed that what they saw was true. This encouraged the villagers to become good Christians so that their soul's would be saved. The images of hell terrified the people into worshipping God.
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The practice of performing the mass in Latin caused a great deal of resentment from the middle and lower classes. In fact, the controversy about the ceremony of the mass caused so much unsettlement that a number of people revolted including Erasmus and Martin Luther. Another thing that angered the people was the sacrament of penance. Since the 1300s people had been required to confess their sins to a church-leader. This angered many people because penance had originally been a time when the men and women of the church could make up for their sins.
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The musulta, as well as contributing to the Islamic decoration, provides a clean environment for the worshipper to perform salat. At the entrance, or in the courtyard if the mosque is large, there will be a place for washing. Many mosques are completely covered with a roof, often crowned by a dome, which symbolizes the universe and helps to magnify the voice of the Imam. The muezzin sounds the call to prayer five times a day (a Muslim crier) from a tower called a minaret, which is part of the mosque.
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A difference is that the Liturgy of the Eucharist (known also as the liturgy of the faithful) is conducted by the priest behind the Iconostatis. The liturgy is celebrated in the Church every Sunday, the Day of the Lord, as well as on feast days. Unlike Roman Catholic Churches, the Eucharist is not always celebrated each day. In fact during the weekdays of Lent the orthodox tradition do not have a Eucharist. This is because the Eucharist remembers the resurrection and is a joyous event.
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Explain the different forms of worship used in this religion and how these forms may be helpful to different people.
The Christian faith has many styles of worship and people will prefer one particular style depending on their personality, their character and their approach to the Christian faith. The different forms of Christian worship can be divided into three types; * Formal Worship * Informal Worship * Personal Worship Formal worship includes liturgy which is a Greek word meaning public worship. In this style of worship all the actions follow a set pattern. The Roman Catholic, Orthodox and some Anglican churches worship in this way.
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However, it was not so much Dr Williams's accession as Lord Carey's departure from Canterbury that precipitated these acts. Lord Carey, an evangelical, had just about managed to keep the lid on a saucepan that was about to boil over. Whoever his successor had been, the same problems would have erupted as soon as he left. What is more, Dr Williams is not an uncomplicated liberal, even on social matters. He is, for example, conservative on abortion and has always had quite a strong conservative streak to his theology.
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Everyone is different and therefore, obviously, they like different styles of worship. I believe that people should be aloud to express their views freely, and that they should feel comfortable about the way they worship. I feel it is unfair to tell someone how to worship, because to a religious person, worshipping is part of their everyday life and they should enjoy praising their God in their own personal style, whether it is formal, informal or personal. They should not have to feel pressured into worshipping in a certain way. However I realise that some people prefer worshipping in the same way because then they don't feel different to others and that they cant go wrong in the way they praise to God.
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The bible, Priest and higher people of the church taught it was important to help the sick and poor. People listened to this and wanted to help the sick. This encouraged people to look for cures that might help the sick. Monasteries were built to treat ill people, they were basically like a hospital. Because monks and nuns were very religious they were the ones who worked there, looking after the sick people. Another way in which the Church helped was with Galen and his ideas. Arabs found Galens books, which contained ideas and cures for common diseases. No-one would be able to understand them written in arabic so people from the church had them translated into latin.
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Inside a typical church, there are many features, which are very important to Christians in their worship.
If you carry on into the church you will come to the Nave, which is the main part of the church. This is where you can worship during services and also where weddings, Baptisms and Funerals take place. There are seats called pews. These are wooden seats with kneelers and room stand. This shows that people taking an active a part in the services, which are liturgical. The Nave forms the main body of the cruciform, shape of the church.
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Since the creation of The Church of Jesus Christ of The Latter-Day Saints, there have been many controversies concerning the similarities and differences between Mormonism and Catholicism, Christianity and Protestantism.
Typically young men, they introduce themselves as Elder someone. The title signifies that they have the higher of the two Mormon priesthoods, the "Melchizedek" order. At around 18, as long as he has conformed to the standards of the church, every male is supposed to be honored with priesthood. The lower of the two priesthoods is the "Aaronic", which is sub-categorized into deacon, teacher and priest. It is chiefly concerned with temporal affairs, while the "Melchizedek" priesthood deals with spiritual affairs. The "Melchizedek" is sub-categorized into elder, seventy and high priest (Distinctive Beliefs of the Mormon Church).
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People were being exploited: they were told that if they did not buy indulgences or pay to see relics they would go to hell, the most feared place of all Christians. Of course there was no substantial evidence for this but the laity trusted and had faith in the Church, which in turn exploited their trust and used it to extort as much money from them as possible. Meanwhile the priests themselves were practising simony, nepotism, absenteeism and pluralism and not living lives devoted to God (many had mistresses: Paul Ziegler, Bishop of Chur, is said to have chosen his mistresses from nearby nunneries).
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Marriage is also a sacrament and it is the unity in God's eye's when two people love each other. There are only now two more sacraments but you must know that different religions practice these and some practice more, ordination, is where it is ordain to become a priest or bishop and the next sacrament is the anointing of the sick which explains its self. These are all very important because you need to know that different dominations see that other sacraments are more important than Holy Communion this is also seen in the way different religions take Holy Communion likes the Roman Catholics stand at the altar but Anglicans kneel instead.
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The church brought back the theories that it was god who made you ill because he is upset of it was the devil. Astronomy was also strong in Europe during this time and theories about planet alignments and movement became convincing theories to illness and many people believed in them. This resurrection of spiritual theories drew back the understanding part of medicine. So all thought they still had the knowledge of Galen and Hippocrates their understanding of illness had taken a dramatic step backwards.
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To argue whether or not secularisation is occurring, or has occurred, in our society today one must first define religion itself, then define secularisation- how influential is it now, compared to that of the past, and finally define it's significance.
How significant is Religion today? To define the significance of religion one must first define significance- significant as in the governing of our country, of the educating of our children; or as in significant to an individuals life and the way they behave? The argument of secularisation lies greatly in the defining of the measurement of significance. To say that religion is dead because it plays no great part in politics or economics of our society would be wrong because religion is still in practise, not in other fields perhaps but stream-lined down to concentrate on religion itself.
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Six missionaries, headed by a white man, travel to Mbanta. Through an interpreter, the white man speaks to the village.
They are astounded when nothing happens after twenty-eight days. The church wins more converts, including a pregnant woman, Nneka. Her four previous pregnancies produced twins, and her husband and his family are not sorry to see her go. One of Okonkwo's cousins notices Nwoye among the Christians and informs his father. When Nwoye returns, Okonkwo chokes him by the neck, demanding to know where he has been. Uchendu orders him to let go of the boy. Nwoye leaves his father's compound and travels to a school to learn reading and writing.
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“Calvinism changed religious practices in general more thoroughly than Lutheranism did in Germany” Explain why you disagree or disagree with this statement.
However, Luther's thoughts had emerged through innumerable pamphlets which had influenced Calvin's Institutes. Putting this aside Institutes was the first major statement of Protestant beliefs. Luther's doctrines were not arranged in any thoroughly structured manner. His doctrines consisted of a stream of pamphlets, which were arranged, into the poorly structured Loci communes by Melanchton. Calvin made various changes to the church itself whilst in Geneva. He totally re-arranged the church organisation to create a more community based congregation. Calvin presented his plan for a reorganised church in his Ecclesiastical Ordinances of 1541.
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Philippians 1:27 This quote supports the idea of unity and being as one. It also says how Christians should follow the Gospel. It also says we should not be fighting each other, but fighting together to spread the words of the Gospel. "Do your best to preserve the unity which the spirit gives you by means of the peace that binds you together." Ephesians 4:3 "There is one Lord, one faith, one baptism; there is one God and father of all, who is Lord of all, works through all, and is in all."
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They began to talk in lots of different languages, as God gave them each a new language to speak. So, as they chattered away and suddenly they realised these languages were the same as the languages of all these different countries. With this they told people outside all about Jesus, and more than 3000 people decided to become Christians that day. They had sermons and teachings, which became the 'Body of Christ' and from which the Church began and grew. For this project I visited St Leonard's Church in Wollaton, and it was interesting to see what it is like.
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