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There are many factors that suggest the use of the printing press to spread criticism of the Catholic Church was the key factor in bringing about the reformation in Germany.

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2) a) "Indulgences" in the context of the practices of the Catholic Church in the early 16th century meant a piece of paper sold to you by the Pope entitling you to less time in purgatory. Indulgences were first used by the Church when they were given to soldiers in the Crusade as they were fighting for a good cause. In the early 16th century however, indulgences were seen as a corrupt item that had barely any meaning anymore and were used by the Church as a way of making more money to fund their own activities. b) In this essay I seek to explain why the printing press was the key factor in spreading criticism about the Catholic Church that led to the reformation in Germany. I will look at both the reasons for and against this statement and come to a conclusion about what I believe to be the correct argument. ...read more.


of the reformation Another factor that suggests the use of printing was the key factor is that printing ended scribal corruption; before printing was invented, monks used to copy out the bible, obviously there will be some human error and some things may become miss-interpreted. However the new accuracy of printing made it easier for reformers to attack the corruption of the Church. Another factor was that when the Church had faced heresy before it had always had time to react and contain it, however the speed at which the printing press grew and books were spread gave the Church no time to react and try an quash the reformation. The printing press also helped adult literacy rates in Germany, due to the fact more books were being published with more information and criticisms of the Church, people wanted to read in order to understand the criticisms and react to them. The printing press was very important in helping the reformation in Germany, however, there are other factors that disagree with the printing press being the key factor. ...read more.


The higher clergy also committed simony, many sold offices to make a profit. The lower clergy were also abusing their positions and their religion. Many of them were very ignorant towards their faith and some didn't know how to take a service properly and just made up their own way. The lower clergy were the closest sector of the Church to the laity and it was their abuses the laity saw most of; their abuses may have led to some people feeling that a reformation was the only way to get the Church back to its best. Abuses in the Church can be argued as the key factor for the bringing about of the reformation, many people felt that if the Church itself was not taking its religion seriously then drastic action needed to be taken. Another cause that can be seen as the key factor of the reformation in Germany. ?? ?? ?? ?? Tom Cheley Practice Essay Questions 5/6/2007 ...read more.

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