• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

There are many factors that suggest the use of the printing press to spread criticism of the Catholic Church was the key factor in bringing about the reformation in Germany.

Extracts from this document...


2) a) "Indulgences" in the context of the practices of the Catholic Church in the early 16th century meant a piece of paper sold to you by the Pope entitling you to less time in purgatory. Indulgences were first used by the Church when they were given to soldiers in the Crusade as they were fighting for a good cause. In the early 16th century however, indulgences were seen as a corrupt item that had barely any meaning anymore and were used by the Church as a way of making more money to fund their own activities. b) In this essay I seek to explain why the printing press was the key factor in spreading criticism about the Catholic Church that led to the reformation in Germany. I will look at both the reasons for and against this statement and come to a conclusion about what I believe to be the correct argument. ...read more.


of the reformation Another factor that suggests the use of printing was the key factor is that printing ended scribal corruption; before printing was invented, monks used to copy out the bible, obviously there will be some human error and some things may become miss-interpreted. However the new accuracy of printing made it easier for reformers to attack the corruption of the Church. Another factor was that when the Church had faced heresy before it had always had time to react and contain it, however the speed at which the printing press grew and books were spread gave the Church no time to react and try an quash the reformation. The printing press also helped adult literacy rates in Germany, due to the fact more books were being published with more information and criticisms of the Church, people wanted to read in order to understand the criticisms and react to them. The printing press was very important in helping the reformation in Germany, however, there are other factors that disagree with the printing press being the key factor. ...read more.


The higher clergy also committed simony, many sold offices to make a profit. The lower clergy were also abusing their positions and their religion. Many of them were very ignorant towards their faith and some didn't know how to take a service properly and just made up their own way. The lower clergy were the closest sector of the Church to the laity and it was their abuses the laity saw most of; their abuses may have led to some people feeling that a reformation was the only way to get the Church back to its best. Abuses in the Church can be argued as the key factor for the bringing about of the reformation, many people felt that if the Church itself was not taking its religion seriously then drastic action needed to be taken. Another cause that can be seen as the key factor of the reformation in Germany. ?? ?? ?? ?? Tom Cheley Practice Essay Questions 5/6/2007 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Places of Worship section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Places of Worship essays

  1. English Reformation

    The worshiping of relics became identified as a cult. Monasticism was an impious swindle, gathered upon the false doctrine of purgatory and indulgences, 'when the penny rattles in the box, the soul leaps out of purgatory.'8 Certainly these were all merited criticisms. Chaucer in 1314, commented on the secularism and lack of devotion to religion in his works, suggesting

  2. The storm-troopers of the counter reformation. Is this an accurate description of the Jesuits?

    Also missionary acts and educational activities were the two most consuming pursuits of the Society during the Reformation. 'During the first 50 years of its existence the Society provided much of the manpower used by the papacy to reverse the spread of Protestantism'.8 They managed to stem much of the

  1. Were abuses the source of the Reformation?

    Pre the 1929 Mortuary act there were only eight suits in twenty-eight years within the archdeaconry of Chester. One would have most likely found conventional piety as the most prevalent attitude towards religion at this time. Conventional piety is literally 'traditional devotion' or 'popular religion'.

  2. Why was the Catholic Church so weak by 1780?

    Nationalism and patriotism became agents of social control; generating norms and values and restricting and determining behaviour thus nationalism replaced religion as the primary source of moral values. It became increasingly clear to many that the Church as the dominant institution was in need of reform.

  1. How far do you agree that the church in England on the eve of ...

    'Defensor Pacis' that the secular ruler should have ultimate control over the church and not the Pope in Rhome. Although he was excommunicated, his views were aired again by Henry VIII's reign. The king already had a sufficient amount of power however dispute occurred over certain matters.

  2. St Germans Church in Cornwall

    The Elliot's also have been a particular part of the past because they started to run the church when no one else would. They also improved it form when the monks left, although the monks did the church good they did not keep it running throughout the years.

  1. Why did Germany respond so rapidly to Luther's message?

    'Had Luther been living in the territory of a minor prince his fate might have been different.' (Randall pg.82) Luther's message also fitted in well with the social changes that were going on at the time. The peasantry within Germany, who were being affected greatly by the rising population, saw

  2. Why did the German Reformation take root so easily between 1513 and 1530?h

    In 1517, Martin Luther a theologian at the university of Wittenberg condemned the idea of indulgences. He questioned the power of the Pope, because if he had the power to prevent people from purgatory, why didn't he do it from the goodness of his heart?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work