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There is a large amount of violence amongst football fans. I want to find out the reasons for this, and see what people's attitudes to the people committing the violence.

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Michael Pearson YR11 GCSE Sociology Coursework 2003 Hypothesis There is a large amount of violence amongst football fans. I want to find out the reasons for this, and see what people's attitudes to the people committing the violence, I think that some of the reasons for the violence could be: * Drink * Big matches * Big events * gender and ethnicity * age * social class/background * media coverage * level of competition I think that the majority of people will think that football hooligans are the stereotypical young working class yobs, motivated by drink. Introduction In my coursework I am researching football hooliganism, and the amount of football violence over the years. I am going to try and find out what the reasons for this are, and people's stereotypical views of the people committing the violence, and I want to find out if football hooliganism has increased or decreased. I am also trying to find out if the stereotypical views are reality, or if the media portrayal is just to influence people, and make them dislike certain social groups and classes. I want to find out if violence is increased by drinking alcohol, big matches, result, people's social class/background, level of competition, media coverage etc. In the media football violence has been portrayed as white, working class males, this is a stereotype supported by several academic studies e.g. Dunning 1988, Trivizas 1980 etc. Trivizas study also found that contrary to the stereotype of football hooligans as working class youths, the majority were actually adults (Trivizas, 1980, p.285). ...read more.


I am, however, a little surprised at the responses because the majority of people stated that they either had taken part in acts of football hooliganism, or knew somebody who had. This therefore makes it seem silly that they see football hooligans as the 'scum of the earth'. Question 7 Most people's opinions of the causes of the violence are alcohol, racial tension, rivalry, boredom and the media. This is not surprising because I stated some of these reasons in my hypothesis and introduction. Question 8 Most people thought that the scale of the violence only depended on what happened on the football field sometimes. This is interesting because this shows that the people fighting aren't real fans and would fight regardless of the football, but are just using the rivalry of football as an excuse for fighting, giving a bad name to football fans. I am not really surprised by these answers because most hooligans leave matches early only attend away matches and some don't even attend the football match. Question 9 Most people thought that most violence occurs at nationwide level (Division 1,2 and 3) which does not surprise me at all because I also hold the same opinion. I am, however, surprised by the low number of people who answered 'Internationals' to this question because I would put International matches on a par with Divisions 1,2 and 3 for bad violence. I am even more surprised that more people said that more violence occurs in the Premiership than in the International matches, because there is usually relatively little violence at Premiership matches. ...read more.


A respondent's gender could have influenced their answers, because a male is more likely to attend football matches, therefore he is more likely to have experienced football violence than a female, which could affect his answers. I found it difficult in filling my sample size of 50 people to fill in questionnaires, it took me a long time to get this many people to fill it in. It was better that I did fill my sample, because if I had a lot less than 50 people, it wouldn't have been very representative. I found my questionnaire very useful, and it has produced a big majority of my project, and I am happy with the results I have gained from it. If I were to do this coursework again, I would try and get a more even range of male and female, and different age groups. If I did this project again, and if I had enough time, I might have considered doing some interviews, and possibly an observation. I think these would be better, because if I did an interview, I might be able to find out more than I did with my questionnaire, and this would also resolve the problem of people not understanding the question. If I did an observation I think this would be useful because I would bond as a group with people, and understand how the hooligans work, and their motives behind why they commit the violence. ...read more.

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