• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

There is evidence of design in the universe - discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

There is evidence of design in the universe - discuss. In this essay, I going to be looking at the arguments of the great philosophers over the ages, and to try and come to a conclusion to the question 'is there evidence of design in the universe?' The basic argument that brings this question into light is the inductive teleological argument. This is comparing the universe to a human designed object, normally a watch. It says that if a person was to find a watch on the floor, he would not believe that the watch had come together by chance, it had been designed, and created the way it is for a purpose, in the same way, the universe is created for a purpose. St Thomas Aquinas puts forward the argument that everything in the universe follows set laws of science, for example gravity brings rain to the ground which is moved away as a gas. He argues that these laws bring a good end to all unconscious matter therefore there must be a creator in the universe who developed and controls this law and order. ...read more.

Middle

He stated that 'the link between any human work and the work of nature is very small and weak'. In his next point, Hume is saying that the world is not like a watch, because a watch is a mechanical object whereas the world is organic and develops through evolution. With this criticism, Hume concludes there does not have to be a God who designed the world. David Hume then goes on to criticize the fact that if an analogy is going to be made then the two objects should be directly proportional to each other. Hume says that a contradiction is being made in terms of God in the Judeo-Christian understanding of God. The watch and the universe cannot be a fair analogy because Christians believe God is perfect and infinite, and we know the world is not this, therefore how can God be the designer? In his final criticism Hume says the world is possibly the result of trial and error, and that there was no purpose for the making of the world. ...read more.

Conclusion

These categories are separate from sense experience (a priori). He states that without these categories that the world would be unknowable due to peoples inability to identify order and relationships in the world. The result is that if this order is forced on us how do we know whether the real world is actually ordered. Kant also points out that the teleological argument does not show us a Christian God, instead it shows us an world architect. The God behind the argument is not perfect, all powerful, or infinite, because if he was, he would have created a perfect world. In conclusion, I feel that there is evidence of design in the universe, however it is not perfect design, due to faults such as the imperfect plates in the earth. I feel that the design in the universe is also something that may be able to be explained by coincidence. It may be possible that nothing created the universe, it just happened to have the right conditions and fall exactly into place, but as many of these theories as there are, we may never know the truth. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. T H E D E S I G N A R ...

    of chance Richard Swinburne, uses the following story: 'Suppose that a madman kidnaps a victim and shuts him in a room with a card-shuffling machine. The machine shuffles ten packs of cards simultaneously and then draws a card from each pack and exhibits all the ten cards.

  2. Explain the Ontological argument.

    Therefore God is making us suffer for someone else's sin. The argument can be rejected on moral grounds because of his concept of Hell. Hell appears to be part of the design of the universe. Thus God must have anticipated that the world would go wrong and accepted it.

  1. The Teleological Argument.

    knows is very faulty and imperfect, compared to a superior standard and was only the first rude effort of some infant Deity, who afterwards abandoned it, ashamed of his lame performance.' Hume's arguments about 'like cause and effect' I think is insubstantial.

  2. Man and the Universe

    With the discovery of four of Jupiter's biggest satellites, the geocentric model of the universe was once again challenged, with proof that not everything orbited the earth. Also, by studying the phases of Venus he proved that Venus did orbit the sun, though it did not prove the heliocentric model.

  1. Birth Of The Universe

    It happened and is always happening. It always will. Out of this "was, is, and will be" a synergy emerges. The whole is greater than the sum of its parts. God/Goddess/All That Is is that whole. Feminine energy never wants to be singular or supreme. That's something that masculine energy, in its dominating principle, cannot grok. ... {laughter} ...

  2. The design argument depends on key assumptions, in particular that the order in the ...

    that they are so formed and adjusted as to produce motion, and that motion so regulated as to point out the hour of the day" William Paley Paley then compared the watch to the universe, he argued like the watch the universe is also a machine that serves order and purpose: vegetation.

  1. Does the universe have a purpose? Discuss.Every culture in the world and most religions ...

    Thomas Aquinas (1225-74) stated that there is no case known (nor indeed is it possible) in which a thing is found to be the efficient cause of itself, because in that case it would be prior to itself, which is impossible.

  2. Examine the differences which may exist between a religious and scientific interpretation of the ...

    Hawking believed that, as we only know what has happened since the Big Bang, it is a pointless, and eventually worthless expenditure of energy to try and determine what happened before the Big Bang. As these events have no bearing whatsoever on the events after the Big Bang, they should

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work