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There is evidence of design in the universe - discuss.

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Introduction

There is evidence of design in the universe - discuss. In this essay, I going to be looking at the arguments of the great philosophers over the ages, and to try and come to a conclusion to the question 'is there evidence of design in the universe?' The basic argument that brings this question into light is the inductive teleological argument. This is comparing the universe to a human designed object, normally a watch. It says that if a person was to find a watch on the floor, he would not believe that the watch had come together by chance, it had been designed, and created the way it is for a purpose, in the same way, the universe is created for a purpose. St Thomas Aquinas puts forward the argument that everything in the universe follows set laws of science, for example gravity brings rain to the ground which is moved away as a gas. He argues that these laws bring a good end to all unconscious matter therefore there must be a creator in the universe who developed and controls this law and order. ...read more.

Middle

He stated that 'the link between any human work and the work of nature is very small and weak'. In his next point, Hume is saying that the world is not like a watch, because a watch is a mechanical object whereas the world is organic and develops through evolution. With this criticism, Hume concludes there does not have to be a God who designed the world. David Hume then goes on to criticize the fact that if an analogy is going to be made then the two objects should be directly proportional to each other. Hume says that a contradiction is being made in terms of God in the Judeo-Christian understanding of God. The watch and the universe cannot be a fair analogy because Christians believe God is perfect and infinite, and we know the world is not this, therefore how can God be the designer? In his final criticism Hume says the world is possibly the result of trial and error, and that there was no purpose for the making of the world. ...read more.

Conclusion

These categories are separate from sense experience (a priori). He states that without these categories that the world would be unknowable due to peoples inability to identify order and relationships in the world. The result is that if this order is forced on us how do we know whether the real world is actually ordered. Kant also points out that the teleological argument does not show us a Christian God, instead it shows us an world architect. The God behind the argument is not perfect, all powerful, or infinite, because if he was, he would have created a perfect world. In conclusion, I feel that there is evidence of design in the universe, however it is not perfect design, due to faults such as the imperfect plates in the earth. I feel that the design in the universe is also something that may be able to be explained by coincidence. It may be possible that nothing created the universe, it just happened to have the right conditions and fall exactly into place, but as many of these theories as there are, we may never know the truth. ...read more.

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