• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

There is evidence of design in the universe - discuss.

Extracts from this document...


There is evidence of design in the universe - discuss. In this essay, I going to be looking at the arguments of the great philosophers over the ages, and to try and come to a conclusion to the question 'is there evidence of design in the universe?' The basic argument that brings this question into light is the inductive teleological argument. This is comparing the universe to a human designed object, normally a watch. It says that if a person was to find a watch on the floor, he would not believe that the watch had come together by chance, it had been designed, and created the way it is for a purpose, in the same way, the universe is created for a purpose. St Thomas Aquinas puts forward the argument that everything in the universe follows set laws of science, for example gravity brings rain to the ground which is moved away as a gas. He argues that these laws bring a good end to all unconscious matter therefore there must be a creator in the universe who developed and controls this law and order. ...read more.


He stated that 'the link between any human work and the work of nature is very small and weak'. In his next point, Hume is saying that the world is not like a watch, because a watch is a mechanical object whereas the world is organic and develops through evolution. With this criticism, Hume concludes there does not have to be a God who designed the world. David Hume then goes on to criticize the fact that if an analogy is going to be made then the two objects should be directly proportional to each other. Hume says that a contradiction is being made in terms of God in the Judeo-Christian understanding of God. The watch and the universe cannot be a fair analogy because Christians believe God is perfect and infinite, and we know the world is not this, therefore how can God be the designer? In his final criticism Hume says the world is possibly the result of trial and error, and that there was no purpose for the making of the world. ...read more.


These categories are separate from sense experience (a priori). He states that without these categories that the world would be unknowable due to peoples inability to identify order and relationships in the world. The result is that if this order is forced on us how do we know whether the real world is actually ordered. Kant also points out that the teleological argument does not show us a Christian God, instead it shows us an world architect. The God behind the argument is not perfect, all powerful, or infinite, because if he was, he would have created a perfect world. In conclusion, I feel that there is evidence of design in the universe, however it is not perfect design, due to faults such as the imperfect plates in the earth. I feel that the design in the universe is also something that may be able to be explained by coincidence. It may be possible that nothing created the universe, it just happened to have the right conditions and fall exactly into place, but as many of these theories as there are, we may never know the truth. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Birth Of The Universe

    But She did not want to. Instead, as we say, She wanted to do it together. As She desired (and desires still), God and Goddess together gave birth to All That Is. It happened and is always happening. It always will.

  2. Does the universe have a purpose? Discuss.Every culture in the world and most religions ...

    Thomas Aquinas (1225-74) stated that there is no case known (nor indeed is it possible) in which a thing is found to be the efficient cause of itself, because in that case it would be prior to itself, which is impossible.

  1. God does not play dice, discuss.

    This maker is whom he perceives god to be. Paley also uses the example of an eye and how the various components of an eye all work together for the purpose of seeing. He muses that an intelligent designer must have made this because the design is far too intricate and it works so perfectly, that it cannot have come to exist by chance.

  2. Man and the Universe

    As was stated before, the universe was created in six days, the seventh being for rest. Here is the order of the creation of the universe: * First Day: Light was created and divided ("'Let there be light' - and light appeared...

  1. The design argument depends on key assumptions, in particular that the order in the ...

    The second part of the teleological argument is 'to design'. These versions of the argument are more recent as they were written in the twentieth centaury. This argument is also known as the Anthropic Principle, this argument claims that the cosmo is constructed for the development of intelligent life.

  2. Examine the differences which may exist between a religious and scientific interpretation of the ...

    Darwin's theory whilst originally met with nothing but contempt, has stood almost unchanged to the modern day, and is still widely accepted as the explanation of how life on the planet earth originated. However the society into which Darwin released his theory was completely unprepared to accept these radical new

  1. Explain the Ontological argument.

    The same criticism can be applied to objective law. The fact that no one can establish the precise origin of these laws calls its divinity into question supporting the non-religious argument for the presence of morality. The concept of objective law has been attacked by many relativist theories. Many philosophers argue that morality is more than a simple meaning of obeying objective law from example, Fletcher's situation ethics.

  2. The Teleological Argument.

    would not have been formed. Whilst this may not give solid proof, this has made the teleological argument stronger and more plausible. The third of the idea of the teleological argument is 'beauty.' How is it possible that humans are the only race on the planet able to appreciate beauty?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work