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Throughout the 13 and 1400s all masses had been conducted in latin.

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Throughout the 13 and 1400s all masses had been conducted in Latin. Popes, Bishops, and monks had been taught the language since the earliest days of the church. The problem with conducting the entire mass in Latin was that only the very elite could read and write the language. This left the bible to be interpreted by only a select few in the cities and the clergy. Because earlier law was focused much more on the bible than it is today, much more of the power of lawmaking was left up to the papal. This translated into the church dominating much of the politics and thus greatly influencing the way things were run. For example, text was often interpreted in such a way that someone would be required to repent for their sins by making a contribution to the church. People were unable to voice their opposition to the church because they never knew if their arguments would be reconstructed as heresy. ...read more.


A number of people were opposed to the church because they believed it was an invention of man. Many thought that the clergy had invented a number of the sacraments. John Knox strongly believed that the bible had a different idea about the sacrament of consecration. But to the words of consecration: by whom have they that name, I desire to know? "By Jesus Christ," will they say? But nowhere are they able to prove that the words which he pronounced at his Last Supper called he, or any of his apostles after him, "words of consecration." And so have they received the name by the authority of man. Which are the words? Let us hear. Accipite et manducate ex hoc omnes. Hoc est enim corpus meum. Similiter et calicem post quam coenavit, dicens, etc. ["Take and eat ye all of this, for this is my body. ...read more.


Be well advised before you answer, lest by neglecting yourself you be proved liars. Will you say that the apostles used your canon? So you have affirmed in times past. If the canon descended from the apostles to the popes, bold and malapert impiety it had been to have added anything thereto; for a canon is a full and sufficient rule, which in all parts and points is perfect. But I will prove diverse popes to have added their portions to this holy canon. If they will deny, advise what Sergius added, and what Leo added, and what the two Alexanders added; for I may not abide presently to recite all; but if they doubt, their own law shall certify them. In general the ceremony of the mass generated a great deal of controversy in what is now called the Renissance. It was one of the factors leading to the Reformation, but only one of many. It was one of a number of reasons which prompted civilization to redefine the church and it's policies. ...read more.

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