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To Kill A Mocking Bird - selected essays related to Chapter 12

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Introduction

First Purchase Church Chapter 12 By Jordan Burgess What Evidence is there of the Black's Poverty? The evidence of the black's poverty is shown in the keeping of the church and it surrounding area and in what they cannot afford i.e. piano, hymn books etc. This chapter contains many descriptions of the church and its surroundings. The scruffiness of the church shows that it cannot afford to redecorate, "It was an ancient paint-peeled frame building", shows they cannot afford paint. The fact that "Whites gambled in it on weekdays" while "Negroes worshipped in it on Sundays" shows that they are so desperate for money they have to get some extra income by passing it off as a casino. It also shows that the whites have very little respect for it being a church. To be able to afford the land in the first place the blacks had to settle for poor land - "brick hard clay"- and a place outside the southern town limits because it waould be a lot cheaper thare. ...read more.

Middle

How does Harper Lee Make Us Approve of the Black Community and Admire Them? Even though Harper Lee wrote the book in the late 1950s when the Civil Rights Movement was taking place, it was set in the 1930s before all of that had happened, Lee still shows the black people to be intelligent and caring human beings. She shows the black community welcoming Scout and Jem and being friendly towards them, this makes the reader immediately like them. Lee only shows only one black character, Lula May, with any 'negative' characteristics and the rest of the church members condemn her actions, this makes the members seem unprejudiced and fair. This makes us approve of the black community because it shows that they are very forthright and tolerant. She points out the way that the black people use linin' to cope with most of them being illiterate and not being able to afford the hymn books. This shows that the black communities ingenuity and resourcefulness. ...read more.

Conclusion

They find it hard to understand why she talks differently when "she knows better". This gives the reader a new view on her because it shows she is also a member of the black community. Cal also reveals in this chapter that she was from the Landing and that all her life she'd worked the Finches or the Bufords. She also reveals that she taught Zeebo out of Blackstone's Commentaries. Jem is quite stunned by this because he knows that the book is very complex and about law. Another thing that is shown in this chapter is Calpurnia's age. Jem and Scout realise that Cal is a lot older than they thought; this is from Cal telling them that she used to work at the landing and that her son, Zeebo, had "half-grown children". This changes the reader's opinion of how old she is. This chapter makes known quite a few new things about Calpurnia, it is from her that the children learn that you cannot change people against their will. Jordan Burgess 10P2 To Kill a Mockingbird 22/10/2007 1 ...read more.

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