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To what extend is faith a legitimate basis for knowledge claims, in religion and different areas of knowledge.

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Introduction

7- Some people say that religious beliefs can be neither justified nor refuted by reason. However while sometimes this claim is used as a reason for rejecting religious beliefs, at other times it is used to conclude that these beliefs are established by faith. To what extend is faith a legitimate basis for knowledge claims, in religion and different areas of knowledge. Since the beginning of the human race, humans have always been religions. History backs up this statement; 2000 years B.C. Abraham founded Judaism, 563-483 B.C. Buddha founded Buddhism, 4 between 33 A.C. Jesus of Nazareth founded Christianity, etc. One of the greatest proofs of how religion influences many areas is our calendar. We divide history in two blocks A.C. (After Christ) and B.C. (Before Christ). Furthermore, the Greek Gods (Zeus, Mars , Aphrodite), the Aztecs God's (Quetzalc´┐Żalt, Tezcatlipoca) all reflect the acceptance of a higher being, and thus accepted the existence of religion. Yet the question remains; If God is written in the hearts of men, why do men deny God's existence? ...read more.

Middle

Moreover, we where created with a free will and a free mind, if God forbidden you to do things he would be contradicting himself. What he can do is send signs to guide you through the path of righteousness, nevertheless it is your decision to follow it. As previously mentioned, humans base their decision of following religion in two main ways of knowing emotion(faith) and reason, for instance the existence of a plant. Where does a plant come from? The plant itself originated from the seed. The seed is made up tissues which are made up of small cells. The cells are made up of small atoms. But who created these atoms? Many people argue that this occurred because of the big bang1. However, where does the energy that created the big bang comes from? There must be someone that created it; by the use of logic humans conclude that there must be some superior being that created it. As Thomas Aquinas says "Nothing happens out of nothing". Furthermore another example is the food chain. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the Roman Catholic religion the pope uses his reason and advice from other such as ethic professionals, philosophers, etc. Reason only allows analysis until a certain point moreover, where reason stops faith begins. In conclusion, in life it is necessary to pair up faith with reason or else the decision is useless. An example of this is a woman that was diagnosed cancer, the doctors had told her that they needed to do a laparotomy2 . However, when the doctors did the laparotomy they saw that the cancer was not there anymore. How do you explain this supernatural event? It cannot be scientifically proven you need faith to believe it was a miracle. On the contrary faith and reason should not be used on its own. If you only use your logic side, there will be a moment where logic will be stopped and you will not be able to proceed since you have reached the logic line. If you use faith on its own you will have a complicated time applying your beliefs to the real world. As Robert Vallett once said using the human heart as a connotation of faith "The human heart feels things the eyes cannot see, and knows what the mind cannot understand. ...read more.

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