• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent is faith a legitimate basis for knowledge claims, in religion and different areas of knowledge

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Some people say that religious beliefs can neither be justified nor refuted by reason. However, while sometimes this claim is used as a reason for rejecting religious beliefs, at other times it is used to conclude that these beliefs are established by faith. To what extent is faith a legitimate basis for knowledge claims, in religion and different areas of knowledge In this essay, I will attempt to establish conditions under which beliefs and faith can be considered legitimate basis for knowledge claims in religion and different areas of knowledge. I will assess the extent to which faith and reason can be used to make knowledge claims in both science and religion. In order to present my argument clearly and effectively I must establish my definition of faith in relation to this essay. That is faith is a way of knowing one can acquire through personal experience, faith is opening up to uncertain thought and ideas and using them as knowledge claims. Knowledge is a justified true belief. Faith is general belief or trust that comes from personal experience thus rendered subjective in nature. There are knowledge claims where belief is used a basis for the knowledge claim. ...read more.

Middle

After all, this is how we resolve disagreements in our ordinary affairs, as well as in science. They would use prayer as an example, where it has worked of course, as evidence to back their claim. When we claim to know that something is true, we are thereby claiming to have adequate evidence, proof or good reason for it. On the contrary a non-believer might claim that there is no justification (or inadequate justification) for believing the Bible's claim and God - or, in stronger cases, they might say that there is justification for disbelieving the Bible's claims. However, there is just as much evidence for justifying the belief as there is for refuting it. With this, we immediately begin to see the problems of knowledge, involved in knowing through faith. There is a great amount of uncertainty thus bringing the question; can there be knowledge claims with the amount of uncertainty present in knowing through faith? When formulating a knowledge claim based on faith and belief, one must acquire evidence to support this claim, in both religion and science the level of certainty is certainly not 100%. Through the Imperiacle process, one might be certain to some extent however, they cannot be completely satisfied. ...read more.

Conclusion

The decision lies in whether you believe in faith or are a sceptic. A legitimate basis can be considered a reliable source depending on the case, it can also be viewed as subjective, thus whether it is legitimate or not depends on the circumstances, or knowledge claims, for example a doctor gives an opinion on the condition of a patient and advises that patient. His experience and profession would be enough to be considered a legitimate basis, however if his opinion was based on faith that the remedy would work, then reluctance on the part of the patient would be justifiable. Faith pollutes the areas of knowledge due to its subjectivity; however, this is not true in all the areas of knowing. For example in my IB English class, we are required to be subjective to some extent. An example of this is studying a literary text in my English class we are asked to provide subjective opinions on the text. That is not to say that the opinions we formulate are no longer valid, although opinions often vary from person to person. As a student examining a certain text for example a scene from 'A Midsummer Nights Dream" by Shakespeare, for instance, I find that the text has a subliminal message, I might interpret it very differently from another student examining the same text under the same conditions. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Miracles section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Miracles essays

  1. Miracles and science are irreconcilable - Modern Christians must adapt their beliefs to the ...

    The laws of nature as science dictates are the way in which we expect situations to unfold. When this is not the case and an extraordinary event occurs many explanations are offered but often there is not a logical interpretation available, so people turn to the intervention of God.

  2. Miracles essay.

    If it was a miracle then it could be asked why God is biased towards the church people when he is meant to care for everyone. This could all so be asked when God parted the red sea for the Jews.

  1. How can one differentiate between fate and faith? Are these concepts or moral ...

    He is directing and continually teaching us. We really matter to God! We believe that things can be different, and that our lives can be changed and bettered through the understanding of faith. When praying in faith, we are working with God to determine our future.

  2. Miracles are about faith, not fact. Discuss.

    He has lured himself into a trap here because believers have faith in the constant functioning of God. They believe it is in God's nature to perform miracles, it just happens that they interfere with the laws of nature. The only time that Hume accepted a miracle to be true

  1. is faith a legitimate basis for knowledge claims?

    This way faith is a counterpart to rationality by answering questions that the latter cannot. * Faith as contradicting rationality: This implies that people adopt faith as a means to believe knowledge claims even though there is ether no evidence to support it or existing evidence to oppose it.

  2. 'Miracles are a matter of faith, not fact', discuss.

    occurrences here, where no current scientific answer can be discovered. Now Hume's arguments begin to suffer, as evidence supporting the appearance of natural laws being broken comes from reliable and experiential scrutiny. Furthermore Swinburne's Principles of Testimony and Credulity could be used to counter Hume.

  1. The girl in the story was labeled as a girl, which is interesting to ...

    Amy Tan, an Asian-American writer, authored a novel, The Joy Luck Club, from which we have read the excerpt, "Two Kinds." Though a case could be made that the relationship in this story is framed by Chinese ideals and minority-based sentiments, another could be made that the situation played out

  2. Keeping the Faith

    Jake finished the relationship because his job means that he had to marry a Jewish girl and Anna is not Jewish. Anna is very upset and turns to her friend Brain to get some support. He doesn't listen to Anna and tells her that he loves her and is prepared to give up his job for her.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work