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Typical Shabbat.

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Typical Shabbat In an Orthodox household, a normal Shabbat begins at sunset on Friday evening and ends at nightfall the next day when 3 stars are visible in the night sky. Progressive Jews are not as strict about the starting time of Shabbat because they recognise that it may not always be possible to start it early in a Western country. Jewish families look forward to Shabbat, as it is a time for family to be together and to forget the concerns from the rest of the week. Many Jews describe Shabbat as a queen and prepare the house as if awaiting a visit from an honoured guest. They clean the house and all the family washes and dresses in good clothes. They set the table with their best cutlery and china. They also place 2 candlesticks on the table that represent the 2 commands about Shabbat, "Remember the Sabbath day" (Exodus 20:8) and "Observe the Sabbath day" (Deuteronomy 5:12), and challot (Shabbat loaves) which represent the manna that the Israelites found outside their tents every morning when they were travelling through the desert. ...read more.


Sometimes the females go too. At the end of the synagogue service, the rabbi says Kiddush (sanctification) over a cup of wine. When people leave the synagogue they wish each other 'Shabbat Shalom' (a Shabbat of peace). At home, the husband and father blesses his children that they grow up to follow the godly examples of men and women in the faith. After this he recites Kiddush as well. Every family member listens to the blessings. No one will have had any food from the time Shabbat began except for young children or old people who would otherwise find it uncomfortable. After Kiddush, the family wash their hands as an act of purification. They take their places at the table and the husband recites another blessing over the challot. This blessing is to thank God for bringing bread to the Jews. After cutting the bread, the husband then dips pieces lightly in salt and passes them around the table. On Shabbat the family eat special foods and sing songs. ...read more.


The family then starts tidying up as they could not do that during Shabbat and they have dishes to wash and put away. Special Shabbats The Shabbat that occurs in the Ten Days of Returning, between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, is called Shabbat Shuvah (Sabbath of Returning). The scriptural reading for this Sabbath (Hosea 14) urges Jews to turn to God to make themselves dependant on Him alone.1 Sukkot occurs at the beginning of the rainy season in Israel and every day of the festivals, Jews pray for rain. However, on Shabbat they do not. Bar Mitzvah (son of the commandments) occurs on the Shabbat after the boy's 13th birthday. The boy reads a portion of the sidra, which is normally read by a chazan in the morning service. His father then recites baruch shepatarani to thank God for bringing the boy to maturity and declares that the boy is responsible for his actions. After the service there is normally a celebration. After someone dies, the family spends 1 week mourning after the funeral except on Shabbat when no mourning is allowed. 1 Judaism - Arye Forta ...read more.

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