• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using Inductive and Deductive arguments, is it possible to prove the existence of God?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Using Inductive and Deductive arguments, is it possible to prove the existence of God? Many philosophers have attempted to prove the existence of God, although there is no argument as yet which proves without any doubt that God exists. A proof is the demonstration that something is true or, in this case, that God exists. There are 3 types of proof; direct, deductive, and inductive. A direct proof is when something is immediately obvious, so therefore, it cannot be used to prove God's existence. However, Inductive and Deductive Arguments could be used to prove the existence of God. An Inductive argument is a posteriori (based on experience) which is logic involving reasoning from effect to cause. Inductive arguments attempt to create and support a general conclusion based on some evidence (either physical or based on experience), without making it absolutely certain. The arguments cannot produce proofs that completely remove an element of doubt from the conclusion, so the conclusion does not follow the premises and therefore, certainty can no longer apply - Probability is used instead. Analogy can be used as a proof, e.g. ...read more.

Middle

Swinburne is said to have the humility to not seek absolute proof. His goal is to collect several weaker arguments (similar to the Cumulative effect) in order to prove that the existence of God is more probable than not. He has identified two different types of Inductive argument - P-inductive argument which makes the conclusion more probable than not, and C-inductive argument which uses even weaker arguments in order to make a more probable conclusion. Swinburne wants to accumulate a sufficient quantity of C-inductive arguments for theism, each of which will offer some support to his hypothesis, so that they will collectively constitute a good P-inductive argument, thus making the probability of the god hypothesis greater than one half. Whether he succeeds in achieving this is another matter. Deductive arguments are a priori - involving reasoning from effect to cause, and are arguments which make the conclusions certain, as long as the premises are accepted to be true. They are based on a series of assumptions, known as premises, and 'if the premises are true, the conclusion must be true' - this is known as a 'valid argument'. ...read more.

Conclusion

Using the passion argument, he said that passion is an essential feature of faith, and if God's existence if probable or proven, people would have less faith. Kant also said 'I had to set limits for knowledge in order to make place for faith'. Perhaps humans do not need to know everything, and therefore does it matter whether God's existence can be proven? There seem to be problems when trying to prove the existence of God using Inductive or Deductive proofs. Inductive proofs are seen to have un-certain conclusions, whereas Deductive proofs need for certainty can mean they are impossible to use. It is difficult to gather evidence for God's existence, and it has been questioned whether we are able to talk about God at all because he is so different from human experiences. Proof may be impossible, due to so many difficulties with any particular proof and because of the assumptions we make in order to prove things. These assumptions are that human reason is reliable and that our language actually corresponds to the common world. If this is not the case, then how can anything be proven? But perhaps, using Kant's argument, proof is not needed for the existence of God, because faith is more important. Laura Kantor ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Outline the Cosmological Argument for the existence of God, and assess its claim to ...

    When Russell asked the question "When is an explanation adequate?", Copleston replied that an adequate explanation must ultimatly be a total explanation, to which nothing further can be added. But Russell objects to this fact, saying that there is no such thing as no expectation.

  2. 'An analysis of arguments for the existence of God will result in valid philosophical ...

    Kant also questioned whether existence is a predicate of something (Anselm's argument relies heavily upon it being so). I would have thought this a fairly obvious problem with Anselm's argument - existence cannot be associated with other characteristics of something, like shape, colour, or size, because if something lacks it,

  1. Outline the Design Argument for the Existence of God

    most efficient characteristics of each species would be passed down through the generations, within the genes. Random variations within the natural world allow some animals and plants to survive more efficiently than weaker ones, so they are more likely to live longer than the weaker ones.

  2. The Nature of God Religious Studies Coursework. I am going to explain, discuss and ...

    Commands are only as authoritative as is the one that commands them; a command of a ruler carries more authority than a command of a citizen. Moral commands, though, have ultimate authority; they are to be obeyed under all circumstances.

  1. "The Ontological Argument fails to prove God's existence"

    Instead, Aquinas thought the only way to prove God's existence was through a posteriori knowledge, because any argument for the existence of God has to be based on the evidence God leaves us in the world. Aquinas said that even if the argument succeeded to prove God's existence, it would

  2. Explain the Ontological argument.

    Newton's first law of motion, in which the bodies own inertia from previous motion, disproves Aquinas argument. It is possible for an object to be both stationery and have uniform motion. Therefore destroys Aquinas first way. Hume questioned why objects had to have a beginning; "How can anything that exists

  1. Explain the Ontological argument from Anslem and Gaunillo's objection 9s?

    the argument becomes invalid, Kant had deflated and destroyed the whole meaning of the argument. Kant argues that when one ascribed a quality, characteristic or predicate of anything, one asserts or presupposes that things exist and then ascribe the predicate to it.

  2. The Teleological Argument.

    Another argument is that 'the world occurred due to chance and therefore has no purpose.' This criticises all of the theories placed forward by the teleological argument. The 'fine tuning' of the universe necessary for life points to the idea of design.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work