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What are the differences between "I am certain" and "it is certain", and is passionate conviction ever sufficient for justifying knowledge. The main aim of this essay is to discuss the differences between the more personalized phrase

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What are the differences between "I am certain" and "it is certain", and is passionate conviction ever sufficient for justifying knowledge. The main aim of this essay is to discuss the differences between the more personalized phrase, "I am certain" with the more generalized term, "it is certain". After this I will discuss whether the passionate conviction of an individual is enough to justify knowledge without the use of logical reasoning. However, passionate conviction even though it may be perceived by one person, it may not be proven false. Empiricism can be defined as 'the practice of medicine that disregards scientific theory and relies solely on practical experience'. In contrast, rationalism is defined as 'reliance on reason as the best guide for belief and action'. Knowledge is defined as the 'psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning'. In the above context, we first need to define what we mean by "certain". The first 'certain' means I am convinced. The second 'certain' means it is indisputable. "Certainty is the acceptance of fact without doubt. When should one be certain? When all knowledge supports the conclusion, and no one denies it. If one has a valid reason for doubting something, one should not be certain. ...read more.


In these cases, 'I am certain' is a better way of expressing knowledge (it will be less convincing if someone says, "It is certain that I love you," since science cannot tell why you are in love, but only what happens after you are in love). Moreover, personal belief is less likely to change because one's belief is constantly refreshed by his/her emotions and memories." Furthermore I am certain that my name is Nishane, I am of a Sri Lankan origin and that I was born on the 8th of December 1988. I know all that all of this is true because it was passed down from my parents and my birth certificate states all of this in writing. But can I be really certain that all of this information is true? Whether it is true or not, I can never really know for sure and only have my parents words for it. I could have been picked up in a ditch or adopted from an orphanage in Sri Lanka. As 'I am certain' can be defined as subjective certainty 'it is certain' can be classified as objective certainty, according to S�ren Kierkegaard's theory. I am certain that killing somebody are wrong. I have come to this conclusion due to my upbringing because of my parents influence of me and if I did commit this it would clash with my morals and also my religion which considers killing someone as a sin. ...read more.


Joan of Arc was burnt as a witch for taking up arms against the English. The priests convinced each other that an ordinary mortal woman could not lead an army. In finding the differences between "I am certain" and "it is certain," it is evident that the passive and the personal assertions of certainty are not the same and cannot be applied to the same issues in all cases. "It is certain" is usually attained first through "I am certain," because for all men to believe something, one man must have believed it. The transition is not flawless, however, because where matters are not accepted by all, two conflicting statements of "I am certain" cannot both be correct. Ethics and religion, subjective and often contradictory matters, are a perfect example of this. Passionate conviction is rarely sufficient, and never necessary for justifying knowledge. Only through emotion can zeal for a cause justify truth, and even then only a part of the time. Passionate conviction, by eliminating all other doubts, may turn an "I am certain" into an "it is certain." Each claim has a separate axiom that is in each area of knowledge. Passionate conviction connects the personal with the passive assertions of certainty and sometimes justifies this certainty. Through every way certainty is determined, there is only one solid conclusion about it: "I am certain" may be to anyone, but "it is certain" must be to everyone. 1- http://www.amyscott.com/WAYS%20OF%20KNOWING%20LInking.pdf (Goethe) ...read more.

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