• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the key elements of Shabbat?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Shabbat Judaism is an ancient religion which originated in the Middle East and has spread throughout the world. Today the followers of Judaism have many tradition s and rituals in which are celebrated all year round in thanks and in praise to God. Shabbat is one of the most important rituals and is celebrated by nearly every variant of the Jewish Religion. In the Torah, Shabbat is signified as a day of rest for the Jews and features as the fourth commandment, ?Remember the Sabbath Day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labour and do all your work; but the seventh day. On it you shall not do any manner of work?For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea and all that in them is, and rested on the seventh day; wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath Day, and hallowed it." (Genesis 20: 8-10). As a response to Gods word from Genesis, Shabbat is respected and practised weekly. ...read more.


Two loaves of bread are placed on the table and a prayer is recited which praises the gift of food from God. The challah is an important symbol as it represents the double portion of manna which fell from the sky for the Jewish people who wandered the desert for 40 years. After these ceremonies have been completed, a fully kosher dinner is eaten. When finished the burkat ha-mazon is recited and they are free to do what they like. The next day, Shabbat generally follows the same structure. At 9am, families attend another service which follows into the afternoon, after which they return home and have a festive meal, which is acts as the third meal in Shabbat. Approximately 40 minutes after sunset or when three stars are visible, Havdalah is performed, to mark the end of Shabbat. It is a ?multi-sensory? ritual to thank God for the creation of the world, and involves prayer over a braided candle, spices and wine. ...read more.


Orthodox Jews, which is the strictest branch, keep Shabbat very holy and refrain from 39 activities specifically prohibited in the Torah. They perform every ritual and prepare all their food kosher. In comparison to reform, conservative is extremely different, many reform Jews do not observe Shabbat at all, or have made adjustments into the modern ages with less strictness. If they do celebrate Shabbat, families may have a dinner on the Friday night and light candles but will not avoid electricity and will go shopping etc. Then there is conservative which falls in the middle, they are not as lenient as reform but are not as strict as orthodox. It differs from family to family, as some may use electricity when some may not, but all families follows the traditional structure. Shabbat is one of the most important occurrences in the Jewish calendar and is a central part of the Jewish family and Jewish life. It is a time for friends and family to come together for meals, prayer, and relaxation. Although it is not celebrated by all Jews it remains sacred as Gods day of rest. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Judaism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Judaism essays

  1. Pesach is the biggest of the three pilgrim festivals, along with Sukkot and Shavuot ...

    and "Why is it that on all other nights we eat either sitting or reclining, but on this night we eat in a reclining position?" The answers to these questions all refer to the origins of the Jewish faith and helps a child understand why they eat and act out the things they do during the festival.

  2. In this essay I will be looking at symbolism and rituals. Shabbat is a ...

    as Jews say in Hebrew. Shabbat is a time to study the torah and reconnect with the family, friends and your self. When oil lamps were replaced with candles it was the custom to at least two lights, although in some homes a candle was lit for each member of the family.

  1. Being Jewish in Britain today

    Same as Orthodox Jews, Reform Jews try to keep themselves up with the modern world but unlike the Orthodox Jews, instead of putting mitzvot as the first thing they try to follow, Reform Jews consider that to keep up with the modern world is the more important thing.

  2. Grace After Meals

    The blessings we have studied may also help Jews change their attitude towards people in poverty by reminding us that we were once captured in Egypt and had similar conditions. Jews know a lot about the story of Egypt, and so if they know how Jews must have felt living

  1. Y Synagogue: "Ty cwrdd, Ty Gweddi, Ty Dysg"

    Bydd plant Iddewig yn siwr o deimlo rhwystradigaeth yn ystod gwyliau fel y Pesach pan na fyddant yn rhan o unrhyw gymdeithas arall. Gall hyn arwain at wrthdaro rhwng plant a rhieni, oherwydd y gwahanol reolau yma. Gyda cymaint o "pier pressure" mewn cymdeithas mae'n siwr fod Iddewon ifainc yn

  2. The Presence of so many divisions within Judaism suggests that it is no longer ...

    On the other side of the coin, there are relatively modern interpretations of Judaism, whose existence challenges the traditional fundamental principles of Judaism. The Jewish faith is unable to handle such progression. Thus divisions caused by progression from the fundamental principles of Judaism, weakens Judaism from a traditional point of view.

  1. a) Pesach is the biggest of the three pilgrim festivals, along with Sukkot and ...

    An extra cup of wine is poured and at some point during the Seder meal the door is opened, this is to welcome Elijah in because he, according to the bible, is going to herald the arrival of the Messiah.

  2. Explain how Mark shows the difference between Jesus and the Pharisees over the observance ...

    This way, very little Jews would have the ability to break the law consequently creating a wonderful image for Israel, as good religious followers. The reasons for hedging the original Mosaic Law, was because they felt that Israel had failed to keep it individually as well as a national duty.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work