• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the main strengths and weaknesses of teleological argument for the existence of god?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What are the main strengths and weaknesses of teleological argument for the existence of god? A teleological argument is an argument for the existence of god based on evidence of design in nature. Design in the universe, the existence of god. The teleological argument is considered to have certain basic notions of god that can be understood from the created order without needing references to any special revelation i.e., the bible, or messiahs. The Teleological Argument was described by Immanuel Kant as the 'oldest, clearest and most reasonable argument for the existence of God though he himself admitted to finding it personally unconvincing. Part of the argument's strength lies in its straightforwardness, it is a very simple argument to understand. One can relate to the argument as humans are considered to be designers themselves by nature, for example the watch analogy brought by Paley, so it is understandable for humans to think of things as having a purpose. The argument uses of analogy. Whether this is using a watch, an eye, or an acorn using concrete images to explain ideas and theories to help with the understanding of the argument by using in a context that can be easily understood. If the argument is easily understood, it is understandable that it will become a more convincing line of argument. Aquinas backs up the teleological argument. ...read more.

Middle

A major problem with the design argument is the fact that whilst some of the universe may seem well designed there is much that could be considered bad design, natural disasters for example. This creates a whole host of problems with the main thrust being that with all of the features of bad design that we find, any designer or 'blind watchmaker' as Richard Dawkins put it, would possibly have to be either not wholly good or not wholly powerful. Mill chose to maintain God's goodness, thus accepting that God was limited in some way, although Mill said he could not tell by what or by whom. If one of the aforementioned flaws in the designer is not the case then it is difficult to argue a case for the existence of a designer of a world, which exhibits so many elements of 'bad design'. David Hume put forward the thought that if it could be proved that there is design in our world, who is to say whether the Designer is not in fact referring to more than one designer, in other words designers. Hume also suggested that the designer(s) could be stupid or even downright evil, whatever the case may be it is hard to think of any of these properties could be proven. He also asked whether the order we see is imposed upon the chaos in which we live by humans, who insist upon finding a pattern and a meaning where non may exist. ...read more.

Conclusion

Even if a pattern should eventually emerge in the future it does not necessarily mean it would bolster the strength of the design argument for any pattern could simply be nature's way of surviving. Perhaps those who fit this pattern survive, whilst the rest perish. It could even be that human race is the survivor of a million failed worlds. One may also question the use of analogy, which can be found in many forms of the Design Argument. It is quite right to say that we are not comparing like with like and so one could conclude that the use of analogy fails as a result. In conclusion I personally believe that the introduction of modern scientific theories, through the years have managed to disprove many people's beliefs that the universe has been designed. The introduction of these theories has planted an element of doubt into people's minds (those who believe in the teleological theory). The new theories provide a much more logical explanation of the creation of the universe. To be fair, however, all the theories brought by previous philosophers such as Paley and Aquinas their theories may have produced answer for their present situation. However, for our discoveries and situations that we are faced in, the scientific theories that are presented to us seem more logical. Who knows whether the current scientific theories will last, considering there is are new discoveries all over the world, which calls for new theories to be made. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Discuss the teleological argument for the existence of God. How viable is this argument?

    However, if I see a watch lying on the ground I cannot reasonably account for it in a similar way. A watch consists of a complex arrangement of wheels, cogs, axles, springs, and balances, all operating accurately together to provide a regular measurement of the lapse of time.

  2. Outline the Contribution that Process Theology Makes to Solving the Problem of Evil & ...

    In any case, the idea that a world with evil is preferable to no world at all is purely subjective. Irving Greenburg stated that no theological statement should be made unless it could be accepted in the presence of a burning child.

  1. The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Cosmological Argument

    Aquinas tries to prove that a neccessary being has an existence that is independant of evrything else, is external; it has always existed and will never cease to exist and it has to exist; it is impossible that it could be different, no matter how past, present or future circumstances might vary.

  2. The Teleological Argument.

    A.E Taylor states 'nature reveals an anticipatory design that chance evolution cannot account for. For example, the body's need for the oxygen and the bodily membranes it anticipate us inhaling oxygen.' He also describes how insects deposit their eggs in a place where the newly born will be able to find food relatively easily.

  1. What are the key features of the design argument for the existence of God? ...

    Other evidence includes Newton's laws of nature to explain regularity in the universe and he argues that this regularity could not occur without a designer imposing it. Paley's teleological approach comprises of two arguments, the first being design qua purpose and the second design qua regularity.

  2. David Hume is the main opponent of the design argument. Provide a summary of ...

    What are the differences between the argument to design and the argument from design? The argument from design is formally given in these three ways: * Objects in nature are analogous to non-made machines. * Man-made machines are the result of intelligent design. * Analogous effects will have analogous causes.

  1. Outline the design argument for the existence of God.

    unveiled his Theory of Evolution. If this theory is correct (and today this is widely accepted) then there never was a designer, instead life evolved over many billions of years. This means that there is no need for a designer, and consequently means that the Design Argument fails to provide an explanation for the existence of God.

  2. Outline the Design Argument for the Existence of God

    development, and if there had been even minute changes in things such as particle size, then life would most likely not have developed. The anthropic principle completely contradicts the theory that a chain of coincidental events led to evolution of human life.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work