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What are the strengths of the design argument? Comment on some of the criticisms raised against this argument

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Introduction

The Design Argument What are the strengths of the design argument? Comment on some of the criticisms raised against this argument. The design argument has been argued by many philosophers over hundreds of years. The design argument suggests that the world displays elements of design, with things being adapted towards some overall end or purpose and such design suggests that the world is the work of a designer - God. Two of the main philosophers to argue this point were Aquinas and Paley but many others since have tried to back these up with there own approaches for example Swinburne with the argument from probability. With all arguments there have been criticisms raised against it with Hume being the main one but others include the Epicurean Hypothesis, Darwin and Dawkins. The main strengths are that it is a solid argument, based on experience that people can relate to, there being a huge chance that things were designed is a probable outcome, its logical, it makes sense and it is believable. ...read more.

Middle

But then people have argued that suffering is there for a reason and its part of 'the test'. Next he argued that God is too different to us and transcends human understanding and by using the design argument you lesson God as we are finite and God in infinite. This was a fair point as it's hard for a finite being to grasp infinity, but we are rational beings and should try to grasp ungraspable. Lastly he says that it is not a good analogy as the universe is more like an animal or vegetable than a machine, because it grows of its own accord. A cabbage may be a better analogy, but machines grow too and plants themselves are like machines. The Epicurean Hypothesis is another criticism of the design argument. The first premise of this syllogism states that at the time of creation, the universe was made up of particles in random motion. This was a state of chaos. ...read more.

Conclusion

He argued that natural selection gives the appearance of design, which leads to a mistaken belief in a designer. He wrote a book called 'The Blind Watchmaker' which argued that variations in the world are caused by random mistakes in DNA. He also produced a computer model which showed how intelligent life could evolve naturally. The problem with his argument is that someone had to write the programme and set the parameters which suggest a designer and experience shows that we can breed features into species by selecting the ones with the desired characteristics and then breeding them over a few generations. It has also been argued that we choose our mate on a genetic basis, which could mean programming. I conclude that the design argument does not prove the God of Classical Theism but then again the criticisms do not disprove it. If both sides of the argument are examined then it is really down to the person whether they believe that the universe was created by a designer and that designer being God as there are strong points made for and against the argument and neither can be logically false. ...read more.

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