• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What do you find particularly horrifying about the world, which E.M. Forster creates?

Extracts from this document...


What do you find particularly horrifying about the world, which E.M. Forster creates? 'The Machine Stops' by E.M Forster features Vashti as the main character and explores the impact of technology on our world. Forster uses explicit shocking visceral imagery of the predicted future, symbolism, dramatic dialogue and other literary techniques throughout the novel to create images and messages that are horrifying about a world that is dominated by technology. Forster introduces the novel protagonist using visceral imagery to highlight to the reader the unattractive appearance of Vashti and her health condition in the Machine World: "there sits a swaddled lump of flesh- a woman ..." Forster's use of sibilance coveys the disturbing image of Vashti's physical appearance. He describes Vashti as a 'lump of flesh', which indicates that she has formless muscles, probably the result of lack of exercise. Forster uses 'flesh' rather than 'woman' to describe Vashti, which dehumanises her overall personality and physical appearance. It also implies that she does not behave like a human and does not have any moral value in the Machine World. ...read more.


Therefore she is pale and has not grown. The simile that compares Vashti's face with fungus indicates to the reader her difference to us. The alliterative repetition of 'F' makes the reader pause and reflect the words used to relate the protagonist to the 'fungal imagery'. It reinforces the harshness of the 'fungal imagery' and the health condition of human beings in the Machine world. The 'fungal imagery' also symbolises that this lifestyle can be 'contagious' and 'poisonous', just like that of a virus. In addition, Forster describes Vashti's house explicitly by using confined space imagery to explain why she is unhealthy: "...small room, hexagonal in shape, like the cell of a bee..." She lives in such a small, unusual shaped room-hexagonal that there is virtually no space for her to move. A beehive is dark and small therefore this confined space is detrimental to her health and lifestyle. Forster uses a simile, 'like the cell' to suggest that she is trapped in her house, an organic prison cell. ...read more.


In addition, the Book is compared to the Bible. Forster uses a personal pronoun, 'their Book' to highlight that humans worship the Book as if it is a Bible and provide answers to everything. Even when humans are in trouble towards the end of the novel, they spend their strength praying to 'their Books' instead of saving themselves manually. Ironically, the Machine is an 'enemy of superstition' but in reality, humans treat it as a 'god', which is a superstitious act. Therefore, Forster shows that humans have lost their belief in their own abilities to control their lives, which is particularly horrifying. Forster uses similes, different types of imagery, dramatic dialogue and a prolonged comparison of the Machine to God to create what I consider to be a particularly horrifying representation of a dehumanised Machine world, where humans have lost their humanity and worship the man-made Machine. Forster criticises these negative aspects of technology in modern society. He also echoes his concern of the impact of modern technology has on human beings' health and lifestyle through rich imagery. This is perhaps a warning or a prediction for the further generation to consider the impact of technology has in modern society. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Deconstructing O'Connor's "A Good Man Is Hard to Find".

    The grandmother, at last, denies God's grace: "Maybe he didn't raise the dead", which the Misfit objects: "I wasn't there so I can't say He didn't". The role of the two characters is now vice versa. The grandmother, who is supposed to display her faith in God, reveals her true

  2. T H E C O S M O L O G ...

    Velecky points out that Aquinas was already a firm believer, and wrote for a world which accepted Aristotelian categories - he would never have expected the arguments (which he treats very briefly) to have had the weight they have subsequently been given.

  1. To what extent the Hare Krishna movement can be described as a cult

    None have ever had complete accuracy. Joseph Smith gave at least 10 well-documented false prophecies. The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society has fourteen false predictions. Mr. Armstrong has given at least ten false predictions. How does the Bible tell us to detect a false prophet? If even one of their predictions fail, then we know they were not sent by God.

  2. I relate to the feelings of Jennifer the most, she is angry that the ...

    we deal with those changes defines how well we get through life. There are many reactionary townsfolk dead set against the changes while many of the youths embrace the new and exciting. Yes, something, in a town where nothing ever did.

  1. Free essay

    how the world began

    At some time, a portion of this randomness happened to form a bubble, with a temperature in excess of 10 to the power of 34 degrees Kelvin. Being that hot, naturally it expanded. For an extremely brief and short period, billionths of billionths of a second, it inflated.

  2. T H E D E S I G N A R ...

    The purpose of telling the time. You would conclude that the watch was designed by an intelligent mind. Even if the watch was broken or damaged you would still conclude that it had been designed by and intelligent mind. Even if you could not understand all of its working parts

  1. The Glass Prison

    These 12 steps lead the person to make amends with his past, to the search for forgiveness from those he's done harm, the spiritual redemption and the meeting with God. AA's step 1 / 12: 1. We admitted we were powerless over alcohol - that our lives had become unmanageable

  2. Looking at Aldous Huxley's, A Brave New World.

    It is neither fair nor acceptable as a starting point. The people in A Brave New World were made on a conveyer belt of genetic tinkering. They were programmed from the embryo stage to carry out a specific duty. They "exist" as human machines.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work