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What is euthanasia?

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Introduction

Coursework 2 Euthanasia Part a) i) What is Euthanasia? The word euthanasia comes from Greek and means 'easy death'. The dictionary explains euthanasia as the act of killing someone painlessly, especially to relieve suffering from an incurable illness. It is also known as mercy killing. Euthanasia is always for the benefit of the person who will die and in most cases, the person who will die asks for it, but in some cases, that person cannot make the request. There are many situations in which a person may request euthanasia, and this is called voluntary euthanasia, for example, a terminally ill person, a paralysed person and even a person who is depressed. ...read more.

Middle

Active euthanasia is illegal. Active euthanasia is when action is taken to bring a person's life to an end; for example, a lethal dose of a drug being administered. Passive euthanasia is when the decision is made to stop giving treatment, even though death may be the result. Involuntary euthanasia is when another person makes the decision that it would be best for the person's life to end because the person is unable to make the decision for himself or herself, for example, if they are in a coma or only a few hours old. ...read more.

Conclusion

Who decides whether the person should live or die and how do we know that this person can make a fair and reliable decision? There may be selfish reasons why the doctor or person making the decision does not want the person to live. For example, if they were due to inherit something upon the person's death. Therefore, if euthanasia should be allowed, how can it be decided who makes the decisions if the person is not in a position to make the decision for themselves. Some people think that euthanasia should never be allowed because it might be abused and used as a cover for murder. ...read more.

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