• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is Jainism?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Jainism What is Jainism? One of the oldest religions in the world Jainism is centred on the search for infinite knowledge and ultimate enlightenment. Practiced through 3 basic principals Jainism is founded upon Non-Violence, Penance and Self Control. The name "Jainism" derives from the Sanskrit word meaning "follower of the Jina, or conqueror". Established in our era by Lord Mahavir ("the Great Hero") in the sixth century BCE who is considered to be the last in a list of 24 "Tirthankaras". What is a Tirthankara? A prophet of Jainism who has conquered all the desires and has obtained infinite knowledge and wisdom, they lay down the path for the spiritual uplift of humanity. There are 24 Tirthankaras: first known is Rushabhdev and Lord Mahavira Svami being the last, born 2,500 years ago. Born in 599 BC, Mahavir was a prince who left his worldly belongings and at the age 30 became a monk, he then spent 12 years in meditation. He established a monastic community into four groups: Sadhu (monk), Sadvi (nun), Shravak (layman) and Shravika (laywoman) this community being the oldest continually surviving monastic community in the world. ...read more.

Middle

The two main sects of Jains are divided into Digambara and Svetambara, both claiming that authority for the most ancient texts derives from Mahavir, that was in turn enunciating sacred truths passed onto him from Tirthankaras before him. Handed down orally in the monastic communities, the sacred literature was not written down until about 500 CE. The main differences between these two traditions of Jainism are that Digambaras believe that humans engage in no bodily functions or worldly activity, preaching by divine sound. Svetambaras see the Jina as engaging in normal bodily functions and activity whilst at the same time enjoying omniscient recognition. The Digambaras stress absolute nudity resulting in women unable to attain purity, as they are unable to live completely naked, they can only aspire to a Siddha by being re born as a man. Svetambaras emphasise optional nature of nudity, wearing a simple white robe being permitted, and enabling women to conquer purity. Jainism stresses that each person is responsible for his or her own destiny. Man is born individually and dies the same, he alone can help himself by his own effort, and through right knowledge and right vision and right conduct he can attain ultimate state of emancipation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Navka Mantra 1. Salutations to the victors - ARHATS, the Arhat is the living being of the highest goal in Jainism. 2. Salutations to the SIDDHA, Siddhas are the liberated soul, free from the cycle of birth and death. 3. Salutations to the head spiritual teachers called Acharyas. 4. Salutations to the teachers. 5. Salutations to the monks. The writing in the centre of the palm is the word Ahimsa. The hand signifies friendly re-assurance. Namaskar Mantra: Namo Arithantanam - I bow to the arithantas - the ever-perfect spiritual victors. Namo Siddhanam - I bow to the Siddhas - the liberated souls Namo Ayraiyanam - I bow to the ayraiyanam - the leaders of the Jain order. Namo Uvajjhayanam - I bow to the upadhyayas - the learned preceptors. Namo Loe SavvaSahunam- I bow to all the saints and sages everywhere in the world. Eso Panch Namukkaro - These five obeisances. Savva Pavappanasano - Erase all sins. Manglalananch Savvesim - Amongst all that is auspicious. Padhamam Havai Mangalam - This is the foremost. In the above prayer, Jains do not ask for any favours or material benefits from the Tirthankaras, monks or nuns. By saluting them, Jains receive the inspiration from the five benevolent for the right path of true happiness and total freedom from the misery of life. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Hinduism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Hinduism essays

  1. Descriptive Writing

    glanced across to the lake you can see fisher men on Styrofoam floats doing their daily duties. We wanted to see how they worked so after getting used to the floats, we were able to go into the middle of the deep and dark waters of the lake.

  2. Describe a visit to a Hindu place of pilgrimage, explaining its importance to believers.

    One interesting act in the atonement ritual is the 'shadow-gift': repentant sinners look at their reflections in a cup of melted butter and then present the cup as a gift to a priest. Pilgrimage can affect people in many different ways it can positive affect or negative affect.

  1. Hinduism - Death and the afterlife AO1, AO2, AO3

    Ghandi is an example of a Hindu who follows their beliefs; he doesn't use violence and has a lot of religious tolerance. He taught people how to use a spinning wheel and developed them into better people. He doesn't do things for himself but for the benefit of other people, he suffers so that other people can live better lives.

  2. The Nature of Belief

    They say a prayer (Aarti) which involves praising Bhagvan and thanking him for giving them life. In India there are travelling groups of musicians and dancers who take their performance into the villages and towns.

  1. Hindus and respect for life.

    Independence, when it came in 1947, was not a military victory, but a triumph of human will. To Gandhi's despair, however, the country was partitioned into Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan. The last two months of his life were spent trying to end the appalling violence, leading him fast to

  2. Creative writing- emotions and feelings- new experiences

    The week passed quickly with us going to different temples and places every day. It came time for the final trip. The massive light and sound show at Karnak, the first temple we had visited. This time we came at night for the show.

  1. Attacks on religious minotirties in Bangaladesh

    people, and to foster and to improve the national language, literature and the arts that all sections of the people are afforded the opportunity to contribute towards and to participate in the enrichment of the national culture." The Eighth amendment to the constitution further commented that trend by making Islam the state religion.

  2. Hinduism and Islam on human relationships.

    man to have many wives but now it is only practised by a minority of Muslims who mainly live in the Middle-East. Here I will discuss the marriage ceremonies and symbols linked to both Hinduism and Islam Hinduism The Hindu marriage ceremony has several steps.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work