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What is Knowledge? Explain and Illustrate

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Introduction

What is Knowledge? Explain and Illustrate Knowledge by definition must be always correct, or totally incapable of being incorrect. There are many questions associated with knowledge; some of which being * Can we know? * Can we know that God created the universe? * What sort of things can we know? * Can we know things actually exist just through perception? * What conditions have to be fulfilled to say that you know something? The Plato/Ayre model is as follows: * A Proposition must be true. * I must believe that the proposition is true. * I must have good reason for believe that the proposition is true. This is also known as the tripartite definition, which sets criteria for one to actually know something. However; there are different types of knowledge. Knowing How Knowledge can be concerned with skills, such as swimming, driving or scuba- diving. This form of knowledge is sometimes referred to by the Latin word 'A Posterioi' knowledge, which means that this form of knowledge is gained by experience, or by learning how to do something. Propositional Knowledge Propositional knowledge is generally knowledge of facts, such as 'The grass is green' or 'I am sitting in this room'. This brings us back to the Tripartite definition of knowledge - The fact that 'the grass is green' is true, because myself and other people believe ...read more.

Middle

People could argue that Intuition is purely just belief within our senses. Animals are said to be 'born with innate knowledge' or 'genetically programmed' to know that certain foods aren't to be digested, and birds know to fly South during winter, but then the question is asked "How to birds know that they need to fly South and how do they know which direction is South?' - The most obvious answer is intuition. Belief To know something isn't always believing it, and believing something isn't always knowing something. For example someone could make the following statement - "God Exists" - of course this cannot be proved correct or incorrect. That person could say "I know this because I have felt the tangible effects of God and therefore I believe and have good reason to believe" however this does not fulfil the criteria set in the Tripartite Definition, as it states 'A proposition must be true' and there is no evidence for proving the existence of God. Belief is a subjective condition of knowing (The objective being - I know it, therefore it is true). It is said that if you truly believe something, you must be willing to act upon it. Also, you could be told something, which is completely unjustified, is it then your choice whether to believe this statement or not. Experience Some experience is somewhat vague. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is another way of proving that knowledge is not justified true belief. Sometimes, we merely believe assertions, which again, makes assertions justified true belief; however this is not knowledge, is the assertion turns out to be false, as it is not knowledge without the proposition actually being true. Knowledge and belief are two completely different things, opposite in fact. Knowledge must be objective to be considered 'knowledge' whereas belief is subjective meaning 'taking place within the mind and modified by individual bias' or 'cognition is an immanent act of mind'. As our senses can sometimes deceive us, we may believe something to be true, and have sufficient evidence to belief that it is true (ie, we can see it, hear it, smell it, taste it, and touch it) however; this could not actually be true. Truth and knowledge are not the same thing; the 'Correspondence theory of truth' applies to empirical statements, tested by observation, but not something along the lines of "If Chamberlain had not appeased Hitler there would not have been a war" this cannot be referred to as true as no such event occurred, and although someone believes this with sufficient evidence, there is no way of proving it's truth, therefore this justified true belief cannot be referred to as knowledge. In my opinion, knowledge is not the same as justified true belief, because, as explained earlier, true belief which has been justified could just be misperception within our senses. ...read more.

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