• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is Knowledge? Explain and Illustrate

Extracts from this document...


What is Knowledge? Explain and Illustrate Knowledge by definition must be always correct, or totally incapable of being incorrect. There are many questions associated with knowledge; some of which being * Can we know? * Can we know that God created the universe? * What sort of things can we know? * Can we know things actually exist just through perception? * What conditions have to be fulfilled to say that you know something? The Plato/Ayre model is as follows: * A Proposition must be true. * I must believe that the proposition is true. * I must have good reason for believe that the proposition is true. This is also known as the tripartite definition, which sets criteria for one to actually know something. However; there are different types of knowledge. Knowing How Knowledge can be concerned with skills, such as swimming, driving or scuba- diving. This form of knowledge is sometimes referred to by the Latin word 'A Posterioi' knowledge, which means that this form of knowledge is gained by experience, or by learning how to do something. Propositional Knowledge Propositional knowledge is generally knowledge of facts, such as 'The grass is green' or 'I am sitting in this room'. This brings us back to the Tripartite definition of knowledge - The fact that 'the grass is green' is true, because myself and other people believe ...read more.


People could argue that Intuition is purely just belief within our senses. Animals are said to be 'born with innate knowledge' or 'genetically programmed' to know that certain foods aren't to be digested, and birds know to fly South during winter, but then the question is asked "How to birds know that they need to fly South and how do they know which direction is South?' - The most obvious answer is intuition. Belief To know something isn't always believing it, and believing something isn't always knowing something. For example someone could make the following statement - "God Exists" - of course this cannot be proved correct or incorrect. That person could say "I know this because I have felt the tangible effects of God and therefore I believe and have good reason to believe" however this does not fulfil the criteria set in the Tripartite Definition, as it states 'A proposition must be true' and there is no evidence for proving the existence of God. Belief is a subjective condition of knowing (The objective being - I know it, therefore it is true). It is said that if you truly believe something, you must be willing to act upon it. Also, you could be told something, which is completely unjustified, is it then your choice whether to believe this statement or not. Experience Some experience is somewhat vague. ...read more.


This is another way of proving that knowledge is not justified true belief. Sometimes, we merely believe assertions, which again, makes assertions justified true belief; however this is not knowledge, is the assertion turns out to be false, as it is not knowledge without the proposition actually being true. Knowledge and belief are two completely different things, opposite in fact. Knowledge must be objective to be considered 'knowledge' whereas belief is subjective meaning 'taking place within the mind and modified by individual bias' or 'cognition is an immanent act of mind'. As our senses can sometimes deceive us, we may believe something to be true, and have sufficient evidence to belief that it is true (ie, we can see it, hear it, smell it, taste it, and touch it) however; this could not actually be true. Truth and knowledge are not the same thing; the 'Correspondence theory of truth' applies to empirical statements, tested by observation, but not something along the lines of "If Chamberlain had not appeased Hitler there would not have been a war" this cannot be referred to as true as no such event occurred, and although someone believes this with sufficient evidence, there is no way of proving it's truth, therefore this justified true belief cannot be referred to as knowledge. In my opinion, knowledge is not the same as justified true belief, because, as explained earlier, true belief which has been justified could just be misperception within our senses. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. What are the differences between "I am certain" and "it is certain", and is ...

    If we are generous to George W. Bush II, we could say that he was passionately convinced of the existence of Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq, and that, that 'knowledge' prompted him to bring that country to ruin. Again being generous to Bush II, we can say that it

  2. Is Perception the Source and Basis of Knowledge?

    They strengthen their arguments by saying that you need experience to have the skill of reasoning, and so without experience reason isn't possible.

  1. Explain and illustrate the differences between prepositional and non-prepositional revelation.

    Wittgenstein explained his argument in this way, "Seeing as drawing a line of dots may mean something different to someone else", he also believed, everything can mean something different as it is concerned with the way in which people interpret things.

  2. Is there knowledge we should not seek? Or is all knowledge inherently a good ...

    According to Mao's Theory of Antinomy, [SBSB2]any matter has two opposite sides, harmfulness and beneficence.

  1. One definition of knowledge is true belief based on strong evidence. What makes evidence

    Facts acquired from scientific experiments seem to be very strong evidence of truth. But these facts are only useful in a small branch of knowledge. Faith is a common way of knowing for people all around the world. It is not unnatural for people to believe that there is a superior being or that death is not the end.

  2. God: a definition

    To be in accord with the Tao, one has to "do nothing", that is nothing strained, artificial, or unnatural. In the Tao Te Ching, Lao-tzu tells us that through "spontaneous compliance with the impulses of one's essential nature " and by emptying oneself of all doctrines and knowledge, one achieves

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work