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what is meant by the word abortion

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Introduction

a) What is meant by the word 'abortion'? A dictionary definition of the word 'abortion' is: 'the removal of a baby from the womb before it has developed enough to survive' 1. I think the given dictionary definition is an accurate description of the meaning of 'abortion' which is basically terminating a pregnancy before the developing foetus is born or able to survive, opposed to a spontaneous and natural abortion which is a miscarriage. However, terminating a pregnancy is usually a very emotional and hard decision to make and women decide to have abortions for many different reasons. A woman may decide to abort her developing foetus because she might already have several young children who are difficult to control and expensive to look after and therefore decide that it would be too inconvenient and stressful to have another young child. Women who have become pregnant as a result of rape may therefore feel that having the child would be a constant reminder of the tragic event and decide to abort the child. ...read more.

Middle

In the United Kingdom the Abortion Act of 1967 states that abortion is legal up to 24 weeks into the pregnancy. Abortions are only allowed to be carried out with the consent of two doctors; however doctors have the right to refuse consent for an abortion if they feel the circumstances aren't justified or sufficient enough for an abortion or it may be because they believe abortion is wrong. The Abortion Act states that if any doctor sees any moral discomfort to an abortion then they have the right to not give consent. Women have to present doctors with justified reasons in order for them to give consent for the abortion and persuade the doctors that their reasons are sufficient. The Abortion Act also states that the father of the foetus does not need to be informed or give approval for the abortion; it is solely the decision of the woman however many women do consult their partners/husbands. It also states that anyone is entitled to an abortion and young girls under the age of 16 can have abortions ...read more.

Conclusion

Whenever a woman is considering an abortion she is always informed of alternatives to abortion such as adoption. In some countries such as Ireland, Malta, Chile and in countries which are predominantly Catholic, abortion is banned. In America the law concerning abortion varies from state to state and there are usually stricter laws concerning abortion in the Southern States, in which abortion laws are particularly strict. It isn't unusual for Americans to travel to different states to have an abortion as some offer abortion on demand with as little as a 24 hour waiting period. There are several organizations that campaign for or against abortion. SPUC: Society for the Protection of the Unborn Child who like their name suggests campaign against abortion and believes abortion is destroying human life. The All-Party Parliamentary Pro-Choice Group (PCA) campaign for abortion and believe that women have the right to an abortion up to 14 weeks into the pregnancy and they do not need to give reasons. 1 Oxford Pocket School Dictionary, Joyce M.Hawkins, Oxford University Press 1999 2 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/7494807.stm 3 http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23401185-details/Level+of+abortions+reaches+record+high+of+200,000+a+year/article.do 4 http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-23401185-details/Level+of+abortions+reaches+record+high+of+200,000+a+year/article.do ?? ?? ?? ?? Alice Reilly 1 ...read more.

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