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What is Racism and its History in USA

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Alice Wei 491200485 Literary Criticism: Identity, Trauma and Globalization Dr. Kate Liu Group Report Paper 19th Nov. 2004 What is Racism and its History in USA When the word "racism" comes to peoples' minds, first idea that hops into their minds is probably something relevant to skin color, particularly those who are Blacks. Such idea, as a matter of fact, originates from the idea of "bigotry," which designates an obstinate or blind attachment to a particular belief, unreasonable enthusiasm in favor of a party, sect or opinion; excessive prejudice or intolerance (Newman 9). What is more, the idea of racism usually comes with the stereotyped representations upon that particular race, whether or not they may be positive, or negative images. In America, for instance, the positive stereotyped representations of the Blacks exists in films as well as television programs include images associated with sports, rapping and tap dancing, which such trait has been more and more expressed in movies, magazines as well as other types of media (Barker 212). Nevertheless, with such positive images of the Blacks, this certainly does not designate that the white Americans do not impose any prejudicial views against the Blacks. In contrast, in America, what has been revealed in the societies within the nation was quite different than the general positive publicized images, because even today in the 21st century, racism and prejudice against the Blacks still is practiced, from offices, schools, hospitals, to governmental institutions, significantly. ...read more.


For instance, in the 1980s, the unemployment rate for Black men was relatively high compared to the whites, which was 11.8 to 4.8 percent. In addition, it was also suggested that those in work force, over the age of sixteen, were represented by merely 70% of the Black men, compared with 77% of the white. Moreover, not to mention how the occupation ranks within the Blacks remained in a much lower class compared with the whites. For example, while there are 30% of the white men and 26% of the women working in professional specialties in the 1980s, the results made up by the Blacks only indicates 15 and 19%, which was comparatively much lower compared with the whites2. Likewise, in terms of climbing up the ladder to higher ranks in work forces, Small points out that it usually takes more time for the Blacks to ascend to a higher rank, even in scholarly fields within colleges. For one thing, while there are many white professors in American universities, the Blacks usually only get to be lecturers or the best, associate professors, and not professors (Small 53). Nevertheless, despite the fact that racism was seriously revealed in work fields, this does not mean that it had completely escaped from the fields of education, where is considered as a place that students could be equally treated. ...read more.


Newman Layfield, 76). Furthermore, this cardiologist has provided an illustration to his point, which he evokes that when there are two people, one Black and one white, entering the hospital, both need heart surgeries, with equal insurance coverage and social economic background, the doctors at the hospital would unhesitatingly treat the white patient first, and not the Black ((Newman and E. Newman Layfield, 77). Additionally, racism in America today also revealed in education once more, particularly regarding the issue of the re-segregation on college campus. Instead, it appears that even the Blacks and whites no longer go to different schools and attend different classes together, now it still seems that the two races do not mingle together as expected; instead, both the whites and the Blacks scattered in different groups around campus3. Moreover, results also reveal that the new re-segregation policy has come to existence within public schools in America, with those integrated schools under attack. Undoubtedly, racism is still a problem today in America, even though the Blacks in England assume that those Blacks in America do live a better life (Small 6). In reverse, results and statistics do reveal that they evidently do not, currently, not to mention all the racial issue problems still exist in America today, with people still perceive these Blacks as products, gluing them with certain types of stereotypes, whether or not it is good or bad, by group, and not choose to look at each one of the Blacks individually4. ...read more.

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