• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What place is there for the Design Argument in the 21st Century?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What place is there for the Design Argument in the 21st Century? The word teleological came from the Greek word telos, which means end or purpose. The nature of this is that something positive occurs. It is usually known as a design argument. All design arguments are inductive and a posteriori; there are numerous types of arguments with various philosophers giving them different names. The Teleological Argument is one of the famous design arguments and has been disputed by many philosophers but also design arguments in general. Teleology, in philosophy is about a term applied to any system attempting to explain events in terms ends, purposes and objectives that are trying to be achieved. William Paley (1743-1805) developed the Teleological Argument further. He said that, one day you were walking in a forest and you saw a stone, it would be absurd to ask how did the stone get there in the first place. First of all, a person would not likely ask a question such as that about the stone but the stone could have been there all the time and so a conclusion will not be discovered. However, if you were walking in the forest one day, as you were walking you noticed a watch and then examined the watch to work out its function, you would come to the conclusion that the designer of the watch is intelligent and it is not product of random formation. ...read more.

Middle

Death is provided to end suffering for a particular person, which indicates a sympathetic God. There have been many criticisms of the Design Argument. One of the criticisms came from David Hume. He criticised the argument twenty-three earlier before Paley developed the argument. He said that the concept of a design was limited. How could people assume that God designed a world or even the universe when we do not know what it is like to design a world and so how can we be sure of a designer? If the world was designed, God might not have designed the world since the world is finite and contains defects. If like causes have like effects then there is no reason to argue for an infinitive perfect designer. Since there is existence of evil and suffering, this cannot really support a conclusion of a good and perfect God. There could have been a committee of gods that created the universe. He said that the universe could be unique; it might have came in existence naturally like flowers. He also said that matter could have inner tendency towards order. A vegetable is a result of order that arises naturally. When people look at a vegetable, they do not consider who designed the vegetable. The same could be said about the universe, people see the universe as a clock instead of a vegetable. ...read more.

Conclusion

Any single minor change, for example, the strong nuclear force, life would not exist. It has lead to thinkers that the universe seems to be designed for the development of life. The Anthropic Principle has its weak points and its strong points. The weak points are that if things were not as they would not have been here to notice the Anthropic Principle. Another weak point is that it is self-evident. The strong points are that it claims it is the fortuitous string of chances is an indication of a designer. Another strong point is that it would point out that it would that it resorts to the concept of chance, with its difficulties. Teleologists have frequently identified the purpose in the universe with God's will. The Teleological Argument for the existence of God holds that order within the world cannot be accidental and that there is a designer. For the Design Argument to be taken seriously it must notice its facts about the world from which it is working from. The facts include Natural Selection: the presence of beauty and the higher human capacities, human beings causing pain to each other are beyond the control of human beings. However, the argument relies on probability and judgements made by individuals. The argument requires more persuasiveness than to its own logic. Since science is continually expanding, the argument requires logic and different scientific views will have different opinions about the creation of the universe. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. The Teleological Argument.

    Any slight variation in any of the mathematical laws of the universe would create chaos.' Therefore, this means that the fact that the world is designed means there is a designer - God. Today, modern science is also been able to produce evidence in support of the teleological argument.

  2. Outline the Design Argument for the Existence of God

    puts it all down to random mistakes in the DNA molecules of any life form. Many people agreed with, or supported Darwin, but many were outraged as it compromised the teachings of the Bible, and in a time when the public were predominantly Catholic, this was not the best idea.

  1. Free essay

    Comment on The Design Argument

    However, atheists can argue that the universe could not have been created by God as we haven't any clear evidence to prove the existence of God. We cannot see God so how can we believe in Him? How can God be all-knowing and love his creation when evil and suffering continues to dwell in certain parts of the world?

  2. 'Darwin's theory of Evolution undermined the Argument from Design'. Is this true?

    It is just assumed that God is responsible without explaining how. Whereas Natural selection can and does empirically explain the organised complexity of the universe: "Our own existence once presented the greatest of all mysteries, but...it is a mystery no longer....Darwin and Wallace solved it".

  1. Outline and Critically Evaluate the design Argument

    with other religious beliefs, he portrays an anti Judaic-Christian concept, questioning monotheism. As we ourselves can see, the world is far from perfect, Hume included, ..."faulty...first rude essay of some infant deity who afterwards abandoned it". Hume's theories closely link to a more scientific, modern approach to such arguments.

  2. Examine the design argument for the existence of God.

    take place; in other words: 'The Universe seems like a put up job.' 12 The Anthropic Principle claims that if there had been a minute change in the values of the strong nuclear force, or perhaps the charge of an electron - any life form would have been unlikely to develop.

  1. Explain the Ontological argument.

    It cannot be applied to a world that we know nothing about. Therefore Kant did not accept any conclusion that God caused the world to begin, because as humans we do not possess the question to transcend our experience. If God is a casual being outside of time and space

  2. A Big Bang Cosmological Argument for God's Nonexistence

    Cosmologists find no difficulty in the concept of a space that has zero dimensions (a spatial point) and that exists for an instant and a simple assertion that a 0D space cannot instantaneously exist seems to be an expression of an unwarranted scepticism.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work