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What place is there for the Design Argument in the 21st Century?

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Introduction

What place is there for the Design Argument in the 21st Century? The word teleological came from the Greek word telos, which means end or purpose. The nature of this is that something positive occurs. It is usually known as a design argument. All design arguments are inductive and a posteriori; there are numerous types of arguments with various philosophers giving them different names. The Teleological Argument is one of the famous design arguments and has been disputed by many philosophers but also design arguments in general. Teleology, in philosophy is about a term applied to any system attempting to explain events in terms ends, purposes and objectives that are trying to be achieved. William Paley (1743-1805) developed the Teleological Argument further. He said that, one day you were walking in a forest and you saw a stone, it would be absurd to ask how did the stone get there in the first place. First of all, a person would not likely ask a question such as that about the stone but the stone could have been there all the time and so a conclusion will not be discovered. However, if you were walking in the forest one day, as you were walking you noticed a watch and then examined the watch to work out its function, you would come to the conclusion that the designer of the watch is intelligent and it is not product of random formation. ...read more.

Middle

Death is provided to end suffering for a particular person, which indicates a sympathetic God. There have been many criticisms of the Design Argument. One of the criticisms came from David Hume. He criticised the argument twenty-three earlier before Paley developed the argument. He said that the concept of a design was limited. How could people assume that God designed a world or even the universe when we do not know what it is like to design a world and so how can we be sure of a designer? If the world was designed, God might not have designed the world since the world is finite and contains defects. If like causes have like effects then there is no reason to argue for an infinitive perfect designer. Since there is existence of evil and suffering, this cannot really support a conclusion of a good and perfect God. There could have been a committee of gods that created the universe. He said that the universe could be unique; it might have came in existence naturally like flowers. He also said that matter could have inner tendency towards order. A vegetable is a result of order that arises naturally. When people look at a vegetable, they do not consider who designed the vegetable. The same could be said about the universe, people see the universe as a clock instead of a vegetable. ...read more.

Conclusion

Any single minor change, for example, the strong nuclear force, life would not exist. It has lead to thinkers that the universe seems to be designed for the development of life. The Anthropic Principle has its weak points and its strong points. The weak points are that if things were not as they would not have been here to notice the Anthropic Principle. Another weak point is that it is self-evident. The strong points are that it claims it is the fortuitous string of chances is an indication of a designer. Another strong point is that it would point out that it would that it resorts to the concept of chance, with its difficulties. Teleologists have frequently identified the purpose in the universe with God's will. The Teleological Argument for the existence of God holds that order within the world cannot be accidental and that there is a designer. For the Design Argument to be taken seriously it must notice its facts about the world from which it is working from. The facts include Natural Selection: the presence of beauty and the higher human capacities, human beings causing pain to each other are beyond the control of human beings. However, the argument relies on probability and judgements made by individuals. The argument requires more persuasiveness than to its own logic. Since science is continually expanding, the argument requires logic and different scientific views will have different opinions about the creation of the universe. ...read more.

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