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What were the achivements of the Islamic Civilisation?

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Introduction

Islam, one of the most successful religions was started by Muhammad in Arabia and had a massive impact on the world. If it weren't for Islam the world would have been a very different place to live in. Muslims didn't always invent things; sometimes they improved on other people's inventions e.g. the number system, the astrolabe and much more. The first Muslims were Arabs and they went on to conquer many countries. They wrote down what they learned from these places and so this knowledge spread to all other Muslims. They became very advanced in art, architecture, science and mathematics and all this knowledge eventually spread to non-Muslim countries. Much of what we know today is based on the ideas formed by early Islamic scholars. The Islamic religion is based on "The Five Pillars" which are: faith, prayer, charity, fasting and pilgrimage. The first pillar was and still is faith in Allah and his teachings. The Muslims were very religious in fact the first thing a father taught his children was the Shahada. This phrase when spoken in Arabic is "La ilaha illa Allah; Muhammad rasul Allah". Muslims believed that the words in the Koran were exactly the same as God's. Also the world was made by God and people would be sent to heaven or hell. ...read more.

Middle

Along with Islamic studies they also taught poetry and maths. Girls sometimes went to school but only to learn about Islam. Islam was always the most important subject. More schools were opened because the Arabs needed law and business officials. After teenage years only rich children could carry on with studies and in 978 Egypt built the first university. The whole idea of having buildings for learning was thought of by early Islamic people. One of the biggest affects Islam has had on the rest of the world was its use of Mathematics. On their travels Arabs learned and improved a number system that was originally used by Indians. This new number system was much better than the one used by the Romans and was so good it is still used by everyone today. The most important branches of mathematics used in building, construction and engineering are algebra and geometry and Arab Muslims developed both. These are vital in the building of ships which was one of the reasons Muslims were so successful in conquering other lands and travelling to so many different, far away places. Geometry is useful in measuring land and algebra has formed the basis of the types of mathematics used in modern technology. Having a good number system meant that currencies could be developed which meant trading and businesses could grow. ...read more.

Conclusion

Later, other countries copied the Arabs new methods and instruments for sailing. The impact of Islam on the world has been huge. What began in Arabia at around 610 has spread all over the world to become a major religion with over a billion followers. Muslims knew from the beginning that education in science and other subjects was very important as well as learning about Islam. Through this knowledge about lots of other things, Islam would become more popular and expand into other lands. A key to the success of early Islam was that it took the work and knowledge of other people, such as Greeks, Indians and Chinese, and added to it. Learning helped to make Muslims into better farmers, traders, teachers, officials, travellers and soldiers. All these led to the Muslim religion becoming stronger and spreading to different people and lands. It was only until 1300 that Europe began to learn things from Muslims and the effect it had can still be seen today. Science, medicine, business, warfare, art and even architecture all come from old Islamic ideas. A vital part of Islam's success was that it had great religious unity. All Muslims believed in the same one god, Allah, the same rules, the Five Pillars and the same book, the Koran. This meant Muslims trusted each other and thought of each other as brothers. All achievements were seen as a way to help Islam to become bigger and stronger. ...read more.

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