• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the achivements of the Islamic Civilisation?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Islam, one of the most successful religions was started by Muhammad in Arabia and had a massive impact on the world. If it weren't for Islam the world would have been a very different place to live in. Muslims didn't always invent things; sometimes they improved on other people's inventions e.g. the number system, the astrolabe and much more. The first Muslims were Arabs and they went on to conquer many countries. They wrote down what they learned from these places and so this knowledge spread to all other Muslims. They became very advanced in art, architecture, science and mathematics and all this knowledge eventually spread to non-Muslim countries. Much of what we know today is based on the ideas formed by early Islamic scholars. The Islamic religion is based on "The Five Pillars" which are: faith, prayer, charity, fasting and pilgrimage. The first pillar was and still is faith in Allah and his teachings. The Muslims were very religious in fact the first thing a father taught his children was the Shahada. This phrase when spoken in Arabic is "La ilaha illa Allah; Muhammad rasul Allah". Muslims believed that the words in the Koran were exactly the same as God's. Also the world was made by God and people would be sent to heaven or hell. ...read more.

Middle

Along with Islamic studies they also taught poetry and maths. Girls sometimes went to school but only to learn about Islam. Islam was always the most important subject. More schools were opened because the Arabs needed law and business officials. After teenage years only rich children could carry on with studies and in 978 Egypt built the first university. The whole idea of having buildings for learning was thought of by early Islamic people. One of the biggest affects Islam has had on the rest of the world was its use of Mathematics. On their travels Arabs learned and improved a number system that was originally used by Indians. This new number system was much better than the one used by the Romans and was so good it is still used by everyone today. The most important branches of mathematics used in building, construction and engineering are algebra and geometry and Arab Muslims developed both. These are vital in the building of ships which was one of the reasons Muslims were so successful in conquering other lands and travelling to so many different, far away places. Geometry is useful in measuring land and algebra has formed the basis of the types of mathematics used in modern technology. Having a good number system meant that currencies could be developed which meant trading and businesses could grow. ...read more.

Conclusion

Later, other countries copied the Arabs new methods and instruments for sailing. The impact of Islam on the world has been huge. What began in Arabia at around 610 has spread all over the world to become a major religion with over a billion followers. Muslims knew from the beginning that education in science and other subjects was very important as well as learning about Islam. Through this knowledge about lots of other things, Islam would become more popular and expand into other lands. A key to the success of early Islam was that it took the work and knowledge of other people, such as Greeks, Indians and Chinese, and added to it. Learning helped to make Muslims into better farmers, traders, teachers, officials, travellers and soldiers. All these led to the Muslim religion becoming stronger and spreading to different people and lands. It was only until 1300 that Europe began to learn things from Muslims and the effect it had can still be seen today. Science, medicine, business, warfare, art and even architecture all come from old Islamic ideas. A vital part of Islam's success was that it had great religious unity. All Muslims believed in the same one god, Allah, the same rules, the Five Pillars and the same book, the Koran. This meant Muslims trusted each other and thought of each other as brothers. All achievements were seen as a way to help Islam to become bigger and stronger. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Hajj section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Hajj essays

  1. FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM

    during the first few days before the routine is established - and to eat or drink something by accident. Should someone who is fasting accidentally eat or drink something then this forgetfulness does not break the fast. In the Qur'an Muslims are told the following: If somebody eats or drinks

  2. Religious Education Hajj Coursework

    they will join the Ummah (family of Muslims because it is tradition to shave your head after completing Hajj). It will also be following Mohammed's examples, and this is too very important for all Muslims worldwide. There are many aims and hopes of the pilgrims that do the Hajj, with

  1. b) Explain why some Christians go ...

    A pilgrimage provides a safe and warm environment for believers to strengthen their relationship with God and fellow Christians. Since the belief in one omnipotent, omnipresent and omnibenevolent God can be considered 'blind faith', a physical place of worship can almost provide this missing tangible link, without which many find it difficult to achieve a spiritual connection.

  2. What is Islam?

    that, in the eyes of God, all are equal and deserving of His gifts. The next pillar in Islamic faith involves purification. The Fast, in Islamic belief, takes place in the month of Ramadan. All Muslims fast from first light until sundown, abstaining from food, drink, and sexual relations.

  1. Evangelism - Hyde Park Preacher Debate-Witnesses to Radical Muslims

    I love their passion, I am jealous of it. I love the passion they have, I wish we had the same. Therefore, I want to make sure we get Christians to have equal passion." When he is not standing on his small stepladder, waving the Koran in one hand and the Bible in the other, urging Muslims to leave

  2. Pilgrimage in Islam and Christianity.

    At Mecca In the Qur'an, Mecca is stated as the 'mother town'. Because it is the spiritual centre of Islam. Pilgrims arrive there in their hundreds of thousands every year at Hajj. Only Muslims are allowed into the holy city.

  1. What is meant by fasting?

    Later on, the majority of Muslims are ready to begin their day but they cannot brush their teeth so that has to be done before sunrise, the day is quite normal except nothing is to pass their lips. The month of Ramadan is spent praying and remembering Allah and the last prophet Muhammed.

  2. "What are Islamic sexual and moral codes and how are these affected by living ...

    Everything is permissible in Islam except for what God has prohibited either in Quran or Sunnah (which is a practical interpretation of the Quran). Many Islamic scholars also agree upon this view. "The Islamic sharia'h removes from human beings harmful burdensome customs and superstitions, aiming to simplify and ease the business of day to day living.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work