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Why are marriage rates declining?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why are marriage rates declining? Introduction: For my sociology project I am going to look at marriage and find out the different reasons for its downfall over the past few years. My aim is to find out why marriage is declining. The different things I am going to look at are > Divorce Rates > Cohabitation > Changes in women's roles > Decline in religious beliefs Divorce Rates: Divorce rates have increased over the past years. There are many reasons that people may decide to divorce. The different reasons are > Changes in the attitudes towards marriage > Legal changes > High expectations of a marriage Divorce has never been accepted in religion, but recently as it is becoming more and more popular, religious people are accepting it as a fact of life. Cohabitation: Cohabitation is when two people live together, but aren't legally married. Many people cohabite as it is a sort of trial for real married life. Most cohabiting couples end up getting married. Some say that marriage is becoming less fashionable and that cohabitation is a good alternative. Chester argues that cohabitation is just a phase. Some cohabiting couples also have children, out side a marriage. Up to 30% of births are outside marriage. Before cohabitation was seen as a deviant thing, but as time went on it became more and more socially accepted. Many people say that there are many disadvantages to cohabitation they are: > Living together before marriage increases the risk of divorce. One study found an increased risk of 46%. > Living together outside marriage increases the risk of domestic violence for women and the risk of physical and sexual abuse for children. One study found that the risk of domestic violence for women in cohabiting relationships was double that in married relationships; the risk is even greater for child abuse. > Unmarried couples have lower levels of happiness and well-being than married couples. ...read more.

Middle

My second interview was with my Dad- Ramesh Age -43 > Why do you think that women are choosing their careers instead of getting married? " I think that women are choosing careers instead of marriage, as before women used to get married so that they could get financial support. But now that women are successful many don't feel the need to get married." > Do you think that cohabitation is better than getting married? And why? " I think that cohabitation is not a good as marriage. With a marriage there are many advantages such as the support you get from one another, although cohabitating couples do support one another I feel that within a marriage there is more security" > What do you think the main reason for increasing divorce rates are? " I think that the main reasons for divorce is that when people get married they may not be aware of all of the responsibilities that come along with it. Some people may also change e.g. if someone has been married for 15years their partner may have changed and they end up growing apart. " My third interview was with my Aunty - Tara Kapadia > Why do you think that women are choosing their careers instead of getting married? " I think that women are choosing their careers because there are more jobs available to women now. Women re also becoming very successful in the work place. Some women rather wait until they have a good job and then they get married- which maybe at an older age." > Do you think that cohabitation is better than getting married? And why? I don't think that cohabitation is better than marriage; I think that when couples cohabitate they are giving themselves time to get to know each other. I also think that in the end most cohabiting couples do get married" > What do you think the main reason for increasing divorce rates are? ...read more.

Conclusion

But I feel that the interviews that I did do went excellently. If I had more time I think that I would expand my research- I could do marriage rates within different ethnicities, or I could have done the divorce rates of different ethnic people. I think that by doing a pilot study questionnaire really helped as I could improve it. After doing the pilot study I changed my questionnaire so that I was more understandable. One of the changes that I made was that I numbered and lettered my questions, making it easier to fill out. On the whole I feel that my research went smoothly and that I obtained accurate results through my research. Results of Questionnaire- why are Marriage Rates Declining? 1.Why do you think Divorce Rates are increasing? Yes No 18 17 A) People are getting married at a young age? 28 7 B) Divorce is becoming easier legally? 20 15 C) Because people have high expectations of their marriage, and are disappointed when these expectations are not met? Yes No 18 17 A) Should cohabiting couples have children? 28 7 B) Do you think that Cohabitation is more popular than marriage? 26 9 C) Do you think that most cohabiting couples eventually get married? 3. Some people believe that marriage has declined due changes in religious beliefs Yes No 20 15 A) Is religion another reason why marriage is declining? 18 17 B) Do you think only religious people get married? 22 13 C) Do you think most of the people that divorce, are non-religious? 4. Another reason that marriage has declined is because women are becoming equal to men, and are successful at work Yes No 24 11 A) Do you think that successful women are less likely to get married? 29 6 B) Do you think that marriage is a big responsibility? 19 16 C) Do you think that a women's career is becoming more important than getting married? 21 14 D) Do you think that marriage is declining because women are becoming breadwinners, and are more independent? Komal Patel 11GS Sociology 1 ...read more.

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