• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the German Reformation take root so easily between 1513 and 1530?h

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the German Reformation take root so easily between 1513 and 1530? The Reformation of the Catholic Church was always going to happen; it was just a question of when? For centuries the Church had been fighting off herises. In Germany between 1513 and 1530, it just so happened that a number of key factors for the Reformation co-insided. The clearly corrupted church and papacy; the development of printing; the arrival and actions of Martin Luther and public opinion; the absence of the Emperor in the 1520's and the way Erasmus and his writing had opened up the criticisms of the Papacy, these were all key factors of the German Reformation. I will examine these key factors. In the 1420's the people of the Holy Roman Empire were encouraged to believe in the second coming of Christ; they were worried about their day of Judgement and what would be thought of them. The Papacy took advantage of this and point so encouraged people to buy indulgences. It was in 1517 when the friar John Tetzal went to Germany in order to sell them. ...read more.

Middle

The German Church lacked leadership and it resented giving all their money to the Papacy, who were mostly Italian. When Luther wrote the theses he was seen as a prophet who had come to lead the way for the arrival of Christ. Luther was seen as a 'John the Baptist' character. With the development of printing, Luther's ideas were spread a lot quicker throughout Germany and beyond. In the 1520's Luther wrote three pamphlets, which expressed his ideas on Catholicism. The first was; 'Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation.' This pamphlet emphasised the corruption of the Papacy, with their sexual permissiveness, luxury and evil notions. The Church was more about money than God. Luther also made clear that priests were ordinary men, not closer to God, or to God's representations. The first pamphlet also introduced the idea of 'sola fide' to the ordinary Germans. This is the idea that by faith alone, you will go to heaven. The ideas of the first pamphlet were very successful, because it was what the German people wanted to believe. No longer were they condemned in eternal hell, or paying penance for their sins. ...read more.

Conclusion

Luther also received support from Catholic bishops who did not know whether Luther's theology was right or wrong. The bulk of Luther's support was from the common people; learned Germans who understood the theology behind his arguments alongside the peasants who just opposed the Papacy. Luther's support among the higher powers in Germany ensured his safety from church authorities, while his support from the common people spread his name across Germany. The absence of the Emperor in the 1520's was a great factor, which helped the Reformation. Charles V left Germany and went to Spain in 1522, for seven years. He appointed his younger brother Ferdinand to act as his regent but was reluctant to grant him the necessary independence of action to crush Lutheran challenge. Overall the Reformation took root so easily between 1513 and 1530, because Luther was used as a catalyst. He joined together the corruptness of the Church with the development of printing to spread his message quickly. Without the use of printing or the support of the public, Luther would have been ignored, excommunicated or executed like some of his predecessors. Without all the factors the Reformation would not have taken place. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Places of Worship section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Places of Worship essays

  1. THE CONFESSIONS OF AUGSBURG On 31 October 1517, Dr. Martin Luther, professor of theology ...

    It was not only in Italy that changes occurred. Humanists outside Italy, such as Desiderius Erasmus in the Netherlands, John Colet and Sir Thomas Moore in England, Johann Reuchlin in Germany and Jacques Lef�vre d'Etaples in France applied the

  2. English Reformation

    traced the birth of the Reformation have established cases of corruption and negligence among the clergy. Other contemporary evidence nevertheless can augment Haigh's views that actually there was no widespread desire for reform. At the time leading up to the Reformation, relationships between priests and parishioners were supposedly hostile.

  1. Explain the importance of Henry's relationship with the Papacy in relation to other factors ...

    small extent through the upper ranks in society who had access by influence to humanist writings, schools or intellectuals. Erasmus challenged and criticised the church, even though he was a devout Christian, but was concerned with the corruption that had spread through the religious positions of office.

  2. Martin Luther's role in the German Reformation Martin Luther was born in Saxony. His ...

    John Tetzel was the indulgency seller that arrived in Wittenberg. Luther was horrified at the idea that you could buy salvation like you would buy a sack of spuds. Luther believed that the pope was selling salvation. When Tetzel arrived Luther called him a donkey from Rome and began to

  1. Why did Luther successfully challenge the sale of indulgences?

    In addition, prior to Luther's declarations, it is clearly evident that there was some form of religious element involved, since so many people had purchased these extracts, which the Church claimed held the key to salvation.

  2. Why did Germany respond so rapidly to Luther's message?

    Even before the reformation started, the majority of peasants lived in villages, on the land, cultivating it with 'indefatigable labour and primitive technology' (Mullet pg. 16) and even though some peasants were not badly off, even the condition of the more prosperous was gruelling and required 'an ever watchful suspicion, especially towards landlords' (Mullet pg.

  1. The Progression of Christianity from The Apostolic era - The Lutheran Reformation.

    To do this, man needed a mediator to reach Christ. Rome's acceptance of Christianity as its official religion may have strengthened the institution of the Medieval Church. Diversity of belief and practice was no longer going to be tolerated; Rome did not want a loose federation.

  2. Explain why Luther's protest spreads so quickly in Germany in the years up to ...

    busy with their debauchery to be aware of what was going on in Germany until it was too late. Although to us the behaviour of the clergy in these times seems appalling, it was not really a matter of great concern to the laity.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work