• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Acid Rain and Its Effects

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Acid rain is not just rain as the name would suggest, but any form of precipitation with acidic levels below, as a guideline, 5.6pH (remember the lower the pH, the greater the acidity). 5.6pH is given as a guideline because this would be the pH of carbonic acid rain in average CO2 air conditions. However there are other gases that cause different types of acid rain, and some cause lower pH levels than this. This is why most people have now ditched the '5.6 or lower pH is acid rain' concept. In actuality, acid rain is rain with a pH that is unusually low compared to it's surrounding because it has acid in it. Acid rain is caused by water in any state (solid, liquid or gas) ...read more.

Middle

True, there is little stopping the natural causes, such as volcanoes and decaying matter, causing acid rain, but this is nothing compared to what we have done. Occasional acid rain in rivers and other aqueous habitats may cause a sudden drop in the amount of wildlife when it occurs, but the ecosystem soon replenishes itself. This happens often in nature where an unusual occurrence is soon righted. However, if something such as this persists it could mean wiping out the whole ecosystem (killing those at the bottom of the food chain affects all involved in the food chain), even non-aquatic creatures such as fish-eating birds. That is if the acid-concentration is high enough to kill any life-forms. If it isn't, but persists then mutations such as that of the frog on the left could occur, and though those above the frog in the food chain can eat these ...read more.

Conclusion

We need to act now, as acid rain is either directly or indirectly damaging almost all types of life-form on the Earth. It seems that emissions need to be dealt with so they do not get into the atmosphere at all, whether to stop Global Warming, Pollution, the depletion of the Ozone Layer or Acid Rain. One of the simplest and cheapest ideas so far would be to 'water-down' these gases so they form dilute acids (like acid rain) which are somehow drained away. As long as the gases are contained as acids in water they can cause very little harm to the atmosphere, and we would be able to dispose of these acids rather than having the acidic gases lose in the air, waiting for acid rain to wreck its havoc. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Changing Materials - The Earth and its Atmosphere section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Changing Materials - The Earth and its Atmosphere essays

  1. acid rain

    We did this for 70 seconds and then finally read the results and jotted them down onto a table. After each run we emptied and refilled the water bath, large measuring cylinder, and also emptied the flask making sure we didn't contaminate the next test.

  2. What is Acid Rain? What are the effects of acid rain?

    They also damage historical monuments especially those made out of rock, limestone and marble Lakes polluted: 18,000 Swedish lakes are badly poisoned along with over 4000 having almost no species left within them. Affected fish: Scotland has suffered losses of up to �25 million per year through acid-infected fish within or around there country.

  1. Design Lab- Acid Rain

    4NO2 + 2H20 + O2 --> 4HNO3 Limestone has long been preferred as building material for constructing durable buildings and monuments. Limestone consists of CaCO3 (Calcium Carbonate). Even though they are highly durable they are being eroded by acid rain.

  2. Is an increase in traffic pollution the

    Allergens: Animal dander (from the skin, hair, or feathers of animals) * Dust mites (in house dust) * Cockroaches * Pollen from trees and grass * Mould (indoor and outdoor) Pg 3 Irritants: * Air pollution * Cigarette smoke * Cold air or changes in weather * Strong odours from

  1. Acid Rain

    gas in the air that dissolves in water to form weak carbonic acid. But rain, snow, or other moisture is not called "acid rain" until it has a pH value below 5.6. Rainfall in eastern North America is often acidic with a pH of 4 to 5.

  2. air pollution

    There are several main types of pollution and well-known effects of pollution which are commonly discussed. These include acid rain, particulates, the greenhouse effect, and "holes" in the ozone layer for example in Australia where CFCs have damaged the ozone above.

  1. Acid Rain and its effects on the Taj Mahal

    Allows organisms to infect through broken leaves 1. Accelerates weathering in metal and stone structures 2. E.g. Parthenon in Athens, Greece; Taj Mahal in Agra, India 3.

  2. Are Humans causing global warming?

    would not have been as adapted and suited to the habitat, so it is clear that they would have had only handmade items to survive. Cavemen were the first civilisation of human kind; they had nothing and were forced to survive in a world which appeared a lot different to nowadays.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work