• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Acid rain in Europe

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction What is acid rain? What are the causes of acid rain? What are the effects of acid rain? What can be done to reduce acid rain? What can be done to reduce and repair the damage done by acid rain? How practical are these solutions? What are the different views and attitudes of different groups involved in the debate? Introduction The atmosphere is like a film of gases, which makes the planet habitable. If this layer was not present there would be no life on earth. It is a fact that the health of plants, animals and humans depends upon a very important factor 'pollution'. Although, all kinds of poisonous waste is continuing to be put into the atmosphere. These poisonous gases are being produced when fossil fuels are burnt, as a result of this acid rain forms which further more results in numerous problems damaging forests, lakes, rivers, land, plants and animals. The main culprits of burning fossil fuels are MEDC's, which insist on maintaining their high standards of living. What is acid rain? Rain is naturally acidic but the term 'acid rain' is usually referred to as rain, which has been made more acidic than it should be due to the atmosphere absorbing the gasses emitted from the burning of fossil fuels. ...read more.

Middle

Also, birds can die from eating "toxic" fish and insects and in turn fish can die from eating toxic insects some fish die before they are even born by the eggs being affected by the acid in the lake in some cases a whole generation can be wiped out. Fish usually die only when the acid level of a lake is high; when the acid level is lower, they can become sick, suffer stunted growth, or lose their ability to reproduce. On the left there is a picture showing dead fish, which have been effected by acid rain and on the right a food chain. Architecture, buildings and statues can also be destroyed by acid rain. Acid rain can damage buildings, stained glass, railroad lines, airplanes, cars, steel bridges, and underground pipes. Acid particles land on buildings, causing corrosion as the sulphur reacts with the minerals in the stone to form a powdery substance that can be washed away by rain. This powdery substance is called gypsum. This mainly occurs on sandstone and limestone. Currently, both the railway industry and the airplane industry have to spend a lot of money to repair the corrosive damage done by acid rain. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also liming on land is more difficult because there is so much more of it. Spraying the mixture of water and lime is a fairly good way, however, again it is expensive and would need to be done continuously. Catalytic converters is one of the best ways to reduce emissions and repair the damage done by acid rain the devices change the harmful nitrogen oxides into water, nitrogen and carbon dioxide which is still a pollutant but is less harmful. However, once again the prices of theses cars are fairly high and this will only work with lead free petrol. Many people would not agree with the government spending more money on pollution control, as the cost of electricity would go up. More efficient use of energy reduces the amount of fuel used and the amount of pollution produced. Although the 19 countries agreed to reduce sulphur emissions it is not able to solve the problem. In fact scientists have said "a cut of 80-90% is required to prevent further damage to the Swedish environment. Energy being produced from less polluting sources is a good idea but does have other implications on the environment. What are the different views and attitudes of different groups involved in the debate? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Aqueous Chemistry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Aqueous Chemistry essays

  1. Freezing Point Depression

    a beaker and heat until the lauric acid/benzoic acid mixture is completely melted 4. Once the mixture is completely melted, carefully remove it from the hot water and allow it to cool. 5. Record the temperature every 30 seconds until the temperature reaches 25�C.

  2. The effect of Acid Rain on Seed Germination.

    These levels will range right from 0% - 100%. I will need to change the concentration without changing the volume of liquid so I will need to firstly set the desired volume of liquid for each different concentration. The volume of liquid will be set at 9cm� in each Petri-dish.

  1. Acid Rain

    the soils involved, and the types of fish, trees, and other living life that rely on the water. Dry deposition refers to acidic gases and particles. About half of the acidity in the atmosphere falls back to earth through dry deposition.

  2. How does Acid Rain Affect Buildings.

    5.65 it is not considered acid rain, if the rain has a pH of lower than 5.6 it is considered acid rain. Of course the acidity of the rainwater also reflects in other precipitations like snow, hail, dew and fog.

  1. Investigate how the amount of heat produced by burning a fuel depends on the ...

    * Carefully place the thermometer into the can, and record the initial temperature, ensuring that you are only recording the temperature of the water, not including that of the tin as well. To make certain of this, hold the thermometer so that it is not touching the sides of the

  2. To investigate the effects of acid rain on statues

    + CaCo3(s) CaCl2(s) + H2O(l) + CO2(g) I will take 5 readings and do each reading three times to make sure that they are accurate. I will also work out the average of my results and they will be organised into a table.

  1. Formation and Effects of Acid Rain.

    The greatest source of nitrogen oxides in 1981 was from other industry. The greatest source of nitrogen oxides in 1991 was from road transport. I think these are the greatest sources because the power stations are continuously pumping out tons of sulphur dioxides and nitrogen oxides.

  2. Acid Rain.

    Acid rain has seriously harmed forests, soil, lakes, rivers and buildings. In Scandinavia large areas of coniferous forest are dying. Trees and vegetation has been destroyed. Increasing acidity in the soil has become an economical effect for farmers, as their crops are dying and they do not have much to sell.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work