• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Acid rain in Europe

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction What is acid rain? What are the causes of acid rain? What are the effects of acid rain? What can be done to reduce acid rain? What can be done to reduce and repair the damage done by acid rain? How practical are these solutions? What are the different views and attitudes of different groups involved in the debate? Introduction The atmosphere is like a film of gases, which makes the planet habitable. If this layer was not present there would be no life on earth. It is a fact that the health of plants, animals and humans depends upon a very important factor 'pollution'. Although, all kinds of poisonous waste is continuing to be put into the atmosphere. These poisonous gases are being produced when fossil fuels are burnt, as a result of this acid rain forms which further more results in numerous problems damaging forests, lakes, rivers, land, plants and animals. The main culprits of burning fossil fuels are MEDC's, which insist on maintaining their high standards of living. What is acid rain? Rain is naturally acidic but the term 'acid rain' is usually referred to as rain, which has been made more acidic than it should be due to the atmosphere absorbing the gasses emitted from the burning of fossil fuels. ...read more.

Middle

Also, birds can die from eating "toxic" fish and insects and in turn fish can die from eating toxic insects some fish die before they are even born by the eggs being affected by the acid in the lake in some cases a whole generation can be wiped out. Fish usually die only when the acid level of a lake is high; when the acid level is lower, they can become sick, suffer stunted growth, or lose their ability to reproduce. On the left there is a picture showing dead fish, which have been effected by acid rain and on the right a food chain. Architecture, buildings and statues can also be destroyed by acid rain. Acid rain can damage buildings, stained glass, railroad lines, airplanes, cars, steel bridges, and underground pipes. Acid particles land on buildings, causing corrosion as the sulphur reacts with the minerals in the stone to form a powdery substance that can be washed away by rain. This powdery substance is called gypsum. This mainly occurs on sandstone and limestone. Currently, both the railway industry and the airplane industry have to spend a lot of money to repair the corrosive damage done by acid rain. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also liming on land is more difficult because there is so much more of it. Spraying the mixture of water and lime is a fairly good way, however, again it is expensive and would need to be done continuously. Catalytic converters is one of the best ways to reduce emissions and repair the damage done by acid rain the devices change the harmful nitrogen oxides into water, nitrogen and carbon dioxide which is still a pollutant but is less harmful. However, once again the prices of theses cars are fairly high and this will only work with lead free petrol. Many people would not agree with the government spending more money on pollution control, as the cost of electricity would go up. More efficient use of energy reduces the amount of fuel used and the amount of pollution produced. Although the 19 countries agreed to reduce sulphur emissions it is not able to solve the problem. In fact scientists have said "a cut of 80-90% is required to prevent further damage to the Swedish environment. Energy being produced from less polluting sources is a good idea but does have other implications on the environment. What are the different views and attitudes of different groups involved in the debate? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Aqueous Chemistry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Aqueous Chemistry essays

  1. Freezing Point Depression

    Repeat steps 1-5 two more times increasing the amount of benzoic acid by 0.1 g each time. Record the changes in temperature with time for each. Results Freezing Points of Compounds * Water = 0�C * NaCl = -4�C * Sucrose = -2�C * Unknown A = -4�C Molalities

  2. Investigate how the amount of heat produced by burning a fuel depends on the ...

    can, but rather it is being held to measure the water in the middle of the tin (avoid holding it too near the surface of the water - this will result in a lower temperature reading than it should be, and avoid holding it too near the bottom of the can - this will make the reading too high).

  1. The effect of Acid Rain on Seed Germination.

    Experiment 4: These seeds germinated the best out of the four. All 20 of the seeds germinated and grew to an approximate length of 70mm and 16 of the shoots had developed a cotyledon. The shoots were also healthy and very green in colour.

  2. Determination of the proportion of nitrogen in a fertiliser.

    o When 50cm� of 1M NaOH is being collected by the pipette, it is done twice and this causes more chances of human error and more uncertainties for the experiment itself, as shown in the uncertainties calculations. Accidental spills not caught by the eye or other simple errors would have double the affect due to doing this twice.

  1. Acid RainWhat is Acid Rain?Acid rain is a result of air pollution. When any ...

    The Effects of Acid Rain Acid rain can be carried great distances in the atmosphere, not just between countries but also from continent to continent. The acid can also take the form of snow, mists and dry dusts. The rain sometimes falls many miles from the source of pollution but

  2. Acid Rain

    the soils involved, and the types of fish, trees, and other living life that rely on the water. Dry deposition refers to acidic gases and particles. About half of the acidity in the atmosphere falls back to earth through dry deposition.

  1. How does Acid Rain Affect Buildings.

    + O2 (g) ---> 2NO2(g) Therefore the NO2 which is needed in the first reaction regenerates every time it gets used up as seen in the second reaction and so therefore it acts as a catalyst for the first reaction. With SO3 in the atmosphere it can now form H2SO4 in the following equation: SO3(g)

  2. Acid Rain

    and chlorine (CI2). The following reactions show the acid formation due to these gases (Cherrington, Brett; 1996): Sulfur dioxide reacts with water to form sulfuric acid (SO42-). Oxides of nitrogen react with water to form nitric acid (NO3-). Carbon dioxide (CO2)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work