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An experiment to investigate the affect of selective attention on the performance of a motor skill.

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An experiment to investigate the affect of selective attention on the performance of a motor skill. Selective attention if the process whereby people concentrate on one stimulus or one cue to the exclusion of others. A motor skill is when the voluntary movement is predominant and perception plays a less significant role, therefore is physical action. A perceptual motor skill combines perception and movement components. Information is received by the senses analysed and made meaningful. A cognitive motor skill is the ability to solve problems by thinking, therefore the main component if intellectual/ mental; therefore we are able to acquire knowledge. In sport motor, cognitive and perceptual skills are all incorporated and therefore often referred to as a motor skill. Consequently selective attention and motor skills are related as an essential aspect of the process of producing a motor response is the selection of information from the environment on which the response can be based. In many motor skills such as catching, visual selective attention is critical for a successful performance; our ability to attend to only a specific portion of information and not be distracted from the irrelevant information. ...read more.


Consequently, if there is a low number of an alternative stimulus, the easier and faster one can react. > Psychological refractory Period: Wellford explained that there is merely a single channel in the brain, which all information must pass through. Subsequently delays occur when there are a multiple number of stimuli. The time between the 1st stimulus digestion and the 2nd is known as the Psychological Refractory Period. ` > Gender: Males have quicker reactions than females, but this also deteriorates faster. > Temporal Anticipation: Predicting an event of a set of stimuli causing a readiness of the necessary movements. If this is done correctly there is a reduced time taken to respond to the stimulus, however if someone interprets wrongly it extends the reaction time. > Age: Reaction time is quicker up to an optimum age where it then deteriorates after. Once completing all experiments the results that we obtained are: *BOYS* A B C Adam 90% 90% 90% Elliot 90% 90% 90% Edward 80% 90% 90% Daniel 100% 90% 90% It is evident from the results that boys did not fluctuate much on any of the experiments, however experiment A showed a slight range. ...read more.


However the reasoning for everyone's flaws or peaks cannot be determined with a specific reason especially considering such a low amount of trials were completed. If the experiment was repeated a greater number of times and more observation were recorded the reasoning for ones strength and weaknesses could be more justifiable and therefore accurate. For instance if one continually dropped the ball in experiment C it would be clear there FMS were lacking due to insufficient practice during the crucial years. As emphasised by the graphs it is evident that boys have a much higher rounded regular strength in all the necessary components; selective attention, reaction time and FMS demonstrating little fluctuation. Girls however expressed a much greater range in the in each experiment although consistently showing a particular strength with FMS due to their high percentage in experiment C. However the conclusion that man are more frequent all the areas can not be completely true due to the factors mentioned above. Therefore only with a fairer experiment would it be possible to obtain true trends between genders. After completing all experiments it is evident that each required and analysed a different component of ones psychological and physical ability. Therefore ones strength and weaknesses determined the results they achieved. ?? ?? ?? ?? Natalie Salah Page 1 08/05/2007 ...read more.

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