• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10

An investigation into the relationship between heat loss and surface area to volume ratio

Extracts from this document...


An investigation into the relationship between heat loss and surface area to volume ratio Preliminary work To investigate this relationship what I did for my preliminary work is to collect six varying volumes of water in the same boiling tube: 4cm3, 6cm3, 8cm3, 10cm3, 12cm3 and 14cm3. The apparatus was set up as sown below. After doing this I will then heat the boiling tube to 100�c and then start the timer, noting at every 10 second interval what the temperature is, continuing for 200 seconds altogether. There will be a thermometer in the boiling tube telling us what the temperature of the water is and also one outside on the desk away from heat sources telling us, roughly, what the room temperature is. The problem which I encountered was that at this temperature the water will be boiling and 'spitting' hence also causing a safety hazard. We could put anti bump granules or put some salt in it, but the salt will change the properties of the tap water, which we do not want. However, with careful heating, the water did not get out of control. I noticed several mistakes with preliminary work. Firstly I noticed that even if you are careful it is still very difficult to prevent the water from boiling violently. Unfortunately the only measures which can be taken are to point the test tube away from your self and any other people, to boil very carefully, wear an apron and also a pair of goggles. ...read more.


The last variable is the thickness of the glass in the different sized beakers. Basically the beakers are different sizes and so have different thicknesses of glass. This matters because it will also affect the rate of cooling. This is controlled simply by using the same beaker and putting different, measured, quantities of water in. Hypothesis I hypothesise that large animals have a smaller surface area to volume ratio therefore the beaker with the greatest volume will loose heat the slowest. And that the small animals have a large surface area to volume ratio; this represents the beakers with the smallest volume of water and so the beaker with the smallest volume of water will loose heat the fastest. On the graph the initial rate will be quite quick but then steady out. I.e. it will be curved. I also predict that if you halve the surface area to volume ratio you will halve the initial rate of heat loss also if you halve the volume twice from the initial volume by however much the temperature dropped during the first halved sample it will drop the same again. i.e. if you have 500cm3 to 250cm3 and let's say that the temperature dropped by 8�C I predict that if you halve that 250cm3 to 125cm3 the temperature will drop by 8�C again. As shown in the above diagram I hypothesise that if you halve the volume of the water you will also halve the initial rate of heat loss. ...read more.


I would have expected this to happen straight away. This would probably be due an experimental error; as far as I can explain, I heated the beaker and when I stopped and started timing, although I had taken the Bunsen burner away, the water was still being heated and then started to cool. This is possible but only for a few seconds not 50 seconds. Evaluation Although the experiment proved my prediction correct but only to a certain extent I believe that my results were incorrect and so led me to an incorrect conclusion. My results suggest that the initial rate of heat loss is slow and it speeds up after about 50 seconds. Either my results are incorrect or I haven't got enough of them. What I mean by this is that maybe I should have continued timing the heat loss for another 200 or so seconds. I am suggesting this because I believe that there is a strong possibility that if I based the rate on the whole graph I would have come out with proof that my prediction was in fact true. Therefore this would mean that the curve would appear later on and the results which I have do not represent a curve at all but in actual fact the initial rate. I could perform further experimentation to follow up this investigation. I could time the rate at which the water heats up. So instead of heating then timing the cooling rate I simply time the heating rate. This would be simpler and o variables such as room temperature, boiling and so on would be eliminated. Shehram Khattak 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Green Plants as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

A good account of differences in the rate of cooling of different volumes of water. However, the original aim has been lost sight of and the author seems unsure what the independent and dependent variables actually are.

Marked by teacher Adam Roberts 18/07/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Green Plants as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Biology CourseworkTo determine if the distribution of flora across Ellerbeck is due to chance. ...

    5 star(s)

    away using my compass to make certain it is on the same bearing. I will then pull the measuring tape taught between the two ranging poles and move down it, performing a line transect every two metres and an interrupted belt transect with a quadrat frame every 10 metres.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    An investigation into the abundance of fresh water black fly larvae, Simuliidae, between pools ...

    4 star(s)

    The more surface area and mixing, the more oxygen that can get into the water. In riffles the water is fast, but shallow so larger stones are deposited increasing the surface area exposed to the air. In pools the water is slower so the bottom of the stream is covered in silt.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To measure heat loss in two test tubes which represent bodies, one which sweats ...

    3 star(s)

    The wet boiling tube cooled 9OC more than the dry boiling tube. Plan Experiment 4. 1. The plan for experiment was exactly the same as experiment 3 except I used cotton wool to plug up the boiling tube instead of using a stopper.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Investigate which surface of a leaf loses more water by transpiration.

    3 star(s)

    and anyway, such a miniscule difference in weight could only be noticed on a pair of incredibly accurate scales because only a couple of minutes of extra transpiration will have taken place. Anomalous results The only anomalous result was a major one, that of leaf 4.

  1. Peer reviewed

    An Investigation into the Effects that Different Light Intensities have on the Speed of ...

    5 star(s)

    screen, to record them and then take measurements from the footage because I believe that this will be a much clearer and less complicated way of recording their paths than if I was to use a grid on the bottom of the container or something similar.

  2. The effect the surface area of an organism has on the rate of heat ...

    RESULTS Time taken is given in minutes and seconds. Volume Time taken 1 Time taken 2 Average Volume:surface area ratio 10 4:14 4:35 4:24.5 0.1 20 4:43 5:06 4:54.5 0.2 30 5:11 5:11 5:11 0.3 40 5:22 5:24 5:23 0.4 50 5:37 5:41 5:39 0.5 Volume: surface area ratio Rate of heat loss (0C per minute)

  1. The investigation is aiming to look at transpiration.

    The removal of water from the top of the xylem vessels reduces the hydrostatic pressure {exerted by liquid}. The hydrostatic pressure at the top of the xylem becomes lower than that at the bottom. The pressure difference causes water to move up the xylem.

  2. Describe a time when you felt disappointed or let down

    "What are you talking about Rob, that was you! Not me" Stuart denied quickly among the jeers of laughter. "Hey Hey Hey HEY! Right, Rob are you sure you wont just be able to go against Stuart, It will be uneven sides if you don't" "No way, forget it" Rob stated.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work